Sypniewski

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The surname Sypniewski is of Polish origin and centered on the Oder region where families bearing this surname are still found today. Sypniewskis can also be found all over the world, particularly in the United States, Brazil, and Germany.

"Sypniewski" roughly translates as "one who originates from Sypniewo' - (that is from Sypien's settlement). There are several manorial estates which bear the name of Sypniewo or a similar spelling as in the German "Zippnow".

Sypniewski Prince Jozef

Etymology[edit]

The etymology of 'Sypien' suggests the use of water in association with the making or use of a clay vessel or fortification and the breeding or capture of fish. In short, the origins suggest a clan that lived either in a fortified place on or near water (rivers/lakes) or who kept game and fisheries. In all likelihood both options apply. Most of the old manorial estates bearing the name Sypniewo are located near or on a lake or river (i.e. Lake Margonin). In German the name is translated as 'Seeort' (place on the lake).

Nobility patent, manorial estates and origins[edit]

The Sypniewskis belong to Pomeranian nobility, Polish Szlachta (nobility) and Prussian and Austrian nobility (after partition of Poland), and, although mentioned already c. 1390 and earlier (as Siebnitz and/or Zipniv Pomeranian family), obtained a formal Polish nobility patent in writing from the king Casimir IV Jagiellon, who granted them the right to keep and use the Odrowąż coat of arms in 1480. Zlota Ksiega Szlachty Polskiej ("Golden Book of Polish Nobility") states that the Sypniewski - Odrowaz arms are said to have come from the Podgórze region, recorded around 1190 (there are still few Sypniewski families owning land and living in this area today). Their further nobility confirmations through Bonifacius Sypniewski is dated in 1483 and confirmed in German Nobility Book. A Jan Sypniewski resettled in the Brzesko-Litewskie province (presently part of Lithuania, back then center of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), and branches are found in Poznań, Nowy Sącz, and Prussia. Around the 16th century, the Sypniewski family is found living in Greater Poland owning large manorial estates there, and later we find them in West Prussia on the estate of Zmijewie (Kojalowicz, Niesiecki, Goluchowski).

Various other documents found in Polish archives refer to the family and its holdings in and around, what was later to become, the Silesian and Prussian/German/Polish border. On the division of Poland in the 18th century, the Sypniewski family is then also mentioned as Prussian nobility, and is found in Siebmacher's Wappenbuch under the Odrowąż armories.

In the 14th century, a branch of the Prussian family von Runge (originating from an area around Wroclav/Breslau) adopted the surname Sypniewski.

At the turn of the 16th, and again at the 18th to 19th century, the family split into various and distinct branches, with some members moving to the Austrian province of Galicia (holding the Austrian title Ritter von Odrowaz or Ritter von Sypniewski (see also Ritter) granted by the Empress Maria Theresia), near the Ukraine and Moldavia, then on to Hungary and the Balkans. This Austrian branch produced several k.u.k. officers from the famous Theresian Military Academy in Vienna.

Sypniewski family church in Sypniewo

Estates[edit]

Sypniewski estate at Skoraszewice

One of the earliest recorded Sypniewski's estate transfers is from 1392, when Dobieslaw von Runge married daughter of Janek from Sypniewo (Polish: Janek z Sypniewa / Janek Sypniewski, German: Johannes von Zippnow) and received Sypniewo (German: Zippnow) in dowry, as well as wedding promise of building first church there (it was completed and expanded in next decades). It is not known when exactly von Runge adopted his wife's family name, but most of their children were already known to use Sypniewski family name.
Several estates called Sypniewo (which means in Polish "the Sypniewski's Estate" or "Sypniewski's town") still exist today, such as estate south of Samotschin in the former Kreis Chodziesen/Kolmar in Posen, and larger holding called Sypniewo (Zippnow) located north of Samotschin, in Złotów county. One of their largest estates near Wyrzysk was sold to King Frederick the Great in 1774. Most of Sypniewski's estates were located in former West Prussia, now part of Wielkopolska and Pomorze, Poland. Wielkopolska, or Greater Poland, is referred to as the home of the Polanie (a Slavic tribe that lived in the heart of Poland); it also contains some of the oldest towns in today's Poland.

