Symington, South Ayrshire

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Coordinates: 55°32′59″N 4°33′45″W / 55.549608°N 4.562544°W / 55.549608; -4.562544

Symington
Symington War Memorial.JPG
The Symington War Memorial
Symington is located in South Ayrshire
Symington
Symington
 Symington shown within South Ayrshire
Population 1,170 In 2008
Council area South Ayrshire
Lieutenancy area Ayrshire and Arran
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Kilmarnock
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Ayr, Carrick and Cumnock
Central Ayrshire
Scottish Parliament Ayr
South of Scotland
List of places
UK
Scotland

Symington is a conservation village in South Ayrshire, Scotland. It is located in Symington Parish, covering 0.41sq Km, and lies close to the A77 road from Ayr to Glasgow. Its church, built in 1160, remains one of the finest examples of a Norman churches in Scotland.[1][2]

Meaning of place-name[edit]

The name of the village and parish of Symington is derived from the person of a Norman Knight, Symon Loccard or Lockhart, who held the barony of Symington lands under Walter fitz Alan, the first Steward in 1165.[3][4][5] The Lockharts of Barr in Galston were a branch of this family.[6] Two other villages in Scotland are named for Simon Lockhart, Symington, South Lanarkshire, and Symington in the Scottish Borders. Stevenston in Ayrshire is named for Steven Loccard or Lockart.

Facilities[edit]

Symington has a primary school, church, a restaurant, War Memorial,[7] an abandoned water tower and a library. The parish covers 3,736 acres and is mainly a farming community.[8]

Buildings[edit]

The Wheatsheaf Inn

The Wheatsheaf Inn (NS 38417 31331) is an 18th-century vernacular building that has been a hostelry since its earliest days; in the days of stage coaches the inn was a posting stage on the route to Ayr.[4][9]

Halfway House

Dating from 1937 this substantial mock-Tudor building was previously a hotel and replaced an inn that was burnt down in 1935.[10]

Broadmeadows House

This Arts & Crafts style house was built in 1931-4 by Noad & Wallace. It is embellished with gargoyles, inscriptions, and other ornamental additions.[10] Broadmeadows is the focus of the residential centre known as Hansel Village.

Symington's churches[edit]

Symington Church showing the 13th century windows.

The Parish Church was founded in the 12th Century by Simon Loccard and is the oldest functioning church in Ayrshire.[4] It belonged to the Trinitarian Monastery at Fail (just outside Tarbolton). The Church was restored in the 18th Century and again in 1919. This restoration by P. MacGregor Chalmers[4] revealed that the earlier alterations of 1797[11] had covered up some fine architectural features, including the 13th century windows[8] and the open-work timber roof. Three windows with semi-circular heads are located in the gable, with heavy hoodmoulds and dog-tooth ornamentation, the finest of their style in Scotland.[4] The base slab of an aumbrey incorporating a piscina sits as the sill of a south-facing window.[4] The church received an addition and alterations in 1797, which increased the accommodation of the building, but detracted considerably from the unspoilt appearance. A belfry, possibly incorporating some medieval work, was erected on the east gable end in the 17th century.[12] Notable stained glass windows are on display, by Gordon Webster, Douglas Strachan, and others. The patronage of the church passed through several hands and was at length acquired by the Earl of Eglinton.[3] The old manse in Kerrix Road is now known as Symington House (NS 38350 31325).[8]

The Free Church[edit]

The Great Disruption of 1843 resulted in a second church being established, at the junction of Main Street and Symington Road, however this has now been demolished.[8] the minister of the parish, George Orr and his congregation, "came out" and for or a time they worshiped in a vacant public house, adapted for the purpose; the minister himself having to live in a rented room in a nearby farm house. The new church and schoolhouse were built in February 1844.[13]

Country houses[edit]

The country seats were Coodham, with its well wooded grounds, sizeable ornamental lake, and once splendid gardens, one mile north-east ; Dankeith, one mile north ; Townend, half-a-mile west ; and Rosemount, one mile and a-half south-west.[14]

Gravestone of Mary Hay Boyd of Townend in Symington Churchyard.
Symington and Helenton Loch
Coodham

In 1826 Mrs William Fairlie, widow of a banker from Calcutta built the mansion house and in total expended £20,000 on various improvements.[14] In the 1870s W. H. Houldsworth Esq owned the property and added a new wing, conservatory and a private chapel.[14] It was known as Williamfield[15] for a time and later the property was renamed 'Fatima House' and became a retreat with a new wing added. Latterly the house was vacated and became ruinous. Coodham is the official name again and nowadays the site of a luxurious development: the category A listed building has been fully restored after a period of dereliction.[16]

In 1850 James Ogilvie Fairlie of Coodham organised a meeting at the Red Lion in Prestwick of fifty-seven gentlemen from the West of Scotland, leading to the formation of the Prestwick Golf Club and as a direct result in 1860 the first Open Championship was held.[17]

