Symbols of Sussex

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Symbols of Sussex are flags, icons or cultural expressions that are emblematic, representative or otherwise characteristic of Sussex or Sussex culture. As a rule, these symbols are cultural icons that have emerged from Sussex folklore and tradition, meaning few have any official status. However, most if not all maintain recognition at a county or national level, and some, such as the emblem of Sussex, have been codified in heraldry, and are established, official and recognised symbols of Sussex.

Flag[edit]

Flag of Sussex.svg

The flag of Sussex, sometimes known as St. Richard's Flag, has been Sussex's county flag since it was registered with the Flag Institute on 20 May 2011.[1] A banner of arms, the flag is based on the traditional emblem of Sussex.

Heraldry[edit]

Sussex shield.svg

The emblem of Sussex[2] is a heraldic shield symbolising Sussex. The emblem consists of six gold martlets, on a blue field, blazoned as azure, six martlets, three, two and one, or. The first recorded use of the device is in an atlas by John Speed in 1622 to represent the Kingdom of Sussex. The six martlets may represent the traditional six sub-divisions of the county known as rapes. The martlets, or heraldic swallows, may also be a canting reference to the title of the Earls of Arundel, known as Earls of Sussex until the 13th century. The French for swallow is hirondelle, making a pun on the word Arundel.

The emblem of Sussex continues to represent Sussex and forms the basis of the coats of arms of East and West Sussex County Councils and the badges of several organisations such as Sussex County Cricket Club, Sussex County Football League and Sussex Police.

Flora[edit]

Campanulaceae - Phyteuma orbiculare.JPG Known locally as the 'Pride of Sussex', the round-headed rampion (Phyteuma orbiculare) is the county flower of Sussex. The plant is more common on the South Downs than anywhere else in the United Kingdom.[3]
Queen Elizabeth oak, Cowdray Park, near Lodsworth - geograph.org.uk - 970020.jpg Also known as Sussex weed,[4] the pendunculate oak (Quercus robur) is strongly associated with Sussex. Sussex oak was thought to be the best timber for shipbuilding[5] be unmatched in durability and strength, qualities drawn from the ferruginous soil on which it grew.[6]

Other symbols[edit]

Sussex by the Sea is the unofficial county anthem of Sussex.[7] Adopted by the Royal Sussex Regiment and popularised in World War I, it is sung at celebrations across the county, including those at Lewes Bonfire, and at sports matches, including those of Sussex County Cricket Club and Brighton and Hove Albion Football Club.[7]
We wunt be druv is the unofficial motto of Sussex.[8] It is also used by some of the Sussex Bonfire Societies.[9][10]
Saint Richard, Bishop of Chichester from 1245 to1253 - geograph.org.uk - 1074641.jpg Saint Richard of Chichester is the patron saint of Sussex.[11][12] Since 2007, the translated feast day of St Richard, 16 June, has been celebrated as Sussex Day.[13]
The insignia and shield of a male figure holding a sword across his mouth has represented the diocese of Chichester since the 13th century.[14] The imagery is parallel to that seen in an early 14th century manuscript of the Apocalypse of St John.[14] This illustrates several passages with a figure who variously has a sword across his mouth, holds an open book, and is seated on a throne.[14]
ALPP - Stool-Ball.png The sport of stoolball is strongly associated with Sussex; it has been referred to as Sussex's 'national' sport[15] and a Sussex game[16] or pastime.[17] The sport's modern rules were codified at Glynde in 1881.[18] Modern stoolball is centred on Sussex where the game was revived in the early 20th century by Major William Grantham.[19][20]
Sussex Pond Pudding 1.jpg Sussex Pond Pudding is a traditional pudding believed to have originated in Susssex and first recorded in the 17th century.
Sussex Trug Basket.JPG The Sussex trug is a type of wooden basket that is associated with Sussex, dating back to the 1500s and gaining renown at the Great Exhibition of 1851.[21][22]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sussex". UK Flag Registry. Retrieved 6 March 2014. 
  2. ^ Jamieson 1998, pp. 14–15
  3. ^ "Round-headed rampion". Plant Life. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Mabey 1996, p. 84
  5. ^ The Periodical, Volumes 40-41. Oxford University Press. 1975. p. 70. 
  6. ^ Brandon 2006
  7. ^ a b 2008
  8. ^ Lowerson 1980, p. 7.
  9. ^ "Newick Bonfire Society". Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  10. ^ "Cliffe Bonfire Society". Retrieved 22 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "St. Richard". Catholic Online. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  12. ^ Ramsey, Steve (June 2012). "Sussex Day". Sussex Living Magazine. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  13. ^ "Sussex Day". West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "Insignia and shield of the Diocese". Diocese of Chichester. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  15. ^ Coates 2010, p. 79
  16. ^ Gomme 1894, p. 219
  17. ^ Locke 2011, p. 203
  18. ^ Collins 2005, p. 251
  19. ^ Locke 2011, p. 203
  20. ^ Nauright 2012, p. 194
  21. ^ Henley, Jon (3 October 2009). "How to make a trug". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  22. ^ Locke 2011, p. 221

Bibliography[edit]

  • Brandon, Peter (2006). Sussex. London: Phillimore. ISBN 978-0-7090-6998-0. 
  • Coates, Richard (2010). The Traditional Dialect of Sussex. Pomegranate Press. ISBN 978-1-907242-09-0. 
  • Collins, Tony (ed) (2005). Encyclopedia of Traditional British Rural Sports. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415352246. 
  • Gomme, Alice Bertha (1894). The traditional games of England, Scotland and Ireland : with tunes, singing rhymes and methods of playing according to the variants extant and recorded in different parts of the kingdom. London: David Nutt. 
  • Locke, Tim (2011). Slow Sussex and the South Downs. Buckinghamshire: Bradt Travel Guides. ISBN 9781841623436. 
  • Lowerson, John (1980). A Short History of Sussex. Folkestone: Dawson Publishing. ISBN 0-7129-0948-6. 
  • Mabey, Richard (1996). Flora Britannica: The Definitive New Guide to Wild Flowers, Plants and Trees. London: Chatto & Windus / Sinclair Stevenson. ISBN 1856193772. 
  • Nauright, John (2012). Sports Around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1598843002. 
  • Weeks, Marcus (2008). Sussex Music. Alfriston: Snake River Press. ISBN 978-1-906022-10-5.