Syracuse, New York

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This article is about the city in New York state. For other places sharing the same name, see Syracuse (disambiguation).
Syracuse, New York
A view of the downtown Syracuse skyline
A view of the downtown Syracuse skyline
Nickname(s): The 'Cuse, Salt City, Emerald City, The Heart of New York
Syracuse, New York is located in New York
Syracuse, New York
Syracuse, New York
Location of Syracuse within the state of New York
Coordinates: 43°02′49″N 76°08′39″W / 43.04694°N 76.14417°W / 43.04694; -76.14417
Country United States
State New York
County Onondaga
Incorporated 1825 (village)
Incorporated 1847 (city)
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Stephanie A. Miner (D)
 • Common Council
 • City 26.6 sq mi (66.4 km2)
 • Land 26 sq mi (65 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.4 km2)  2.15%
Elevation 380 ft (116 m)
Population (2010)
 • City 145,170
 • Density 5,583.5/sq mi (2,233.4/km2)
 • Metro 662,577
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern Daylight Time (UTC−4)
Area code(s) 315
Twin cities
 • Chiayi City  Taiwan
 • Fuzhou, Fujian  People's Republic of China
 • Taiz  Yemen
 • Tampere  Finland
FIPS code 36-73000
GNIS feature ID 0966966
Downtown Syracuse in 2013

Syracuse (/ˈsɪrəkjuːs/ or local /ˈsɛrəkjuːs/) is a city in, and the county seat of, Onondaga County, New York, United States. It is the largest U.S. city with the name "Syracuse", and is the fifth most populous city in the state of New York.[1] At the 2010 census, the city's population was 145,170 (making it the 175th largest city in the country), and the metropolitan area had a population of 662,577. It is the economic and educational hub of Central New York, a region with over a million inhabitants. Syracuse is well provided with convention sites, with a downtown convention complex and, directly west, the Empire Expo Center, which hosts the annual Great New York State Fair. The city derives its name from Siracusa on the eastern coast of the Italian island of Sicily.

The city has been a major crossroads over the last two centuries, first between the Erie Canal and its branch canals, then on the railway network. Syracuse is at the intersection of Interstates 81 and 90, and its airport is the largest in the region. Syracuse is home to Syracuse University, a major research university; the SUNY Upstate Medical University and Hospital, the city's largest employer; SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, and other colleges and professional schools. In 2010 Forbes rated Syracuse fourth in the top ten places to raise a family.[2]


Geography and climate[edit]

Onondaga Creek in Syracuse, New York about 1900

Salt and limestone[edit]

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Notable Syracusans[edit]

Syracuse has been the residence of notable people, among them:

Sister cities[edit]

Syracuse's sister cities are:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Official records for Syracuse kept at downtown from August 1902 to April 1938, Syracuse Municipal Airport from May 1938 to 17 September 1949, and at Syracuse Hancock Int'l since 18 September 1949.[17]


