Symphony No. 102 (Haydn)

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The Symphony No. 102 in B flat major, Hoboken I/102, is the tenth of the twelve so-called London Symphonies written by Joseph Haydn.

Background[edit]

It was completed in 1794. It is now believed by many scholars to be the symphony at the premiere of which a chandelier fell from the ceiling of the concert hall in which it was performed. Fortunately, the audience escaped unharmed, supposedly because they had rushed the stage. It was long believed that this "Miracle" event took place at the premiere of his Symphony No. 96.[1]

Movements[edit]

The work is in standard four-movement form and scored for two flutes, two oboes, two bassoons, two horns, two trumpets, timpani and strings.[1]

  1. Largo—Vivace
  2. Adagio in F major
  3. Menuetto. Allegro
  4. Finale. Presto

The second movement is an orchestration of the second movement of the F-sharp minor piano trio, Hob. XV/26, transposed from F-sharp major to F major. The repeats in the trio are written out in the symphony, allowing for changes in the orchestration the second time through. The orchestral version also features a rolling triplet accompaniment in the cellos where in the trio the cello simply doubles the piano's bass line.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Steinberg, Michael. "The Symphony: a listeners guide". p. 239-241. Oxford University Press, 1995.
  2. ^ Brown, A. Peter, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 283-286 (2002).

External links[edit]