Symphony No. 2 (Bruckner)
|Symphony No. 2|
|by Anton Bruckner|
A portrait of Anton Bruckner, c. 1860
|Date||26 October 1873|
Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 2 in C minor was completed in 1872, and revised, like most of Bruckner's other symphonies, at various points thereafter.
It was composed after the Symphony "No. 0" in D minor (which was itself composed after the Symphony No. 1 in C minor). It is the only "official" Bruckner symphony (that is to say, excluding "No. 0") without a dedication: Franz Liszt tacitly rejected the dedication, and Richard Wagner chose the Symphony No. 3 in D minor instead. The premiere was given with Bruckner himself conducting in 1873.
- 1 Description
- 2 Versions
- 3 Discography
- 4 References
- 5 External links
The symphony has four movements:
- Moderato, C minor
- Scherzo: Mäßig schnell (Moderately fast), C minor — Trio: Gleiches Tempo (Same tempo), C major (Put in 3rd position in the later versions).
- Feierlich, etwas bewegt (Solemnly, somewhat animated), A-flat major
- Finale: Ziemlich schnell (Fairly fast), C minor
This version has been published in an edition by William Carragan (published 2005). In this version, the Scherzo and slow movement are swapped, the scherzo preceding. It has been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn, Georg Tintner, Simone Young, and Herbert Blomstedt. "Bruckner's mania for revision sometimes bore positive fruits … , but with other works such as the Second and the Third his first versions seem to me the best."
This version, which was used at the premiere, replaces at the end of the Adagio the horn solo – considered unplayable by the hornist – by a clarinet and the violas, deletes repeats in the scherzo and replaces a "very dissonant music transition" in the Finale. This version has been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn.
This version, together with the 1873 version, appears in the Carragan edition of the symphony. It has also been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn.
Haas' edition contains some features of the previous version, which, as in the 1890 version of the 8th symphony, were crossed out by Bruckner in the 1877 manuscript. The edition by William Carragan (published 1997) is a corrected Nowak edition. Most recordings of the symphony are made of the Haas and Nowak versions. The Carragan edition has been recorded by Daniel Barenboim.
This version was edited by Cyrill Hynais. Until recently it was thought to be inauthentic, however Carragan has showed that it corresponds closely to the 1877 version. A cut version of the scherzo of this version was used in the first recording of this symphony, by Fritz Zaun in 1934. There is a single full recording of this version, which has been performed by Hermann Scherchen with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra in 1965.
The first commercial recording of part of the symphony was made by Fritz Zaun with the Berlin State Opera Orchestra in 1934. It contained only a cut version of the scherzo, in the 1892 first published edition.
The first commercial recording was by Volkmar Andreae with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra in 1953, also using the Haas edition. The first recording on Hybrid SACD was by Simone Young conducting the Hamburg Philharmonic.
- Georg Tintner conducting the RTÉ National Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1996, Naxos
- Simone Young conducting the Hamburg Philharmonic Orchestra, 2006, BMG SACD
- Gerd Schaller conducting the Philharmonie Festiva, live recording, Profil PH 12022, 2011
- Herbert Blomstedt conducting the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, 2012, Querstand SACD
- Franz Konwitschny conducting the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra, live recording, 1951, Berlin Classics
- Horst Stein conducting the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, studio recording, 1973, Decca/London
- Christoph Eschenbach conducting the Houston Symphony Orchestra, live recording, 1996, Koch
- Carlo Maria Giulini conducting the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1974, Testament
- Eugen Jochum conducting the Staatskapelle Dresden, studio recording, 1980, EMI
- Herbert von Karajan conducting the Berliner Philharmoniker, studio recording, 1981, Deutsche Grammophon
- Stanisław Skrowaczewski conducting the Saarbrücken Radio Symphony Orchestra, studio recording, 1999, Arte Nova/Oehms Classics
- Herman Scherchen conducting the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, 1965, Disco Archivia CD
- William Carragan - Time analysis of versions 1872 and 1877
- Tintner's booklet, recording of the 1872 version, Naxos CD 8.554006, 1996
- Stephen Johnson, "Bruckner: guilty or not guilty?", The Independent, 10 Januari 1996
- Anton Bruckner Critical Complete Edition - Symphony No. 2 in C minor
- Symphony No. 2: Free scores at the International Music Score Library Project
- Full score (Haas/1877) at the Indiana University school of music
- Bruckner Symphony Versions
- Complete discography of the symphony
- Essay by Dr. Benjamin-Gunnar Cohrs on the Editions of Symphony No. 2