Symphysanodon

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Symphysanodon
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Percoidei
Superfamily: Percoidea
Family: Symphysanodontidae
Genus: Symphysanodon
Bleeker, 1878
Species

12, see text

The Symphysanodontidae, the slopefishes, are a family of small marine fishes, with only the genus Symphysanodon.[1] Most are found in the Indo-Pacific, but three species, S. berryi, S. mona, and S. octoactinus, are found in the Western Atlantic.[2] They are found on rocky reefs at depths of 50–700 m (160–2,300 ft).

Description[edit]

The largest species of Symphysanodon can reach 20 cm (7.9 in) in length.[2] Their bodies are slender and compressed, with blunt snouts. They are red, pink, oranges or yellow in colour. The caudal fin is usually distinctively forked. The dorsal fins have 9 dorsal spines and 10 soft rays, whereas the anal fin has three anal spines and seven or eight soft rays.[3]

Species[edit]

These species are included in genus Symphysanodon:[4][5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2010). "Symphysanodontidae" in FishBase. January 2010 version.
  2. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). Species of Symphysanodon in FishBase. June 2012 version.
  3. ^ Anderson, W.D. Kent E. Carpenter, ed. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Atlantic. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes 2. Charleston: United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. pp. 1304–1307. ISBN 92-5-104826-6. ISSN 1020-6868. Retrieved 24 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "Symphysanodon". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 23 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Anderson, W.D., Jr., & Bineesh, K.K. (2011). "A new species of the perciform fish genus Symphysanodon (Symphysanodontidae) from the Arabian Sea off the southwestern coast of India." Zootaxa 2966: 31-36.