Symphony No. 6 (Mozart)
Symphony No. 6 in F major, K. 43, was composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1767. According to Alfred Einstein in his 1937 revision of the Köchel catalogue, the symphony was probably begun in Vienna and completed in Olomouc, a Moravian town to which the Mozart family fled to escape a Viennese smallpox epidemic; see Mozart and smallpox.
The symphony is in four movements, and is Mozart's first in the key of F. Its initial performance was at Brno on 30 December 1767 The autograph of the score is today preserved in the Biblioteka Jagiellońska in Kraków.
Movements and instrumentation
The instrumentation for the first performance was: 2 flutes; 2 oboes; 2 horns; bassoon; strings and keyboard continuo. The flutes are used in the second movement in place of the oboes. For the first time in a symphony, Mozart uses two obligatory viola parts.
The symphony was included in a concert arranged by Count von Schrattenbach, brother of the Archbishop of Salzburg, given by the Mozart family on 30 December 1767 at the Taverna in Brno. A local clergyman recorded: "I attended a musical concert in a house in the city known as the "Taverna", at which a Salzburg boy of eleven years and his sister of fifteen years, accompanied on various instruments by inhabitants of Brno, excited everyone's admiration"
Notes and references
- Zaslaw, pp. 109–112
- Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus; Giglberger, Veronika (preface), Robinson, J. Branford (transl.) (2005). Die Sinfonien I. Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag. pp. X. ISMN M-006-20466-3
- Neue Mozart-Ausgabe (Score)
- Brown, A. Peter, The Symphonic Repertoire (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 350-351 (2002).
- Kenyon, p. 143
- Leopold Mozart, the 11-year-old Wolfgang Amadeus, and the 15-year-old Maria
- Quoted by Zaslaw, pp. 111–12 from O. E. Deutsch
- Zaslaw, Neal: Mozart's Symphonies:Context, Performance Practice, Reception OUP, Oxford 1991 ISBN 0-19-816286-3
- Kenyon, Nicholas: The Pegasus Pocket Guide to Mozart Pegasus Books, New York 2006 ISBN 1-933648-23-6
- Sinfonie in F KV 43: Score and critical report (German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe
- Symphony No. 6: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project, free according to the copyright law of Canada