Syracuse, New York
|Syracuse, New York|
A view of the downtown Syracuse skyline
|Nickname(s): The 'Cuse, Salt City, Emerald City, The Heart of New York|
|• Mayor||Stephanie A. Miner (D)|
|• Common Council|
|• City||26.6 sq mi (66.4 km2)|
|• Land||26 sq mi (65 km2)|
|• Water||0.6 sq mi (1.4 km2) 2.15%|
|Elevation||380 ft (116 m)|
|• Density||5,583.5/sq mi (2,233.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC−5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern Daylight Time (UTC−4)|
|• Chiayi City||Taiwan|
|• Fuzhou, Fujian||People's Republic of China|
|GNIS feature ID||0966966|
Syracuse (// or local //) is a city in, and the county seat of, Onondaga County, New York, United States. It is the largest U.S. city with the name "Syracuse", and is the fifth most populous city in the state of New York. At the 2010 census, the city's population was 145,170 (making it the 175th largest city in the country), and the metropolitan area had a population of 662,577. It is the economic and educational hub of Central New York, a region with over a million inhabitants. Syracuse is well provided with convention sites, with a downtown convention complex and, directly west, the Empire Expo Center, which hosts the annual Great New York State Fair. The city derives its name from Siracusa on the eastern coast of the Italian island of Sicily.
The city has been a major crossroads over the last two centuries, first between the Erie Canal and its branch canals, then on the railway network. Syracuse is at the intersection of Interstates 81 and 90, and its airport is the largest in the region. Syracuse is home to Syracuse University, a major research university; the SUNY Upstate Medical University and Hospital, the city's largest employer; SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, and other colleges and professional schools. In 2010 Forbes rated Syracuse fourth in the top ten places to raise a family.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography and climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Economy
- 5 Neighborhoods
- 6 Education
- 7 Arts and culture
- 8 Recreation
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Government
- 11 Media
- 12 Sports
- 13 Notable Syracusans
- 14 Sister cities
- 15 See also
- 16 Notes
- 17 References
- 18 External links
Geography and climate
Salt and limestone
Syracuse is located at (43.046899, −76.144423).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.6 square miles (66 km2), of which, 25.1 square miles (65 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it (2.15%) is water.
The city stands at the northeast corner of the Finger Lakes Region. The city has many neighborhoods which were originally various villages that joined the city over the years. Although the central part of Syracuse is flat, many of its neighborhoods are located on small hills such as University Hill and Tipperary Hill. Land to the north of Syracuse is generally flat while land to the south is hilly.
About 27 percent of Syracuse's land area is covered by 890,000 trees – a higher percentage than in Albany, Rochester or Buffalo. This is despite the Labor Day Storm of 1998, a derecho which destroyed approximately 30,000 trees. The sugar maple accounts for 14.2 percent of Syracuse's trees, followed by the Northern white cedar (9.8 percent) and the European buckthorn (6.8 percent). The most common street tree is the Norway maple (24.3 percent) followed by the honey locust (9.3 percent). The densest tree cover in Syracuse is in the two Valley neighborhoods, with 46.6 percent of their land covered by trees. The lowest tree cover percentage is found downtown, which consists of only 4.6 percent trees.
Syracuse's main water source is Skaneateles Lake, one of the country's cleanest lakes, located 15 miles (24 km) southwest of the city. Water from nearby Onondaga Lake is not drinkable due to industrial dumping that spanned many decades, leaving the lake heavily polluted. Incoming water is left unfiltered, and chlorine is added to prevent bacterial growth. For periods of drought, there is also a backup line which uses water from Lake Ontario.
Onondaga Creek, a waterway that runs through downtown, flows northward through the city. There are plans and aspirations to create a creek walk that will connect the Lakefront and Inner Harbor to Franklin Square, Armory Square, The Valley, and ultimately the Onondaga Nation. The creek is navigable, yet can be quite a challenge as its channelized nature speeds up its flow, particularly in the spring, when it may be dangerous. Drownings of youngsters resulted in fencing of the creek through some residential areas.
