Symphony Nova Scotia
|Symphony Nova Scotia|
Bernhard Gueller and the musicians at the Dalhousie Arts Centre, 2010.
|Location||Halifax, Nova Scotia|
|Concert hall||Dalhousie Arts Centre|
|Principal conductor||Bernhard Gueller|
Symphony Nova Scotia traces its origins back to several different orchestras, including the Halifax Symphony (1897–1908, 1955–1968), the Halifax Sinfoniette (1947–1955), and the Atlantic Symphony Orchestra (1968–1984). Its current structure began in 1983 with 13 full-time musicians. Today, under the leadership of Music Director Bernhard Gueller, it is the largest employer in Nova Scotia’s cultural community, employing 37 musicians and ten administrative staff, along with over 150 contracted artistic, production and technical personnel. It has won four East Coast Music Awards for classical music.
Orchestral lineage 
The first recognized orchestra in Nova Scotia, the Halifax Symphony Orchestra, was formed in 1897. This orchestra, led by conductor Max Weil, reached a membership of 39 musicians and performed four to five concerts each season. The orchestra disbanded in 1908 with Weil’s departure.
In 1947 another orchestra was created in Nova Scotia through the efforts of Walter Kaufmann and Alfred Strombergs as well as Mariss Vetra and Dr. Srul Tulio Laufer. Backed by the Nova Scotia Opera Association, the orchestra primarily served as accompaniment for opera and ballet performances. Formally named the Halifax Sinfoniette in 1951, the group of 13 professional musicians was led by Strombergs until 1955.
In 1955 the Sinfoniette became the second incarnation of the Halifax Symphony Orchestra. The orchestra began under music director Thomas Mayer with 17 full-time musicians (often augmented by members from the Royal Canadian Artillery Band and the Stadacona Navy Band). By 1966 the orchestra had 35 full-time members and presented about 70 concerts annually. Conductors included Jonathan Sternberg (1957–58), Leo Mueller (1958–64), and John Fenwick (1964–67).
When the Halifax Symphony Orchestra and New Brunswick Symphony Orchestra (founded in 1962) were both disbanded in 1968, the Atlantic provinces came together to create the 48-member Atlantic Symphony Orchestra, a regional orchestra designed to tour the four provinces.
Despite the Atlantic Symphony Orchestra’s popularity, it suffered from high costs, declining government and corporate support, and a lengthy labour dispute in 1979. The orchestra declared bankruptcy in 1983.
In October 1983 Symphony Nova Scotia was created under the direction of conductor Boris Brott and Board president Brian Flemming.
The original Symphony Nova Scotia hired a core of 13 full-time players for a January–May season. In its second season the number of employed musicians doubled, and by 1987 the orchestra had grown to a complement of 39. Boris Brott is the only Canadian to be appointed music director of Symphony Nova Scotia.
Under Georg Tintner, 1987-94 
Austrian conductor Georg Tintner succeeded Boris Brott in 1987. Under his leadership, Symphony Nova Scotia made six recordings, toured to Ontario and Quebec, and won and initiated several community outreach programs, including a production of The Nutcracker in collaboration with Halifax Dance and Mermaid Theatre of Nova Scotia.
The orchestra also made a step towards sustainability in 1992 with a fundraising event called Pure Gold. Featuring violinist Isaac Stern and contralto Maureen Forrester, the event raised $140,000 for the newly-created Symphony Nova Scotia Foundation.
Tintner served as Symphony Nova Scotia’s principal conductor until 1994. He continued to support Symphony Nova Scotia as Conductor Laureate until 1999.
In spite of the successes under Tintner, the orchestra struggled financially and artistically during a period of severe cutbacks in government funding. Despite valiant attempts to cut costs by imposing wage freezes on the orchestra and staff and cutting the season to 27 weeks, by 1995 the Symphony was forecasting an accumulated deficit of $900,000.
To address the immediate cash flow crisis, the Board of Directors, after consulting with staff and musicians, chose to restructure the organization rather than to shut the orchestra down. The orchestra members donated their services for two weeks during a provincial tour with a young fiddler from Cape Breton, Natalie MacMaster. The administrative staff was reduced and reorganized, and Raffi Armenian was hired as Interim Artistic Director until American conductor Leslie Dunner was chosen to take the podium in 1996-97.