Dankeith

First recorded as Dalketh or Freris Dalkeithe this property was given to the Black Friars of Ayr and held by them until the Reformation. Alane of Lawdor had given the lands in memory of his wife.[18] The Cunninghames obtained the lands in 1614 and they held the property until the 1690s, when William Kelso acquired it.[18] In 1839 Lieutenant-Colonel William Kelso was the owner of Dankeith.[13] The Factor's house of the Dankeith Estate was Craigowan House in Brewlands Road.[8] Dankeith House itself was built in 1893, incorporating an earlier building. The estate had a fine range of hothouses.[19] In May 1857 Dankeith was rented by Janet Story, wife of Dr Story. She published her Early Reminiscences in which she comments on her servants, in particular she refers to the daughter of a local gamekeeper in glowing terms she is perfectly lovely; just seventeen, tall with the figure of a nymph, quantities of golden hair, a skin like milk and eyes like the pearls of a forget-me-not. I never saw anyone more exquisite ..[20]

John Kelso Hunter

John Kelso Hunter (1802–1873) was born at Gillhead Cottage, close to Symington cemetery, on the Dankeith Estate and was at first employed here during his indenture as a herd boy, his father being a gardener. John moved to the village of Dundonald and became a respected artist, noted for portraiture. In 1847 he exhibited at the Royal Academy in London before becoming a regular exhibitor at the Royal Scottish Academy for the next 25 years. Hunter published two books: ‘Retrospective of an Artist’s Life’ (1868), and ‘Life Studies of Character’. He is buried in the Southern Necropolis in Glasgow.[21]

In 1932 Dankeith was fire damaged, but restored. In WW2 it was used by the RAF and secret planning meetings for D-day and other allied operations took place here.[22] In 1948 the Roman Catholic Passionist Fathers acquired the property as a retreat, however they sold the property circa 1968 and the site is now a leisure centre, with caravans surrounding the house.[8]

Townend House and Cottage

Hugh Glover held the lands of Townend circa 1701-4 and in 1733 William Kelso of Dankeith sold the lands to George Boyd of East Overloan Farm. William Hay Boyd, Esq. of Her Majesty's 20th Regiment of Infantry in the Crimea[23] and was the owner of Townend House (NS 37652 31552) and estate in 1839.[13] Townend is an 18th-century building with a Victorian Italianate wing. A dated lintel in the walled garden may have come from an earlier building on the site; the old stables, were converted into a small dwelling in the 1960s.[24] In recent times Townend Cottage has functioned as a nursing home,[4] Townend Cottage, circa 1810, situated in the village was its former dower house. The Hay-Boyds gave land for the village hall, a school, and a garden next to the church.[23]

Rosemount

Dr. Fullerton of Rosemount returned from India, circa 1770 and rebuilt the mansion-house at Rosemount, previously known as Goldring, improved the cultivation of the land, and ornamented the grounds with the belts of plantings that are apparent today (2011).

Ordnance Gazetteer entry[edit]

In 1882-4, Francis Groome's Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland described Symington thus:

Symington, a village and a parish in the NW of Kyle district, Ayrshire. The village stands 3½ miles NNE of Monkton station, and 6 SSW of Kilmarnock, under which it has a post office.

The Wheatsheath Inn.
Brewlands Street.

The parish is bounded NE by Riccarton, E by Craigie, S and SW by Monkton, and W and NW by Dundonald. Its utmost length, from NNE to SSW, is 43/8 miles; its breadth varies between 1 and 2¼ miles; and its area is 3736½ acres, of which 11½ are water. In the extreme S the surface declines to close on 100 feet above sea-level; and thence it rises gently to a maximum altitude of 333 feet at a point 21/3 furlongs NNE of the church, from which it sinks again to 201 feet near the Riccarton border. It thus exhibits a pleasing diversity of swells and slopes, and contains many vantage-grounds commanding extensive views of great part of Ayrshire, the Firth of Clyde, and the Isle of Arran. Trap rock has been quarried for road metal, and sandstone for building; whilst limestone and coal exist, but not under profitable conditions. The soil, in general, is of a clayey character., on a hard subsoil. Nearly all the land, except about 300 acres under wood, is regularly or occasionally in tillage. The principal residences are Coodham, Dankeith, Rosemount, and Townend; and 5 proprietors hold each an annual value of £500 and upwards, 5 of between £100 and £500. Symington is in the presbytery of Ayr and the synod of Glasgow and Ayr; the living is worth £350. The parish church is an old building with Norman features, and, as entirely remodelled in 1880, contains 359 sittings. There is also a Free church; and the public school, with accommodation for 132 children, had (1884) an average attendance of 85, and a grant of £69, 16s. Valuation (1860) £6560, (1885) £7104, 5s. 3d. Pop. (1801) 668, (1841) 918, (1861) 855, (1871) 792, (1881) 697.—Ord. Sur., shs. 22, 14, 1865-63.[25]

Archaeology[edit]

A Law or Moot Hill once stood at the foot of the village and upon its removal some iron arrow-heads and horn combs were found.[5] Helenton Moot Hill may have been a fortified site at one time[5] and the Helenton Loch with its associated mill were nearby.

