|Born||Sylvia Celeste Shoemaker
October 19, 1936
Kansas City, Missouri
|Died||November 20, 2013
San Jose, California
|Occupation||Self-described psychic and medium|
|Spouse(s)||Gary Dufresne (1959–1972; divorced); 2 sons
Kenzil Dalzell Brown (1973–?)
Larry Lee Beck (?–2002; divorced)
Michael Ulery (2009–2013; her death)
|Children||Christopher Dufresne, Paul Dufresne|
Sylvia Browne (born Sylvia Celeste Shoemaker; October 19, 1936 – November 20, 2013) was an American author who described herself as a psychic and spiritual medium. She appeared regularly on television and radio, including the shows The Montel Williams Show and Larry King Live, and hosted an hour-long Internet radio show on Hay House Radio. She was the subject of frequent criticism for making psychic predictions that were later proven false, including predictions related to missing persons such as Shawn Hornbeck and Amanda Berry.
Browne grew up in Kansas City, Missouri, the daughter of Celeste (née Coil) and William Lee Shoemaker. Her father held several different jobs, working at times in mail delivery, in jewelry sales, and as a vice president of a major freight line. Browne was raised mostly as a Catholic, and was said to have Jewish, Episcopalian, and Lutheran relatives.
Browne claimed that she started seeing visions at the age of five, and that her grandmother, who claimed to be a psychic medium, helped her understand what they meant. Browne also claimed her great-uncle was a psychic medium and was "rabid about UFOs".
Browne was the head of the Sylvia Browne Corporation and Sylvia Browne Enterprises. In a 2010 interview, Browne's business manager said that Browne's businesses earn $3 million a year.
Browne started to give psychic readings in 1974, and performed thousands of one-on-one readings for a wide variety of groups and individuals. As of 2008, she charged $750 for a 20- to 30-minute telephone session.
Browne was the author of dozens of books on paranormal and spiritual topics. She discussed a wish for people to feel that they are loved by God. Browne claimed that God comprises both a male and a female part, named Om and Azna respectively. She stated that the entity of God loves all people and living beings equally, no matter what one's specific religious or spiritual beliefs are. According to Browne, this includes atheists. Browne wrote that people's actions and intentions define a person and soul, and that people of all religions, spiritual beliefs, and non-beliefs may go to "the Other Side", as she referred to Heaven. Browne wrote that she presented her beliefs in a way that allows readers or listeners to take what they want from her teachings and leave behind what they do not agree with.
Television and radio
Browne was a frequent guest on US television and radio programs, including Larry King Live, The Montel Williams Show, That's Incredible!, and Coast to Coast AM. During these appearances, she usually discussed her abilities with the host and then performed readings for audience members or callers. On certain occasions she was paired with other guests, including skeptics, often leading to debate about the authenticity of Browne's psychic abilities. These shows often featured verbal sparring between the two, with each trying to convince the audience that the other was wrong.
Browne appeared in a 1991 episode of Haunted Lives: True Ghost Stories. In the segment "Ghosts R Us", she portrayed herself in a recreation of events that purportedly took place in a haunted Toys R Us store. Browne also appeared as herself on the television soap opera The Young and the Restless in December 2006.
In 1986, Browne founded a Campbell, California church known as the Society of Novus Spiritus, which describes itself as "Gnostic Christian". The church states that they carry on the traditions and teachings followed by Jesus Christ, while incorporating the Gnostic Gospels and not excluding Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, or Hinduism. The Novus Spiritus website says that while the Bible is a "marvelous book of learning and hope", it is not the "unaltered word of God".
Browne claimed that she knew what it is like in Heaven. In her book The Other Side and Back, she says the temperature is a constant 78 °F (25.6 °C), that there are no insects unless one wants there to be, that pets go to Heaven, and that a house can be built wherever one wants. She asserted that the "other side" exists approximately three feet above ground level and at a "higher vibrational level" and that this makes it difficult for humans to perceive. Like a number of other psychics, she claimed to have been born able to perceive a wider range of "vibrational frequencies".