In 1996-97 the orchestra opted to re-establish programming elements recognized as essential to the community such as free public concerts and school visits, previously pared to save costs.
1998-99 was Dunner’s last season as Music Director with the orchestra, and a search began for a new conductor. In spite of the sudden loss of Conductor Laureate and Artistic Advisor Georg Tintner in October 1999, orchestra, staff and Board members worked together to make artistic decisions until Simon Streatfeild was hired as Artistic Advisor in May 2000.
Under Bernhard Gueller, 2002-present 
After an intensive international search, a new Music Director was announced in July 2002. German conductor Bernhard Gueller began his inaugural season in September of that year.
Gueller was assisted from 2005-2008 by the orchestra’s conductor-in-residence, Sri-Lankan-born Dinuk Wijeratne. In 2008, when Wijeratne had completed his Canada Council-funded term with the orchestra, Cape Breton native Martin MacDonald was appointed as the new resident conductor. MacDonald completed his term in May 2011, when Israeli-born Shalom Bard was selected as his successor. Jonathan Govias was then selected as resident conductor for the 2012-13 season.
Symphony Nova Scotia presently employs 37 full-time musicians for a 33-week season.
The orchestra has recently renewed a focus on touring, regularly traveling to communities across the province and incorporating a full concert series in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia. Community engagement and outreach initiatives also continue to grow as the orchestra develops projects with partners from the educational, artistic, heritage and ethnic communities.
The orchestra has been praised for its versatility and flexibility, and for performances in a variety of styles. Conductor and arranger Howard Cable calls Symphony Nova Scotia “the most versatile orchestra in Canada,” and the Chronicle Herald has said that, “they can play it all: Beethoven, Shostakovich, Hatzis and Current, as well as Tommy Dorsey, Scott Macmillan, Rose Cousins, Buck 65 and Natalie MacMaster.”
Symphony Nova Scotia's education programs reach over 15,000 elementary, junior, and senior high school students each year. The Symphony also conducts accessible community programs, including pre-concert chats, performances in local public libraries, and free community concerts.
Cross-over collaborations 
Symphony Nova Scotia has been recognized as a forward-thinking orchestra for their collaborations with popular and folk music artists. According to CBC Canada Live broadcaster Andrew Craig, “Symphony Nova Scotia simply proves that orchestras can evolve, and that there is no loss of artistic integrity in promoting the music of living composers, pop or otherwise.” 
Pops collaborations in recent years include:
- Hip hop artist Buck 65 (2008)
- Celtic fiddlers Natalie MacMaster (1995, 1996, 2009), Ashley MacIsaac (2010), and Richard Wood (2011)
- Pop-rock trio Mir (2009)
- Singer-songwriters Jill Barber (2008) Gordie Sampson (2008), Jenn Grant (2010, 2011), David Myles (2010), Meaghan Smith (2011), Erin Costelo (2011), Basia Bulat (2010), the Sons of Maxwell (2011), Hawksley Workman (2011), Amelia Curran (2011), and Sarah Slean (2012).
