Symphony No. 3 "Symphonie Liturgique" (Honegger)

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Symphonie Liturgique is the Third Symphony by the Swiss composer Arthur Honegger.

Composed in the aftermath of World War II, it is one of Honegger's best-known works. It is in three movements, each of which (following the symphony's subtitle) is named after part of the Requiem Mass. The first movement, Dies irae, is marked allegro marcato, and has an aggressive, storm-like quality. The slow movement, De profundis clamavi, is in contrast meditative and lyrical. The finale, Dona nobis pacem, is more episodic, with an insistent, brutal marching rhythm building to a dissonant climax, before a long, lyrical coda concludes the work. A melody resembling the robin song from Jeanne d'Arc au Bûcher, can be heard towards the end of each movement.

Honegger himself wrote an extensive commentary on the work, making explicit the music's connection with the horrors of the War, and the desire for peace.[1]

Written in 1945-46 on a commission from the Foundation Pro Helvetia,[2] Honegger's Third was first performed in Zürich on 17 August 1946 with Charles Munch conducting the Suisse Romande Orchestra. Munch made a live recording of the work in Prague with the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1956, which has been released by the Multisonic label. The symphony has been performed and recorded many times and was a specialty of Herbert von Karajan, who made a recording of it (with Honegger's Second Symphony) in 1969, which is still widely regarded as one of its finest interpretations.[3]

The Symphonie Liturgique has strong thematic similarities with Benjamin Britten's Sinfonia da Requiem written in 1940, although it is in no sense imitative or a reworking of the earlier piece.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liner notes to Complete Honegger Symphonies, Supraphon
  2. ^ Honegger: Symphonies 1-5 • Pacific 231 • Rugby (CD liner notes). Warner Classics, 2006. p. 5. 
  3. ^ http://deutschegrammophon.com/cat/single?sort=newest_rec&PRODUCT_NR=4474352&javascript=1&UNBUYABLE=1&per_page=100&ADD_OTHER=1&COMP_ID=HONAR&ART_ID=KARHE&presentation=list