Syracuse has a humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) and is known for its snowfall. Boasting 128 inches (330 cm) on average, the Syracuse metro area receives more snow on average than any other large city in the United States. Syracuse continually wins the Golden Snowball Award, among Upstate cities. Its record so far is 192.1 inches (488 cm). The high snowfall is a result of the city receiving both lake effect from nearby Lake Ontario and nor'easter snow. Snow most often falls in small (about 1–3 in or 2.5–7.6 cm), almost daily doses, over a period of several days. Larger snowfalls do occur occasionally, and even more so in the northern suburbs.
One notable blizzard was the Blizzard of 1993, during which 42.9 in (109 cm) fell on the city within 48 hours, with 35.6 in (90 cm) falling within the first 24 hours. Syracuse received more snow than any other city in the country during this storm, which shattered a total of eight local records, including the most snow in a single snowstorm.
A second notable snowfall was the Blizzard of 1966, with 42.3 in (107 cm). The Blizzard of '58 occurred in February (16–17th) across Oswego and Onondaga counties. This storm was an actual blizzard due to the high winds, blowing snow and cold; 26.1 in (66 cm) of snow was measured at Syracuse N.Y. and drifts reached 20 ft (6.1 m) in Oswego County. (See "Thirtieth Publication of the Oswego County Historical Society" (1969); and "The Climate and Snow Climatology of Oswego N.Y." (1971).)
January 2004 was the snowiest month ever in Syracuse, with a record 78.1 in (198 cm). December 2010 became Syracuse's second snowiest December ever on record with 72.8 in (185 cm) and 45.1 inches (114.6 cm) fell in 4 days. In February 1958, Syracuse shivered under a white blanket that averaged 4 ft (1.2 m) on February 19. Syracuse declared a snow emergency under a new law that allowed municipalities to demand that streets be cleared of vehicles to help with plowing operations.
The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 23.6 °F (−4.7 °C) in January to 71.3 °F (21.8 °C) in July. There are 8.6 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs and 8.3 nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows annually. Extreme temperatures range from 102 °F (39 °C) on July 9, 1936 down to −26 °F (−32 °C) on three occasions, the last being February 18, 1979.
A few recent summers in Syracuse have been warmer than previous ones in the city and, like in some other places in the nation, previous records have been broken. For example, the summers of 2005 and 2002 were, respectively, the hottest and second-hottest summers on record.
Syracuse is the fourth rainiest city in US, with 171 rainy days a year and fourth among the snowiest cities with 111.6 inches of snow annually. Much like nearby Binghamton, being close to the St. Lawrence storm track and cooler air masses coming in from the west and north, the city has a continuously unsettled weather pattern.
|Climate data for Syracuse, New York (Syracuse Hancock Int'l), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1902–present[a]|
|Record high °F (°C)||70
|Average high °F (°C)||31.5
|Average low °F (°C)||15.7
|Record low °F (°C)||−26
|Precipitation inches (mm)||2.50
|Snowfall inches (cm)||34.0
|Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||19.1||16.0||15.8||14.0||12.9||12.1||11.3||10.8||12.1||14.2||16.7||18.6||173.6|
|Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||18.4||14.4||9.9||2.6||0.1||0||0||0||0||0.5||5.8||14.7||66.4|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||102.8||116.7||172.5||204.4||243.1||260.6||289.3||247.1||193.0||144.3||76.7||69.0||2,119.5|
|Percent possible sunshine||35||40||47||51||53||57||62||57||51||42||26||25||48|
|Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990), The Weather Channel|
(monetary values in United States dollars)
|2000 Census||Syracuse||NY State||U.S.|
|Total population||147, 306||18,976,457||281,421,906|
|Population, percent change, 1990 to 2000||−10.4%||+5.5%||+13.1%|
|Population density||5,871/sq mi||402/sq mi||80/sq mi|
|Median household income (1999)||$30,075||$43,393||$41,994|
|Per capita income||$15,168||$23,389||$21,587|
|Bachelor's degree or higher||23%||27%||24%|
As of the census of 2010, there were 145,170 people,and 56,445 households. The population density was 5,796.8 people per square mile (2,266.8/km²). There were 64,356 housing units.
