|Location||Mizhhiria Raion, Zakarpattia Oblast|
|Primary outflows||1 (subterrainian)|
|Surface area||4-7 ha (10-17 acre)|
|Average depth||8-10 m (27 -32 ft)|
|Max. depth||22 m (72 ft)|
|Surface elevation||989 m (3,245 ft)|
|Islands||"Sea Eye" (small island)
Lake Synevyr (Ukrainian: о́зеро Синеви́р) is the biggest lake in the Carpathian Mountains of Ukraine. It is located in Mizhhiria Raion, Zakarpattia Oblast not far from a village of Synevyr Poliana and is the part of the National natural preserve "Synevyr" which was established in 1989. Scientists estimate that the lake appeared 10 thousands years ago. In 2008 the lake was recognized as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine.
The lake Synevir is located in the west-northern part of the National Nature Park Synevir near the foothills of the Ozerna Mount (1,495 m). It belongs to the region of Pryvododilni Gorgany and is located at the height of 989 meters over the sea level. The lake was created in the post- Ice Age period (around 10 thousands years ago) due to a powerful shift of an indigenous sandstone from the southern slope of Krasna Mount, when it blocked a narrow stream valley.
Nonetheless, after the shift the waters found their way in the not very dense body of the dam and the lake became flowing. Its waters outflow underground and exiting on a surface 350 meters to the west of the lake and 60 meters lower of its ridge level mark.
The bowl of the lake fill majorly two streams. The level water in the basin constantly changes: increases during rain showers and intensive snow thaw, and decreases during winter and none-rainy season. The amplitude of the water level fluctuations in the lake reaches 4 to 4.5 meters. Respectively there changes the area of the water surface from 4.5 to 7.5 ha as well as the biggest depth from 18 to 23.5 meters.
Scientists estimated that the lake was created in the result of a powerful techtonic shift that was caused by an earthquake. The forest around the lake is believed to be 140–160 years old. There is a very small island in the middle of the lake with an area of a few meters which is called the Sea Eye (Morske Oko). The island has been flooded for sometime. The legend states that the lake appeared (2485 moons ago) out of the tears of one of count's daughters Syn, because her love, the Verkhovynian cowboy Vir, was killed by the order of the count, her father.
Architect Yuriy Solomin (Юрій Соломін) decorated the area around the lake, with contributions of the sculptors Ivan Brodin (Іван Бродин) and Mykhailo Sanych (Михайло Санич), who created the red tree sculptural composition "Syn and Vir" (Syn i Vir). The composition is 13 meters tall (~40 ft) and rests upon a steel base. Swimming, camping, and fishing at that lake is prohibited. All the services that the park offers cost around $1 (₴ 5, 2008). There is a scenic path around the lake, which is rather round. Along the path park guests will find a few gazebos and a "rest house". There is also a horse-back riding service that takes you on a trail ride around the lake.
- Overview (Slovak)
- Cool blog at one of the travel sites (Ukrainian)
- Video presentation on youtube (Ukrainian)