  1. ^ [1][dead link]
  2. ^ Levy, Francesca (June 7, 2010). "America's Best Places to Raise a Family". Forbes. Archived from the original on September 18, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Early History of Syracuse". Shades of Oakwood, 2010. Retrieved November 5, 2010. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ Weiner, Mark: "Census of trees sees healthy population – Syracuse, one of Upstate's leafiest cities, is coming back after the devastating 1998 Labor Day Storm", The Post-Standard, April 27, 2001
  6. ^ City of Syracuse – Executive Summary (2003)
  7. ^ Peel, M. C., Finlayson, B. L., and McMahon, T. A.: Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 11, 1633–1644, 2007.
  8. ^ a b "NCDC: U.S. Climate Normals". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 8, 2010. 
  9. ^ Cappella, Chris: "Answers: 10 snowiest 'cities' aren't all in New York", USA Today, October 3, 2003
  10. ^ Kirst, Sean: "We won't buckle under the Snowbelt's blows", The Post-Standard, March 14, 2005
  11. ^ Staff Reports: "A Storm for the records – Blizzard of 1993 brought 42.9 inches", The Post-Standard, December 31, 2003
  12. ^ Hall, Peter (December 29, 2010). "Looks like the all time snow record is out of reach". Retrieved March 25, 2011. 
  13. ^ Barrett, Terry (December 14, 2010). "USDA Weekly Weather and Crop Bulletin Report". Bloomberg. Retrieved March 25, 2011. 
  14. ^ McKelvey, Blake (1995). Snow in the Cities: A History of America's Urban Response. Rochester, New York: University of Rochester Press. p. 133. ISBN 978-1-878822-54-3. Retrieved August 15, 2010. 
  15. ^ Weiner, Mark: "Season soars into record – Warmest summer may affect our winter", The Post-Standard, September 22, 2005
  16. ^ Farmer's Almanac, Peter Geiger, The 10 Worst Weather Cities, October 6, 2006
  17. ^ ThreadEx
  18. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  19. ^ "Station Name: NY SYRACUSE HANCOCK INTL AP". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-13. 
  20. ^ "WMO Climate Normals for SYRACUSE/HANCOCK INT'L ARPT NY 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  21. ^ "Monthly Averages for Syracuse Hancock International Airport". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-12-29. 
  22. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  23. ^ "Syracuse (city), New York". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  24. ^ "New York – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 4, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Syracuse, New York". CityData, 2010. Retrieved October 22, 2010. 
  26. ^ William Labov, Sharon Ash and Charles Boberg, University of Pennsylvania, "A National Map of the Regional Dialects of American English"
  27. ^ A complete list of Syracuse's Houses of Worship
  28. ^ Hindu Mandir of Central New York
  29. ^ "Major Employers," Accessed: January 12, 2014.
  30. ^ Bristol-Myers Squibb's Syracuse Campus
  31. ^ "Anaren, Inc.". InsiderView. 
  32. ^ "Seneca Data Distributors, Inc.". InsideView. 
  33. ^ "Cooper Crouse-Hinds". Manta. 
  34. ^ "The Syracuse City School District". Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  35. ^ "Syracuse University Facts". Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  36. ^ "Orientation to Upstate | Human Resources | SUNY Upstate Medical University". 2012-02-08. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  37. ^ "About Upstate | SUNY Upstate Medical University". 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-11-01. 
  38. ^ Crouse Hospital College of Nursing Retrieved May 21, 2012.
  39. ^ Saint Joseph's College of Nursing Retrieved May 21, 2012.
  40. ^ "Onondaga County Public Library". Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  41. ^ Johnson, Melinda (2011-04-05). "Syracuse Symphony Orchestra will file for bankruptcy, board announces". Syracuse Online. Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  42. ^ Baker, Robert. "Delavan Art Gallery on Syracuse's Westside will close in May". news article. Retrieved May 31, 2011. 
  43. ^ City of Syracuse Department of Parks[dead link]
  44. ^ Moriarty, Rick (September 26, 2006). "High flying idea stuck". The Post-Standard. 
  45. ^ "Graphic of commuter traffic volume". Syracuse Central. 
  46. ^ "New Kingston to Syracuse shuttle targets shoppers, air travelers" 10 Apr 2013
  47. ^ "Shuttling off to Syracuse" 3 Apr 2013
  48. ^ "Syracuse elects Miner as next mayor; she becomes City Hall's first woman in top job". Retrieved 2011-01-28. 
  49. ^ "Rebirth of a City". The New York Times. August 10, 2010. 
  50. ^ "Mayor's Biography". City of Syracuse. Retrieved November 4, 2009. 
  51. ^
  52. ^
  53. ^ CNY Media: Syracuse TV Stations Transmitters[dead link]
  54. ^ "United Soccer Leagues (USL)". 2011-07-14. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  55. ^ Syracuse Rugby. Accessed: February 19, 2014.
  56. ^ "Mayoral Proclamation regarding sister City" (PDF). October 2001.  at Syracuse, Mayor Proclamations

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°02′49″N 76°08′40″W / 43.046899°N 76.144423°W / 43.046899; -76.144423