- Indie pop icons Owen Pallett (2009), Dan Mangan (2012)
- Local artists Carmen Townsend, Ben Caplan, and Carleton Stone (2012)
- Songwriter and TV personality Steve Smith from The Red Green Show (2010)
- Soul singer Dutch Robinson (2011)
- 1992 - Opportunity Knocks, Howard Cable, conductor (CBC Records)
- 1994 - Music of Frederick Delius, Georg Tintner, conductor (CBC Records)
- 1995 - Beethoven, Vaughan Williams, Bales, Georg Tintner, conductor (CBC Maritimes)
- 1997 - Late Romantics, Georg Tintner, conductor (CBC Records)
- 2001 - MacKinnons' Brook Suite, Scott MacMillan, conductor (Warner Music Group)
- 2003 - Seasons' Celebration, Howard Cable, conductor (CBC Records)
- 2003 - Tintner Memorial Collection (Naxos Records)
- Vol 1: Mozart Symphonies No. 31, 35 and 40
- Vol 2: Schubert Symphonies No. 8, 9
- Vol 3: Beethoven Symphony No. 4- Schumann Symphony No. 2
- Vol 4: Haydn Symphonies Nos. 103, 104
- Vol 5: Brahms Symphony No. 3, Serenade No. 2
- Vol 6: Beethoven Symphony No. 3 - Sibelius Symphony No. 7
- Vol 7: Mozart Idomeneo Overture, Symphonies Nos. 34, 41
- Vol 10: Music of Frederick Delius. 1994 (re-release)
- Vol 11: Mozart Marches & Dances, Les Petits Riens
- Vol 12: Down Under
- 2006 - Dancing in the Light, Bernhard Gueller, conductor (CBC Records)
- 2010 - Music and Image - Atlantic Film Festival East Coast Music Association (Take 6), Dinuk Wijeratne, conductor (Warner Music Canada)
- 2011 - O Canada: A Celebration of Our National Anthem, Bernhard Gueller, conductor (CBC/Radio-Canada)
- 2012 - The Barra MacNeils with Symphony Nova Scotia (Live), Martin MacDonald, conductor (Fontana Records)
Recent CBC recordings for radio broadcast 
2011/12 Season 
- April 13, 2012: "Sarah Slean" concert, featuring Sarah Slean (piano, vocals). *Parts of this concert were also video recorded for television broadcast.*
- February 9, 2012: "East Meets West" concert, featuring Ed Hanley, tabla.
- October 21, 2011: Halifax Pop Explosion: Amelia Curran, featuring Amelia Curran, (guitar, vocals).
2010/11 Season 
- April 28, 2011: Edvard Grieg’s Piano Concerto, featuring Jon Kimura Parker, piano.
- April 7/10, 2011: Derek Charke’s Symphony no. 1, “Transient Energies.”
- March 24, 2011: “Mozart’s Jupiter” concert, featuring Avan Yu, piano.
- February 10, 2011: “Elizabeth Bishop in Word & Music” concert, featuring Suzie LeBlanc, soprano.
- January 27, 2011: Saint-Saëns’ Violin Concerto no. 3, featuring Jonathan Crow, violin.
- January 21, 2011: Concert collaboration with Erin Costelo (vocals, piano) and Meaghan Smith (vocals, guitar).
- November 25, 2010: “Piano Prodigy Jan Lisiecki” concert, featuring Jan Lisiecki, piano.
- October 1, 2010: “Red Green: With Strings Attached” concert, featuring Steve Smith (comedian) and Morag Smith.
2009/10 Season 
- May 2, 2010: “Antonin Dvořák Festival: From the New World” concert, featuring Giora Schmidt, violin.
- April 29, 2010: “Antonin Dvořák Festival: The Cello Concerto” concert, featuring Matt Haimovitz, cello.
- March 11, 2010: “Left-Handed Concerto” concert, featuring Katherine Chi.
- February 19, 2010: Concert collaboration with Jenn Grant, vocals.
- November 27, 2010: “A Soldier’s Carol” concert, featuring Mir (band).
- October 23, 2010: “Final Fantasy” concert, featuring Owen Pallett, violin/piano/electronics.
Awards and nominations 
- 1995 - East Coast Music Award for Music of Frederick Delius
- 1998 – East Coast Music Award for Late Romantics
- 2000 – Music Industry Association of Nova Scotia Special Recognition Award
- 2002 – East Coast Music Award for MacKinnon's Brook Suite
- 2004 – East Coast Music Award nomination for Tintner Memorial Edition Vol. 1
- 2004 – East Coast Music Award nomination for Seasons' Celebration des saisons
- 2007 – East Coast Music Award nomination for Dancing in the Light
Educational programs 
- School and Public Open Rehearsals
- Pre-Concert Chats
- School Matinees
- Library Series
- In-School Concerts
- Musical Munchkins
- Pederson, Stephen (March 29, 2009). "Symphony's Queen concert, Gueller brilliant". The Chronicle Herald.
- "Who We Are". About Symphony Nova Scotia. Symphony Nova Scotia. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- Craig, Andrew. "Meaghan Smith and Erin Costelo do the orchestral mash". Canada Live. CBC Radio 2. Retrieved 11 May 2011.