"Sypniewskis at Palace in Homel", oil on canvass painting, c. 1850

Sypniewskis also had estates in Polesie, formerly the largest province of Poland (currently part of Belarus and Ukraine), several near the city of Żytomierz and large manorial estate crowned with beautiful palace until the end of the 18th century near the city of Homel; only portion of the cellars and some of the foundations in the ground is what remains today from this once wealthy estate, which used to provide living for about 500 peasant families.
Politician Jan Odrowaz-Sypniewski was born there around 1760. He was a legate of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth's Great Parliament and one of the promotors of the first in Europe democratic Constitution of May 3, 1791 (and second in the world, after the United States Constitution). His grandson, Dyonizy Odrowaz-Sypniewski, an architect, exiled to United States and U.K., where he published - at his own expenses - many treatises and political books regarding Partitions of Poland and advocated for restitution of Poland in general.[1][2] His avid anti-Russian, anti-Prussian and anti-Austrian activities didn't go well with U.K. government (all 3 countries being allies of British Empire at the time). Once he became persona non grata in Britain and was forced to leave the country, he settled in Brasil, where he built roads and bridges.
Polesie was inhabited by Ruthenians, called Polesians; of Ukrainian descent. During the 16th and 17th centuries, Sypniewski were found in Polesia as a notable family mentioned in the Listracje (inventories) similar to the registry of England's Domesday Book. The Partitions of Poland and turbulent times of 18th and 19th centuries have forced many Polish families to emigrate to other regions of Europe (particularly Prussia) and later to emigrate further across the Oceans. Among many others: Heinrich Sypniewski from Cologne had a Eucalyptus farm in Brazil; Maria Anna Sypniewski from Bydgodzcz settled in Australia in 1835; Thaddeus Sypniewski landed in Halifax, Nova Scotia, then moved to Pennsylvania in 1850; Heinrich Sypniewski, Colonel of Austrian Empire Army, have been exiled/imprisoned in Siberia after the end of 1863 Polish January Uprising and killed there in 1866 (presumably in Uprising of Polish political exiles in Siberia). Julian Sypniewski tried to establish large farm in United States in 1876 (see California links below).

Sypniewskis could also be found near Bydgoszcz (German: Bromberg) and Wroclaw (German: Breslau) in the manor of Skoraszewice until World War II. Others were in Vienna, Passau, Nuremberg, Cologne, Sweden, Switzerland, and - to a lesser degree - in other European countries.

List of existing estates[edit]

Armorial records[edit]

The Sypniewski Coat of Arms
Clan Odrowaz.

The Sypniewskis use the Odrowąż clan arms.

NOTE: Polish coats of arms were never provided for individuals or for individual families, but for a much wider group of clans people (a bit like sharing a tartan colour). The Polish nobleman added the name of his clan to the family name. In addition to the adjectival surname ending "ski" or "cki" meaning 'from' or 'of'. The standard form, for example, was "Peter Sypniewski, herbu Odrowąż" or simply "Piotr Odrowąż Sypniewski". In this century the surname Sypniewski has been transmuted into the Celtic d'Argantel Odrowąż.

The book, Galician Nobility, (Galicia was SE Poland as part of the Austrian Empire) lists the arms for Sypniewski (table 449): a family of Polish gentry from the Polish Province (Wojewodztwo) of Prussia, where they are first recorded in 1490. Descendant Boniface Sypniewski is entered in the records of Galicia in 1783. The coat of arms is Odrowąż.

Siebmacher's Wappenbuch (Siebmacher's armorial reference book) under Preussischer Adel (Prussian Nobility), records Sypniewski (table 269), a Polish family, connected to the Odrowaz coat of arms, still 20 years ago (at the printing of the above stated book, c. 1840) in possession of a sizeable piece of farmland. Coat of arms: Look under Gliscinski III (Odrowaz).

Odrowąż Coat of Arms[edit]

Description for the Sypniewski name .[3]

Arms: Gules, an arrow argent point to chief, the base terminating as inverted horns.
(Red, a silver arrow, point upwards, the base terminating as inverted horns)
Crest: out of a crest coronet proper, a pananache of peacock plumes proper, charged with arms, fesseway (horizontally). Motto: No motto is recorded

Heraldic Colors: Argent: silver and is usually depicted in heraldic painting as white - or: gold and is usually depicted in heraldic painting as yellow. Gules: red in heraldic language. Red is a royal color. Red/argent stands for bold and resolutely honest with martial prowess, boldness, and valor

Heraldic Symbolism: Arrows: arrows usually are traced to achievements of the original bearer during the Crusades. Arrows are symbolic of one who is ready and fit for military encounter.

Peacock Feathers: the peacock represents personal pride. Feathers also symbolise conquests in Syria/Holy Land over the Saracens in the Crusades.

Ducal Coronet: The four leaves on the corenet surmounting the helmet were originally oak leaves, then changed to the Polish traditional strawberry leaves. Leaves symbolise victorious battle, and/or a title of nobility.

Comments[edit]

The Odrowąż arms are also prominently shown in the film Knights of the Teutonic Order (Polish: Krzyżacy), one of the largest film productions ever in Poland, based on the novel of the same name by Nobel prize laureate, Henryk Sienkiewicz. King Władysław Jagiełło - a historic person, king of Poland between 1381 and 1434 - was the first Polish king to recognize Sypniewski's Pomeranian nobility and to bestow them the Odrowąż coat of arms. Sypniewski clan provided knights, arms, soldiers, supplies and money in fight with king Jagiełło (and later with his son, king Casimir IV Jagiellon) against Teutonic Order in taking of Bydgoszcz, famous Battle of Grunwald, long Thirteen Years' War, and in every war fought by Poland since (i.e. Rotmistrz (Captain) Jan Stefan Sypniewski had briefly occupied Moscow in 1605 during Polish–Muscovite War)

"Hunt with Greyhounds" by Feliks Sypniewski, 1870

Feliks Sypniewski was a famous Polish Painter who later emigrated to Paris and is buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery.

