Symphony No. 2 (Bruckner)

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Symphony No. 2
by Anton Bruckner
Bruckner circa 1860.jpg
A portrait of Anton Bruckner, c. 1860
Key C minor
Catalogue WAB 102
Composed
  • 1871 (1871)–1872 (1872) –
  • 1875 (1875)–1876 (1876) –
  • 1890 (1890)
Published
  • 1892 (1892) (ed. Wöss)
  • 1938 (1938) (ed. Robert Haas)
  • 1965 (1965) (ed. Leopold Nowak)
  • 1997 (1997) (ed. William Carragan) (1877 version)
  • 2005 (2005) (ed. William Carragan) (1877 version)
Movements 4
Premiere
Date 20 February 1876 (1876-02-20)
Location Vienna
Conductor Bruckner
Performers Vienna Philharmonic
First recording 1953 (1953) Volkmar Andreae, Vienna Symphony Orchestra

Anton Bruckner's Symphony No. 2 in C minor was completed in 1872, and revised, like most of Bruckner's other symphonies, at various points thereafter.

It was composed after the Symphony No. 0 in D minor (which was itself composed after the Symphony No. 1 in C minor). It is the only "official" Bruckner symphony (that is to say, excluding No. 0) without a dedication: Franz Liszt tacitly rejected the dedication, and Richard Wagner chose the Symphony No. 3 in D minor instead. The premiere was given with Bruckner himself conducting in 1873.

Description[edit]

The score calls for a pair each of flutes, oboes, clarinets, bassoons, four horns, two trumpets, three trombones, timpani, and strings.

The symphony has four movements:

  1. Moderato, C minor
  2. Scherzo: Mäßig schnell (Moderately fast), C minor  — Trio: Gleiches Tempo (Same tempo), C major (Put in 3rd position in the later versions).
  3. Feierlich, etwas bewegt (Solemnly, somewhat animated), A-flat major
  4. Finale: Ziemlich schnell (Fairly fast), C minor

Versions[edit]

1872 Version[edit]

This version has been published in an edition by William Carragan (published 2005).[1] In this version, the Scherzo and slow movement are swapped, the scherzo preceding. It has been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn, Georg Tintner, Simone Young, and Herbert Blomstedt. "Bruckner's mania for revision sometimes bore positive fruits … , but with other works such as the Second and the Third his first versions seem to me the best."[2]

1873 Version[edit]

This version, which was used at the premiere, replaces at the end of the Adagio the horn solo – considered unplayable by the hornist – by a clarinet and the violas, and deletes repeats in the scherzo. It has been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn.

1876 Version[edit]

This version, together with the 1873 version, appears in the Carragan edition of the symphony. It has also been recorded by Kurt Eichhorn.

1877 Version[edit]

The editions by Robert Haas (published 1938) and Leopold Nowak (published 1965) are both based on this version.

Haas' edition contains some features of the previous version, which, as in the 1890 version of the 8th symphony,[3] were crossed out by Bruckner in the 1877 manuscript. The edition by William Carragan (published 1997) is a corrected Haas' edition. Most recordings of the symphony are made of the Haas and Nowak versions. The Carragan edition has been recorded by Daniel Barenboim.

1892 First Published Version[edit]

This version was edited by Cyrill Hynais. Until recently it was thought to be inauthentic, however Carragan has showed that it corresponds closely to the 1877 version. A cut version of the scherzo of this version was used in the first recording of this symphony, by Fritz Zaun in 1934. There is a single full recording of this version, which has been performed by Hermann Scherchen with the Toronto Symphony Orchestra in 1965.

Discography[edit]

The first commercial recording of part of the symphony was made by Fritz Zaun with the Berlin State Opera Orchestra in 1934. It contained only a cut version of the scherzo, in the 1892 first published edition.

The oldest surviving complete performance is by Georg-Ludwig Jochum with the Bruckner Orchestra of Linz. It dates from 1944 and uses the Haas edition.

The first commercial recording was by Volkmar Andreae with the Vienna Symphony Orchestra in 1953, also using the Haas edition. The first recording on Hybrid SACD was by Simone Young conducting the Hamburg Philharmonic.

Notable recordings[edit]

1872 version[edit]

1873 version[edit]

1876 version[edit]

1877 version[edit]

Haas edition[edit]
Nowak edition[edit]
Carragan edition[edit]

1892 version[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]