Browne declared that she could see angels, and that they looked similar to depictions in paintings but had different traits depending on their "phylum". She also claimed that they do not speak. Browne professed the ability to speak with her spirit guide, "Francine", and gave details of 54 of her own former lives as divined by her.
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Browne made many public predictions which were subsequently proven false. Among the more notable incidents were the following:
- In 2002: Browne told the parents of 11-year-old Shawn Hornbeck, who had disappeared earlier that year, that Hornbeck was dead and had been kidnapped by a dark-skinned man with dreadlocks. Hornbeck was found alive in 2007; his kidnapper was Caucasian and short-haired. In June 2008, UK television network ITV2 was sanctioned by Ofcom for reairing the Montel Williams episode featuring Browne's original prediction.
- In November 2004, Browne told the mother of kidnapping victim Amanda Berry, who had disappeared 19 months earlier: "She's not alive, honey." Browne also claimed to have had a vision of Berry's jacket in the garbage with "DNA on it". Berry's mother died two years later believing her daughter had been killed. Berry was found alive in May 2013.
- On Larry King Live in 2003, Browne predicted she would die at age 88. She died in 2013, at age 77.
Psychic detective cases
In 2000, Brill's Content examined ten recent Montel Williams episodes that highlighted Browne's work as a psychic detective, spanning 35 cases. In 21 cases, the information predicted by Browne was too vague to be verified. Of the remaining 14, law enforcement officials or family members stated Browne had played no useful role.
In 2010, the Skeptical Inquirer published a detailed three-year study by Ryan Shaffer and Agatha Jadwiszczok, examining Browne's predictions about missing persons and murder cases. Despite Browne's repeated claims to be more than 85% correct, the study reported that "Browne has not even been mostly correct in a single case." The study compared Browne's televised statements about 115 cases with newspaper reports and found that in the 25 cases where the actual outcome was known, she was completely wrong in every one. In the rest, where the final outcome was unknown, her predictions could not be substantiated. The study concluded that the media outlets that repeatedly promoted Browne's work had no visible concern about whether she was untrustworthy or harmed people. Among the predictions examined in the study were the following:
- In 1999, Browne said that six-year-old Opal Jo Jennings, who had disappeared a month earlier, had been forced into slavery in Japan. Later that year, a local man was convicted of kidnapping and murdering Jennings. In 2003, an autopsy of Jennings' remains found that she had died within hours of her abduction.
- In 2002, Browne claimed Holly Krewson, who had disappeared in 1995, was working as an exotic dancer in a Hollywood nightclub. In 2006, dental records were used to positively identify a body found in 1996 in San Diego as Krewson's.
- In 2002, Browne claimed Lynda McClelland, who had disappeared in 2000, had been taken by a man with the initials "MJ"; was alive in Orlando, Florida; and would be found soon. In 2003, McClelland's son-in-law David Repasky, who had been present at Browne's reading, was convicted of murdering McClelland; her remains were found near her home in Pennsylvania.
- In 2004, Browne said that Ryan Katcher, a 19-year-old who had disappeared in 2000, had been murdered, and his body could be found in a metal shaft. In 2006, Katcher's body was found in his truck at the bottom of a pond, where he had drowned.
In a 2013 follow-up article, Shaffer reviewed more recent predictions by Browne, as well as predictions whose outcomes had been earlier classified as undetermined but were now largely resolved. According to Shaffer, Browne was mostly or completely wrong in 33 cases and mostly accurate in none.
Sago Mine disaster
||This article lends undue weight to certain ideas, incidents, or controversies. (November 2013)|
On January 2, 2006, there was an explosion at Sago mine in West Virginia, which trapped several miners underground. The following day, Browne was a guest on the U.S. radio program Coast to Coast AM with George Noory. At the start of the broadcast, it was believed that 12 of 13 miners trapped by the Sago Mine disaster had been found alive. When Noory asked Browne if the reported lack of noise from inside the mine might have led her to think the men had died, she replied, "No; I knew they were going to be found." Later in the program, it was discovered that the earlier news reports had been in error, and Browne said, "I don't think there's anybody alive, maybe one ... I just don't think they are alive." Later in the show, she said, "I didn't believe that they were alive ... I did believe that they were gone."
