Synizesis

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For the term in biology, see Synizesis (biology).

Synizesis (/ˌsɪnəˈzsɪs/) is a sound change (metaplasm) in which two originally syllabic vowels are pronounced as a single syllable without change in writing.[1] In Latin and Greek, this was often to preserve meter, but similar changes occur naturally in languages.

A tie may be used to represent this pronunciation: dē͡hinc (i.e., deinc).

Examples[edit]

Greek[edit]

Homer:

Iliad 1.1–2 μῆνιν ἄειδε θεὰ Πηληϊάδε͡ω Ἀχιλῆος
οὐλομένην
Mênin áeide theā̀ Pēlēïáde͡ō Akhilêos
ouloménēn

Latin[edit]

Vergil's Aeneid:

1.41 ūnĭus ob noxam et furiās Aiācis Oīlē͡ī?
1.131 Eurum ad sē Zephyrumque vocat, dē͡hinc tālia fātur
6.412 dēturbat laxatque forōs; simul accipit alve͡ō

Etymology[edit]

Synizesis comes from the Greek συνίζησις "a sitting together" from σύν "with" and ἵζω "I sit".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greenough, J. B. (2001) [1903], Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar (Focus ed.), Newburyport, MA: Focus Publishing, p. 392 (§603 c. n.), ISBN 1-58510-042-0 ; Smyth, Herbert Weir (1984) [1920], Greek Grammar, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. 19–20 (§60–61), ISBN 0-674-36250-0