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Sulaiman Nadvi (Urdu: سید سلیمان ندوی—Sayyid Sulaimān Nadwī; November 22, 1884 – November 23, 1953) was an eminent Indian historian, biographer, littérateur and scholar of Islam. He co-authored Sirat-un-Nabi and wrote Khutbat-e-Madras.
Early life and education
His first teachers were Khalifa Anwar Ali of Desna and Maqsood Ali of Ookhdi. Later he received his education from his elder brother, Hakeem Sayyed Abu Habeeb and his father, who was a physician at Islampur near Patna. In 1899 he went to Phulwari Sharif (Bihar) where he became a disciple of Maulana Mohiuddin and Sulaiman Phulwari. From there he went to Darbhanga where he studied for a few months at Madrasa-e-Imdadia.
In 1901, he was admitted into Darul-uloom Nadwatul Ulama at Lucknow. He studied for seven years at Nadva. He was also appointed sub-editor of the journal, An-Nadwa. his first article, Waqt (Time) was published in the monthly Urdu Journal Makhzan edited by Abdul Qadir. In 1906, he graduated from the Nadva. In 1908, Nadvi was appointed an instructor of Modern Arabic and Theology at Dar-ul-Uloom Nadva.
Contribution to Islamic literature
In 1910, Shibli Nomani began writing Sirat-un-Nabi in Urdu, but died before completing it. After Nomani's death in 1914, Nadvi left his position as a professor at Deccan College, Pune and traveled to Azamgarh. There he edited and published the two first volumes of Sirat-un-Nabi penned by Nomani, and completed the remaining four volumes himself. The work was initially funded by Sultan Jehan Begum of Bhopal, and later by Nizam of Hyderabad.
In October and November 1925, Nadvi delivered a series of eight lectures on the life Muhammad at Madras. These lectures were later published as Khutbat-e-Madras.
In 1940, he published Rahmat-e-Aalam, a children's book about Muhammad.
Nadvi, along with others who favored Hindu-Muslim unity in British India, suggested that the term "Urdu" be abandoned in favour of "Hindustani" because the former conjured up the image of a military conquest and war whereas the latter had no such symbolic baggage.
Emigration and death
In June 1950 (after the partition of India), Nadvi moved to Pakistan and settled in Karachi. He was appointed Chairman of Taleemat-e-Islami Board to advise on the Islamic aspects of Pakistan's constitution. He died on November 22, 1953 in Karachi at the age of 69.
The following is a list of some of the most famous works of Hazrat Syed Sulaiman Nadvi.
- Ardh al-Quran
- Rahmat-e-Aalam sallAllahu alaihi va Aalihi vasallam
- Hayât Imâm Mâlik
- Barîd Farang
- Syed Sulaiman aur Tibb Unani by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Mutallae Sulaimani, Edited by Prof. Masoodur Rahman Khan Nadvi and Dr. Mohd. Hassan Khan, Darul Uloom, Tajul Masajid, Bhopal, 1986, p. 285-293
- Syed Sulaiman Aur Tibb Unani by Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman, Akhbar-ul-Tibb, Karachi, Pakistan, Nov. 1987, p. 9-12
- "Myths about Urdu". DAWN. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
- Khayam by Sulaiman Nadvi Online