James Randi challenge
Scientific skeptic James Randi, a retired stage magician and investigator of paranormal claims, was a vocal critic of Browne and claimed her accuracy rate was no better than educated guessing. On September 3, 2001, Browne stated on Larry King Live that she would prove her legitimacy by accepting the James Randi Educational Foundation's One Million Dollar Paranormal Challenge to demonstrate supernatural abilities in a controlled scientific test. However, by April 2003, Browne had not contacted Randi to make testing arrangements.
On May 16, 2003, in another appearance on King's show, Browne said she had not taken the test because Randi refused to place the prize money in escrow. Randi responded by mailing a notarized copy of the prize account status showing a balance in excess of one million dollars; Browne refused to accept the letter. In late 2003, despite challenge rules that money could not be placed in escrow, Randi announced that he was willing to do so for Browne; Browne did not accept or acknowledge this offer. In 2005, Browne posted a message online that she had never received confirmation of the prize money's existence, despite Randi's claim that he had a certified mail receipt showing Browne's refusal of the package.
In 1992, Browne and her then-husband Kenzil Dalzell Brown were indicted on several charges of investment fraud and grand theft. The Superior Court of Santa Clara County, California, found Browne and her husband had sold securities in a gold-mining venture under false pretenses. In at least one instance, they told a couple that their $20,000 investment was to be used for immediate operating costs. Instead, the money was transferred to an account for their Nirvana Foundation for Psychic Research. Browne pleaded no contest to securities fraud and was indicted on grand larceny in Santa Clara County, California on May 26, 1992. The couple each received one year probation. In addition, Browne was sentenced to 200 hours of community service.
Browne married four times. Her first marriage, from 1959 to 1972, was to Gary Dufresne. The couple had two sons, Paul and Christopher. She took the surname Brown upon her third marriage, and later changed it to Browne. Her fourth marriage took place on February 14, 2009, to Michael Ulery, the owner of a jewelry store.
In March 2011, Society of Novus Spiritus, the church founded by Browne, announced that Browne had suffered a heart attack on March 21 in Hawaii. The church requested donations on Browne's behalf.
- "Sylvia Browne Dies at 77; Self-Proclaimed Psychic". New York Times. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Renowned psychic, bestselling author Sylvia Browne dies at 77 - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 21 November 2013.
- Dulin, Dann (December 2005). "Soul Advice". A&U Magazine. Retrieved August 18, 2006.
- DuFresne, Chris. My Life with Sylvia Browne: A Son Reflects on Life with His Psychic Mother.
- Browne, Sylvia; & Antoinette May (1990). Adventures of a Psychic. Carlsbad, CA: Hay House, Inc. ISBN 0-7394-0178-5
- King, Larry (March 6, 2001). "Are Psychics for Real?". CNN/Larry King Live. Retrieved August 18, 2006.
- Browne, Sylvia (2005). Secrets & Mysteries of the World. Hay House. pp. 94–96. ISBN 1-4019-0085-2.
- Cheatham, Craig (May 13, 2010). "Sylvia Browne secrets". KMOV-TV. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "Sylvia Browne". Official website. Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved July 16, 2008.
- Browne, Sylvia; Harrison, Lindsay (August 1999). The Other Side and Back: A Psychic's Guide to Our World and Beyond. Dutton Adult.
- "1980 That's Incredible, Haunted Toys R Us in Sunnyvale, California". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- Ask Sylvia! on Hay House Radio
- Adams, Diane. "Young and the Restless Recap: December 18, 2006". Archived from the original on February 28, 2008. Retrieved January 28, 2007.
- "Novus Spiritus- FAQ". Novus Spiritus, Founder Sylvia Browne. 2006. Retrieved August 6, 2006.
- "Novus Spiritus- The Bible". Novus Spiritus, Founder Sylvia Browne.
- Browne, Sylvia (July 17, 2000), Life on the Other Side: A Psychic's Tour of the Afterlife, Dutton Adult, ISBN 0-525-94539-3
- Smith, Jonathan C. (2011). Pseudoscience and Extraordinary Claims of the Paranormal: A Critical Thinker's Toolkit. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 1444358944.
