Hamid Hussain Musavi
Hamid Hussain Musavi Kintoori Lakhnavi (born 1830 - died 1880) (Hindi: अयातोल्लाह सय्यिद मीर हामिद हुसैन मुसावी किन्तूरी लखनवी, Urdu: آيتالله سیید میر حامد حسین موسوی کنتوری لکھنوی), was a leading Shia scholar of his time in India. He was son of Mufti Syed Muhammad Quli Kinturi and author of book Abaqat ul Anwar fi Imamat al Ai'imma al-Athar.
Hamid Hussain was the son of Mohammad Quli and the grandson of Mohammad Hussain. His ancestral town is Kintoor, Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh and he traces his lineage to the Prophet of Islam via Imam Musa al-Kazim, hence the name "Musavi".
He studied jurisprudence and fiqh in Lucknow with Sayyid Ḥusayn son of Dildār ʿAlī Naṣīrābādī (d. 1856), philosophy with Sayyid Murtażā (d. 1860) son of Sayyid Muḥammad Sulṭān al-ʿUlamāʾ and hence a grandson of Sayyid Dildār ʿAlī, and literature and other humanities with Sayyid Muḥammad ʿAbbās Jazāʾirī Shūshtarī (d. 1889), and later went to study in the shrine cities of Iraq.
He wrote Asfār al-anwār ʿan waqāʾiʿ afḍal al-asfār on his travels in Iraq, and Zayn al-wasāʾil and al-Dharāʾiʿ in fiqh.
In search of materials for the text, Sayyid Ḥāmid Ḥusayn travelled widely and collected manuscripts - his library was inherited by his son Sayyid Nāṣir (1867-1942) and established as the Nāṣirīya library in Lucknow. Sayyid Nāṣir was recognised as Shams al-ʿUlamāʾ by the government of India in 1916 and a major leader in Lucknow.
His family is renowned and respected in Lucknow, where his son late Maulana Syed Nasir Hussain aka Nasir-ul-Millat and grandson late Maulana Syed Mohammad Saeed aka Saeed-ul-Millat enjoyed much respect in their lifetimes. His great-grandson, the son of Maulana Syed Mohammad Saeed, is Maulana Syed Ali Nasir Saeed Abaqati who is better known as Agha Roohi.
The contemporary scholar Muḥammad Riżā Ḥakīmī wrote an intellectual biography of Ḥāmid Ḥusayn which was published in 1980.
- Leader of Heaven #18
- Roots of North Indian Shi‘ism in Iran and Iraq Religion and State in Awadh, 1722-1859, by J. R. I. Cole, UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESS Berkeley · Los Angeles · Oxford
- Islam, politics, and social movements By Edmund Burke, Ervand Abrahamian, Ira M. Lapidus
- GHADEER-E-KHUM WHERE THE RELIGION WAS BROUGHT TO PERFECTION By I.H. Najafi, Published By A GROUP OF MUSLIM BROTHERS, NEW ADDRESS P. 0. Box No. 11365- 1545, Tehran - IRAN.