The racial and ethnic makeup of the city reported in the 2010 Census was as follows: 56.0% White, 29.5% African American, 1.1% Native American, 5.5% Asian, and <0.5% Pacific Islander. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.3% of the population. Non-Hispanic Whites were 52.8% of the population in 2010, down from 87.2% in 1970.
There were 56,445 households out of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 23.6% were married couples living together, 20.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.4% were non-families. 29% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.4% under the age of 18, 16.8% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.7 years.
The median income for a household in the city was $22,715, and the median income for a family was $37,384. Males had a median income of $36,021 versus $30,846 for females. The per capita income was $17,866. About 25.6% of families and 31.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 44.1% of those under age 18 and 12.5% of those age 65 or over.
Over the course of 400 years, immigrants from all over the world have been attracted to the Central New York area, including the Bosnian, British, French, German, Greek, Hispanic (in particular Puerto Rican), Irish, Italian, Lebanese, Polish, Syrian, Ukrainian, and Welsh communities. Native Americans also continue to have a presence in the area, as they have for centuries.
Recent demographics indicate that the largest ancestries represented in the city includes African American (27.9%), Irish (15.9%), Italian (14.1%), German (12.2%), English (7.6%), Hispanic (6.5%), Polish (5.0%), Asian (4.0%) and Pacific Islander (1.1%).
People identify with a number of religions.
Christianity: Syracuse has two cathedrals, the Episcopal St. Paul's Cathedral and the Roman Catholic Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Both are located at Columbus Circle, and are home to their respective dioceses, the Diocese of Central New York (Episcopal) and the Diocese of Syracuse (Roman Catholic). The Assembly of God, Southern Baptist Convention, and the United Church of Christ have their State offices in the Greater Syracuse area. The United Methodist Church also has its headquarters of the Upper New York Annual (regional) Conference in downtown Syracuse, on the third floor of the University United Methodist Church near Syracuse University. The United Methodist Bishop has offices there. Syracuse is also home to the novitiate center of the Jesuit New York Province, as well as the Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (Roman Catholic, with Mass offered in English and Polish). In addition there are dozens of churches in Syracuse of nearly every Christian denomination, including Jehovah's Witness, Christian Science, Reformed Presbyterian and Metaphysical Christian. Complete List
Islam has the Islamic Society of Central New York Mosque on Comstock Avenue, and Muhammad's Study Group on West Kennedy Street.
There are several Jewish synagogues in or nearby Syracuse, including Beth Shalom-Chevra Chas, Temple Adath Yeshurun and the Temple Society of Concord, considered to be the ninth oldest Jewish House of Worship in the United States.
Syracuse's economy has faced challenges over the past decades as industrial jobs have left the area. The number of local and state government jobs also has been declining for several years. Syracuse's top employers are now primarily in education and the service industry. University Hill is Syracuse's fastest growing neighborhood, fueled by expansions by Syracuse University and Upstate Medical University (a division of the State University of New York), as well as dozens of small medical office complexes.
As of 2012, the top eleven employers in the Syracuse region and the size of their workforce were:
- Upstate University Health System: 9,525
- Syracuse University: 4,621
- St. Joseph's Hospital Health Center: 3,745
- Wegmans Food Markets: 3,713
- Crouse Hospital: 2,700
- Loretto (elder care): 2,476
- Lockheed Martin Mission Systems & Training Division: 2,250
- National Grid: 2,000
- Time Warner Cable: 1,800
- Raymour & Flanigan: 1,400
- Syracuse VA Medical Center: 1,400
Today the Syracuse area has few extremely large employers, but rather many smaller ones. Eight of the area's top eleven employers are in education or the service industry, rather than in manufacturing. Some of the smaller employers in Syracuse are:
- Anaren, Inc.: Employees 862
- Seneca Data Distributors, Inc.: Employees 300
- Cooper Crouse-Hinds: Employees 500-999
Since 1927 the State Tower Building has been the tallest in Syracuse.