Felicjan Sypniewski was a scientist whose ground-breaking studies and scientific publications influenced the next generations of Polish naturalists and have laid down foundations of malacology and algology.

Józef Piłsudski mausoleum in Vilnius, work of sculptor Bolesław Sypniewski, 1937

Renowned sculptor Bolesław Sypniewski donated almost 2 years of his work for the mausoleum of the most famous leader of Second Polish Republic, Marshal Józef Piłsudski. His Matka i Serce Syna (Mother and Her Son's Heart) black granite tombstone[4] is still laying there today in Vilnius's Rossa Cemetery in Lithuania (back then part of Poland), where - in accordance with his wishes - the heart of Marshal Piłsudski was buried in his mother's tomb.

Sypniewskis have, over the millennium, produced gallant knights, politicians, artists, authors, engineers, officers, musicians, medical doctors, teachers, government administrators, few explorers, and even sportsmen in recent times.

Members of the Sypniewski family have been actively involved in Polish politics for seven centuries and took part in all Polish wars and uprisings, including Polish Underground Resistance and French Resistance during World War II (i.e. Jan Sypniewski, later known as Jan Slav, journalist at the Neue Zürcher Zeitung).

Even though by today many of the families bearing the surname Sypniewski may no longer be classified as being truly 'related', often physical traits are still intact. On the male side they usually are tall, with a high forehead and 'Geheimratsecken' (naturally receded hairline above the temple) with an oval face. Also certain forenames were given within the families and only with the advent of the World Wars was this changed. For example: Jan, Stanislas and Adalbert (or Albert) were very common. It is worthwhile to note that the parish church in Margonin (near Sypniewo/Chrustowo) is named after St Adalbert and it was built by the Sypniewski family.

Patron Saint of Sypniewskis

California links[edit]

As recounted in her memoirs,[5] famous actress Helena Modrzejewska (usually known as Helena Modjeska) emigrated to the United States in 1876. The group of emigrants who settled in Anaheim, California, also included Henryk Sienkiewicz and Julian Sypniewski, whose old Sypniewski's family stories and tell-tales could have been some of the inspirations for stories included in Sienkiewicz's future novels. It is also worth to mention that Julian's friend, Stanisław Witkiewicz (father of famous Polish poet, writer and painter, Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz) and Adam Chmielowski had planned to be part of this group but changed their minds in the last minute.[6]

Notable Living Sypniewskis[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Niesiecki, Kasper Herbarz Polski by Kasper Niesiecki, S. J., Leipzig edition, 1839-1846.
  • Ritter von Sypniewski Odrowaz, Alfred; 50 Jahre Kaiser ("50 Years Emperor") Vienna, Austria, 1913
  • F.W.F. von Schmitt; Der Kreis Flatow ("Złotów County"), Berlin, 1709
  • Siebmacher's Wappenbuch ("Book of Nobility's Coat of Arms") München, Germany, 1605
  • Złota Księga Szlachty Polskiej ("Golden Book of Polish Nobility")
  • Sypniewski Family archives and official records
  • Records of the Theresianum archives, Vienna, Austria
  • Sypniewo County archives, Poland
  • Roman Catholic Church records, Poland & Germany
  • Evangelical Church records, Poland & Germany
  • Deak, Istvan Beyond Nationalism - A social and political history of the Habsburg Officer Corps 1848-1918 see page 159

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sypniewski, D. O. (1841). "A discourse on the historical & political events". Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Sypniewski, D. O. (1842). "An appeal to the civilized world; or, The wrongs of my country. By D.O. Sypniewski, Polish exile". Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Rietstap, Johannes Baptist (1951). Armorial General. Societe de Sauvegarde Historique. Retrieved 12 March 2010. 
  4. ^ Wiernic, Witold (12 May 1937). "Dzieje granitowego głazu". Gazeta Polska (in Polish). 
  5. ^ Holmgren, Beth (2012). Starring Madame Modjeska: On Tour in Poland and America. Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253356642. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  6. ^ Modjeska, Helen (1910). Memories and Impressions of Helena Modjeska. The MacMillan Company, N.Y. Retrieved 2013-12-13. 
  7. ^ "Interview with David Sypniewski". Barefoot Running. 29 Nov 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  8. ^ "Paintings Gallery". Artist's web pages. p. l. Retrieved 2010-06-06. 
  9. ^ 戴活 (in Chinese). Chinese Artists Association. p. l. Retrieved 12 July 2010. 
  10. ^ "Jarosław Sypniewski" (in Polish). Wikipedia. p. l. Retrieved 2014-01-05. 
  11. ^ "SYPTECH Corporation". Syptech.com. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 
  12. ^ Sypniewski, Roman (1988). Walcownictwo i ciągarstwo: podręcznik dla technikum (in Polish). Wydawnictwa Szkolne i Pedagogiczne. ISBN 9788302038440. Retrieved 28 December 2013. 
  13. ^ Sypniewski, Roman (1978). Technologia obróbki plastycznej na gorąco (in Polish). Wydawnictwa Politechniki Warszawskiej. Retrieved 28 December 2013.