Symphony in D minor (Bruckner)
|Symphony in D minor|
|by Anton Bruckner|
A portrait of Anton Bruckner, c. 1860
|Date||12 October 1924|
|First recording||1951Henk Spruit, Netherlands Philharmonic Orchestra|
This Symphony in D minor (WAB 100) composed by Anton Bruckner was not assigned a number by its composer, and has subsequently become known by the German designation Die Nullte (translated to The Zeroth or Number Nought in English).
- 1 Composition
- 2 Analysis
- 3 Editions
- 4 Discography
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Bruckner never gave this symphony a number, but long after its composition declared that it "gilt nicht" ("doesn't count") and on one copy of the score he put the symbol "∅". This symbol was later interpreted as a numeral zero. According to the conductor Georg Tintner, this lack of confidence in the work arose from a question by the puzzled conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, Felix Otto Dessoff, who asked Bruckner, "Where is the main theme?"
Because of the designation Die Nullte, biographs Göllerich and Auer felt that it was composed before Symphony No. 1. Against this assumption, the autograph score is dated 24 January to 12 September 1869, and no earlier sketch or single folio of this work has been retrieved.
The work was not premiered until 1924. It is sometimes referred to as "Symphony in D minor, opus posthumous", but in English it is most often called "Symphony No. 0".
It has four movements.
First movement, Allegro
Second movement, Andante
Third movement, Scherzo: Presto – Trio: Langsamer und ruhiger
Unlike later scherzos, this one has a separate coda for the reprise of the Scherzo.
Fourth movement, Finale: Moderato – Allegro vivace
The movement begins with a slow introduction. The theme in the violins,
is accompanied by semiquavers (i.e. sixteenth notes) in the woodwinds (music that shows up again in the development). This gives way to the main theme of the following allegro-movement,
which does double duty as a third theme. The second theme
The first commercial recording of the symphony was by Fritz Zaun with the Berlin State Opera Orchestra in 1933. It included only the scherzo, in the Wöss edition.
The first commercial recording of the complete symphony was by Henk Spruit with the Concert Hall Symphony Orchestra in 1952.
Performances and recordings of the "complete" Bruckner Symphonies often exclude this "nullified" Symphony, most notably excepting the boxed sets of Riccardo Chailly, Eliahu Inbal, Bernard Haitink, Georg Tintner, Gennady Rozhdestvensky, Stanislaw Skrowaczewski and former Chicago Symphony Orchestra conductors Daniel Barenboim and Sir Georg Solti.
- Henk Spruit conducting the Concert Hall Symphony Orchestra, Concert Hall LP CHS 1142, 1952
- This long out-of-print recording has recently been transferred to CD: Klassic Haus CD GSC 010
- Ferdinand Leitner conducting the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra, live performance, Orfeo CD 269921, 1960
- Bernard Haitink conducting the Concertgebouw Orchestra, Philips LP PHS900-131, 1966
- This LP has been later re-issued in the Philips CD box 442 040-2.
- Hortense von Gelmini conducting the Nürnberger Symphoniker, Colosseum LP SM 558, 1975
- This long out-of-print recording has recently been transferred to CD, together with the historical recording of the Windhaager Messe by Wolfgang Riedelbauch: Klassic Haus KHCD 2012-007
- Daniel Barenboim conducting the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, Deutsche Grammophon DG CD 159327, 1979
- Georg Tintner conducting the RTÉ National Symphony Orchestra, Naxos CD 8.554215/6, 1996
- Stanisław Skrowaczewski conducting the Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra, 1999, Arte Nova CD 74321-75510, 1999
- Tatsuya Shimono conducting the Osaka Philharmonic Orchestra, live recording, November 17 & 18, 2005, Symphony Hall, Osaka, Avex Classics SACD AVCL-25099
Tintner, Georg. Recording notes for Anton Bruckner: Symphonies No. 8 and 0, Ireland National Symphony Orchestra conducted by Georg Tintner. Naxos 8.554215-16.
- Hawkshaw, Paul (1983). 19th-Century Music 6 (3): 252–263. doi:10.2307/746590. JSTOR 746590.
- Georg Tintner, leaflet to CD 8.554215-16
- Anonymous. Recording notes for Bruckner: Symphony No. 0 and Motets, SWR Stuttgart Radio Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Sir Neville Mariner.
- Anton Bruckner Critical Complete Edition - Symphony in D minor