|The State Tower Building||95 m||23||Office||1928|
|AXA Tower I (Originally "MONY Building")||82 m||19||Commercial office||1966|
|AXA Tower II (Originally "Carrier Building")||82 m||19||Commercial office||1971|
The City of Syracuse officially recognizes 26 neighborhoods within its boundaries. Some of these have small additional neighborhoods and districts inside of them. In addition, Syracuse also owns and operates Syracuse Hancock International Airport, located on the territory of four towns north of the city.
Syracuse's neighborhoods reflect the historically divided population. Traditionally, Irish, Polish and Ukrainian Americans settled on its westside; Jews on its eastside; German and Italian Americans on the northside; and African-Americans on its southside.
In addition to the dominant Destiny USA shopping area in the Syracuse's Lakefront neighborhood, many of the city's more traditional neighborhoods continue to have active business districts:
- Downtown: Armory Square has replaced South Salina Street as the main retail and dining area of Downtown Syracuse. Armory Square has around 30 dining establishments, around 20 pubs, bars and clubs, and over 50 other retail stores. Similarly, but on a smaller scale, there is the Hanover Square area. A number of professional firms are also located in Armory Square, including Eric Mower and Associates, O'Brien & Gere, and the Sugarman Law Firm.
- Eastwood: Calling itself "the village within the city", this former village still has a retail corridor along James Street.
- Little Italy: A neighborhood with Italian origins, Little Italy (part of the Near Northeast neighborhood) has several blocks of bakeries, restaurants, pizzerias, shops, and services.
- Butternut Circle: North Side neighborhood located at the intersection of Butternut Street and Grant Blvd (part of the Court-Woodlawn neighborhood) has several blocks housing a flower shop, drug store, pizza shop, deli, restaurants, beauty and barber shops, dentist and auto dealer.
- University Hill: Marshall Street, along with its terminus South Crouse Avenue, is lined with stores, bars, and restaurants, primarily catering to the student population on "The Hill", as well as the over 25,000 people who work there daily. East Genesee Street at the northwestern corner of the neighborhood has several retail establishments, as well.
- Westcott: This neighborhood, located east of University Hill, is inhabited by a wide variety of people, increasingly including some college students as the University grows but still primarily local families and residents. Single-family homes and two-unit apartments comprise the majority of housing. Westcott is known as a bohemian and liberal quarter, and each September hosts the Westcott Street Cultural Fair. The main business district is on Westcott Street between Beech and Dell streets and includes restaurants, bars, an independent bookstore, a consignment shop, The Westcott Theater, and other businesses.
Primary and secondary schools
Colleges and universities
Immediately adjacent to Syracuse University are two doctoral-degree granting State University (SUNY) schools, the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry and SUNY Upstate Medical University. Both institutions have long-standing ties to Syracuse University. SUNY-ESF was established in 1911, as the New York State College of Forestry at Syracuse University. SUNY Upstate Medical University, which had its start as Syracuse University's medical school, is also one of Syracuse's major research universities and is one of only about 125 academic medical centers in the country. It is the region's largest employer with over 9,400 employees.
Two institutions of higher education are based in the Syracuse suburbs: Le Moyne College in the Town of DeWitt and Onondaga Community College in the Town of Onondaga. Le Moyne is a Jesuit college founded in 1946 and named after the 17th century missionary and diplomat Simon Le Moyne who first discovered the value of the Onondaga salt springs (see "French contact" above). It was also the first Jesuit college to be founded as coeducational. Its baseball team has had several players who went on to become professionals. Onondaga Community College has its main campus in the adjacent town of Onondaga and has two smaller campuses downtown and in Liverpool.
