Sylvia Bacon (July 9, 1931 - ) was a judge of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia who was considered by both Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan as a potential nominee to the Supreme Court of the United States, at a time when no women had yet been appointed to the Court.
Born in Watertown, South Dakota, Bacon attended Watertown High School, and received a B.A. from Vassar College in 1952, a Certificate from the London School of Economics in 1953, an LL.B. from Harvard Law School in 1956, and an LL.M. from the Georgetown University Law Center in 1959. While at Vassar, she was an officer in the National Student Association. From 1956 to 1957, she was a law clerk to District Court judge Burnita Shelton Matthews. She worked in various positions within the United States Department of Justice from 1956 to 1970, during which time she "helped draft the District of Columbia's controversial no-knock crime bill", and "served under Ramsey Clark and helped draft legislation for court reform in the District of Columbia". She was appointed to the Superior Court of the District of Columbia in 1970, serving until 1991.
- John Dean, "Cast of Characters: Candidates considered for the Supreme Court", The Rehnquist Choice: The Untold Story of the Nixon Appointment That Redefined the Supreme Court (Free Press, 2001), p. xiii-xiv. ISBN 978-0-7432-2979-1.
- Elizabeth Olson, "Reagan may have strong hand over high court", United Press International (November 9, 1980).
- Biskupic, Joan. Sandra Day O'Connor: How the First Woman on the Supreme Court Became Its Most Influential Justice. Ecco Press. pp. 75–76. ISBN 978-0-06-059018-5.
- Judicial Selection Letter to Ken Starr, et al. Sept. 24, 1981
- Eugene G. Schwartz, Ed., American Students Organize: Founding the National Student Association After World War II (2006), Page 476.
- "The Nation: Nixon's Not So Supreme Court", Time Magazine (Monday, Oct. 25, 1971).
- Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law page on Sylvia Bacon.