|This article relies on references to primary sources. (February 2011)|
Symphony OS with Mezzo
|Company / developer||Symphony OS Project|
|Working state||Active - Coming out of Dormancy|
|Source model||Open source|
|Latest unstable release||14.0 Developer Build / January 22, 2014|
|Default user interface||Mezzo, Conductor|
|Official website||Symphony OS Project Website|
Symphony OS, SymphonyOne or Symphony Linux, is a Live CD Linux-based operating system, developed by Ryan Quinn, Jason Spisak, and Alexander Drummond. The distribution was dormant until 29 June 2011, when a new build was released.
At first, Symphony OS was based on Knoppix. Since its May 2006 release it is no longer based on Knoppix, but rather on Debian unstable, and features a functional hard drive installer. Symphony OS 2007 Preview, was based on Ubuntu 7.04. SymphonyOne was released on April 1, 2008. The release of version 2008.1 is based on Ubuntu 7.10.
The primary difference between Symphony OS and other distributions is the addition of the Mezzo desktop environment. This environment, like other aspects of Symphony, was designed with an eye towards extreme simplicity and usability. An example is that WLAN-Networks can work automatically with no user action. Symphony also includes its own Mozilla-driven application environment, called Orchestra.
Symphony OS uses a custom packaging system utilizing the *.sym package format; through a simple GUI a user may install any application in the Symphony library without dealing with "dependency hell". Because Symphony is Debian-based, it also supports the Debian package format.
Orchestra is made up of two main parts: a lightweight localhost-only HTTP server written in Perl, and a slimmed down Mozilla renderer. Because Mozilla is used as the base for rendering Orchestra, applications can utilize the following technologies:
- Plain HTML
- Perl and CGI
- Java applets (using a plugin)
- Macromedia Flash applications (using a plugin)
- Embedded media players (using a plugin)
- XUL interfaces
Mezzo is the desktop environment created by Ryan Quinn based on designs by Jason Spisak. Added to Symphony OS, it aims to pose a new way of presenting data to the user. Mezzo disposes of standard concepts like "The desktop is a folder" and nested menu systems and instead presents all needed information directly to the user via the main desktop and four desk targets for tasks and files related to System, Programs, Files, and Trash. The developers claim that this makes the desktop easier to use. A new desktop environment called Conductor is under development.
Symphony OS 4
Symphony OS has come out of its dormant stage working on a new release scheduled for some time in 2013. This release is being built off of Ubuntu 13.04 and features a redone version of Mezzo making the OS comparable in design to Android (Operating System) and the other tablet operating systems. The creator behind Symphony OS has mentioned on the distributions website, symphonyos.com, has stated plans for the creation of an app-market through the use of Advanced Packaging Tool's apt-url option. No official release date has been given.
- Official website
- symphonylinux or symphonyos on Google code
- Symphony OS (@symphonyos) on Twitter
- Symphony OS Project on Facebook
- Conductor Preview
- Symphony OS Project Blog