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- "The Montel Williams Show". February 26, 2003. syndicated.
- Cooper, Anderson (January 19, 2007). Anderson Cooper 360°. Psychic Powers Debunked in Shawn Hornbeck Case. CNN.
- Curry, Colleen (May 7, 2013). "Psychic Who Said Amanda Berry Was Dead Silent After Berry Is Found Alive". ABC News.
- "ITV wrong over psychic claim repeat". The Press Association. June 23, 2008. Archived from the original on July 20, 2008. Retrieved July 31, 2008.
- Ramsay, Fiona (June 23, 2008), "Ofcom rules that ITV breached broadcast code", MediaWeek.co.uk (Haymarket Media Group Ltd.) Republished
- Hudak, Stephen (November 18, 2004), "Amanda Berry is dead, psychic tells her mother on Montel Williams' show", The Plain Dealer (Cleveland, OH: Advance Publications). Republished 2013-05-07.
- Sutyak, Kara (May 6, 2013). "Missing Teens Found; 3 Brothers Arrested". Fox 8 Cleveland.
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- Kuperinsky, Amy (November 20, 2013). "Psychic Sylvia Browne dead at 77". The Star-Ledger. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- Browne, Sylvia (May 16, 2003). Interview with Larry King. Larry King Live http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0305/16/lkl.00.html. Retrieved November 20, 2013. "KING: OK. Do you know when you're going to die? BROWNE: Yes. When I'm 88." Missing or empty
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- Ronson, Jon (October 27, 2007). "Is she for real". The Guardian. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
- Fuoco, Michael (March 18, 2003) N. Braddock man held in mother-in-law's killing, post-gazette.com
- "Man Kills Mom-In-Law Over Sex, Found Guilty", thepittsburghchannel.com, WTAE-TV News, December 12, 2003
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- Shaffer, Ryan. "The Psychic Defective Revisited", Skeptical Inquirer, September–October, 2013, pp. 30-35.
- Friedman, Roger (January 5, 2006). "TV Psychic Misses Mark on Miners". Fox News. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Randi, James (January 28, 2005). "Sylvia Browne's Clock-Update". James Randi Educational Foundation. Retrieved October 25, 2006.[dead link]
- Jaroff, Leon (May 24, 2004). "Guess What I'll Write Next". Time. Retrieved March 16, 2009.
- Farha, Bryan (July 1, 2003), "Sylvia Browne: Psychic Guru or Quack?", Quackwatch, retrieved January 3, 2007
- "Copy of the Randi's Goldman Sachs account balance". Skeptic Report. 2005. Archived from the original on June 30, 2006. Retrieved August 6, 2006.
- Randi, James (May 30, 2003). "Sylvia Wriggles Away...". James Randi Educational Foundation. Retrieved August 6, 2005.[dead link]
- Cooper, Anderson (January 30, 2007). Anderson Cooper 360°. Psychic Reality Check. CNN.
- Nickell, Joe (November–December 2004). "Psychic Sylvia Browne once failed to foresee her own criminal conviction". Skeptical Inquirer 28 (6). p. 11. Archived from the original on January 6, 2007. Retrieved March 5, 2012.
- Romano, Bill (March 9, 1993). "Spiritualist, Ex-Husband Plead No Contest in Securities Case]". San Jose Mercury News
- Gonzales, Sandra (December 18, 1993). " Psychic Gets 1-Year Probation For 'Good Feelings' About Venture". San Jose Mercury News
- Neville, Anne. "Psychic Sylvia Browne sees better days ahead.", Buffalo News, 2009-03-26
- "Sylvia Browne: Psychic Readings". Official website. Retrieved March 6, 2010.
- "Special Urgent Announcement". SylviaBrowne.com. March 24, 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2011.
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- Official website
- Sylvia Browne at the Internet Movie Database
- The Society of Novus Spiritus — Browne's church
- Ask Sylvia! Browne's talk show at HayHouseradio.com