The Slough of Despond[edit]

The old limekiln
The Slough Burn in the Slough of Despond.

On the boundary of Dundonald and Symington parishes lies an area known as the 'Slough of Despond'. The original Slough of Despond is a deep bog in John Bunyan's allegory The Pilgrim's Progress into which the character Christian sinks under the weight of his sins and his sense of guilt for them.

The burn in this area, rising near the old Broadhirst Farm, has long been known as the Slough, the Scots equivalent spelling is Sleugh, meaning a marsh or quagmire. It is not known how the name 'Slough of Despond' was added to the area, however it is recorded since the mid 19th century and may be linked to the nearby limekilns that were generally notorious for the acrid 'hell-like' smoke that issued from them.

The Slough Burn still rises from the marshy area below the Broadhirst Woods, however the limestone quarry that served the limekilns is now abandoned, surviving as an area rich in wildlife, containing old woodland indicator plants such as Wood Anemone (Anemone nemorosa), Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), Wood Sorrel (Oxalis acetosella), Dog's Mercury (Mercurialis perennis), Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum) and other species. The Slough Burn runs down past Dankeith House, Templeton and Fortacres, Todrigs and Caprington, to join the River Irvine near Gatehead.

Micro-history[edit]

Freestone and whinstone are the underlying rocks and the church itself stands on an elevated outcrop.[26]

The parish covered 3725 acres and had a population of 697 in 1881.[26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Visit Scotland Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  2. ^ Symington Parish Church Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  3. ^ a b Genuki Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Campbell, Page 250
  5. ^ a b c Smith, Page 127
  6. ^ Dobie, Page 293
  7. ^ Roll of Honour Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  8. ^ a b c d e f Love, Page 213
  9. ^ Wheatsheaf Inn Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  10. ^ a b Close, Page 53
  11. ^ MacIntosh, Page 244
  12. ^ Canmore Retrieved : 2011-03-06
  13. ^ a b c Family Search Retrieved : 2011-03-08
  14. ^ a b c Ayrshire Roots Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  15. ^ British Listed Buildings Retrieved : 2011-03-10
  16. ^ Coodham Retrieved : 2011-03-05
  17. ^ Allan, Page 26
  18. ^ a b Nimmo, page 40
  19. ^ Dankeith Retrieved : 2011-04-05
  20. ^ Aitchison, Page 25
  21. ^ John Kelso Hunter Retrieved : 2011-03-30
  22. ^ Beattie, Page 33
  23. ^ a b Nimmo, Page 44
  24. ^ British Listed Buildings Retrieved : 2011-03-10
  25. ^ Groome
  26. ^ a b McMichael, Page 51
Sources
  1. Adamson, Archibald R. (1875). Rambles Round Kilmarnock. Kilmarnock : T. Stevenson.
  2. Aitchison, Jean (2001). Servants in Ayrshire 1750-1914. Ayr : AANHS. ISBN 0-9527445-5-4.
  3. Allan, Shiela et al. (2003). Historic Prestwick and its surroundings. Ayr : AANHS. ISBN 0-9542253-1-7.
  4. Beattie, Frank (2011). An Ayrshire Postcard Collection. Chalford : Amberley Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4456-0037-6.
  5. Campbell, Thorbjørn (2003). Ayrshire. A Historical Guide. Edinburgh : Birlinn. ISBN 1-84158-267-0.
  6. Close, Robert (1992). Ayrshire and Arran: An Illustrated Architectural Guide. Pub. Roy Inc Arch Scot. ISBN 1-873190-06-9.
  7. Dobie, James D. (ed Dobie, J.S.) (1876). Cunninghame, Topographized by Timothy Pont 1604–1608, with continuations and illustrative notices. Glasgow: John Tweed.
  8. Groome, Francis H. Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland. London : Caxton.
  9. Love, Dane (2003). Ayrshire : Discovering a County. Ayr : Fort Publishing. ISBN 0-9544461-1-9.
  10. MacIntosh, John (1894). 'Ayrshire Nights' Entertainments. Kilmarnock : Dunlop and Drennan.
  11. McMichael, George (c. 1881 - 1890). Notes on the Way Through Ayrshire and the Land of Burn, Wallace, Henry the Minstrel, and Covenant Martyrs. Hugh Henry : Ayr.
  12. Nimmo, John W. (2003). Symington Village, Church and People. Darvel : Alloway Publishing. ISBN 0-907526-82-9.
  13. Smith, John (1895). Prehistoric Man in Ayrshire. London : Elliot Stock.