Several colleges operate satellite campuses in Syracuse and its suburbs:
- Bryant & Stratton College has campuses in Liverpool and downtown Syracuse
- Columbia College (Missouri) has a campus in Salina
- Empire State College operates its Central New York main learning center in East Syracuse
- ITT Technical Institute has a campus in Liverpool
- State University of New York at Oswego operates its Metro Center in downtown Syracuse
Other colleges and universities in nearby counties include Cazenovia College in Cazenovia (20 miles away), Colgate University in Hamilton (40 miles away), Cornell University and Ithaca College in Ithaca (50 miles away), Hamilton College in Clinton (50 miles away), Morrisville State College in Morrisville (30 miles away), Oswego State University in Oswego (40 miles away), SUNY Cortland in Cortland (35 miles away), both Utica College and SUNY Institute of Technology in Utica (50 miles away), and Wells College in Aurora (40 miles away).
Arts and culture
An up-to-date directory and events calendar covering all of the visual and performing arts in Syracuse is available at SyracuseArts.net.
Live jazz music is the centerpiece of two annual outdoor festivals in Syracuse, the M&T Syracuse Jazz Festival, Polish Festival as well as the CNY Jazz Arts Foundation's Jazz in the Square Festival. Performers in the last five years have included Chuck Mangione, Joshua Redman, Smokey Robinson, Branford Marsalis, The Bad Plus, Randy Brecker, Stanley Clarke, Jimmy Heath, Terrence Blanchard, Slide Hampton, Bobby Watson, Dr. John, and Aretha Franklin. The Polish Festival hosted Grammy winners Jimmy Sturr and his Orchestra, Polish music legend Stan Borys and Irena Jarocka, Grammy nominee Lenny Goumulka, LynnMarie, Dennis Polisky & The Maestro's Men, Jerry Darlak and the Buffalo Touch & The John Gora Band.
Syracuse was home to the 79-member Syracuse Symphony Orchestra (SSO), founded in 1961. In early April 2011, the orchestra announced plans to file for bankruptcy under Chapter 7, a chapter of the U.S. bankruptcy code that indicates that the organization plans to liquidate itself and go out of operation. Unfunded pension obligations were blamed. The SSO's last Music Director was Daniel Hege; former Music Directors include Frederik Prausnitz and Kazuyoshi Akiyama. At its peak, the orchestra performed over 200 concerts annually for an audience of over 250,000.
The Clinton String Quartet has been active for over 15 years and is based in the Syracuse area. All four members were also members of the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra until its dissolution in early 2011.
The Syracuse Friends of Chamber Music for more than a half century have presented a series of concerts by various chamber ensembles.
The Society for New Music, founded in 1982, is the oldest new music organization in the state outside of New York City, and the only year-round new music group in upstate New York. The Society commissions at least one new work each year from a regional composer, awards the annual Brian Israel Prize to a promising composer under 30 years of age, and produces the weekly "Fresh Ink" radio broadcast for WCNY-FM.
The Syracuse Opera Company is a professional company that generally performs three operas each season. It was founded in 1963 as the Opera Chorus of the Syracuse Symphony Orchestra and became independent in 1973. In addition to full performances, it offers several free outdoor concerts each year in Armory Square, Thornden Park, and elsewhere. The company has an annual budget of US$1 million and is the only professional opera company in upstate New York.
The Syracuse Shakespeare Festival www.syrsf.org is a charitable, educational, not-for-profit corporation dedicated to performing the works of William Shakespeare. It was founded in 2002 and is best known for its annual free Shakespeare-In-The-Park program every August at the Thornden Park Amphitheatre that has attracted more than 25,000 people since its inception. SSF also produces four other major programs including Shakespeare-Under-A-Roof, (indoor shows at SU's Cantor Warehouse Theatre and NYS Fairgrounds' Empire Theatre) Kids Doing Shakespeare (Summer one-week, vacation theatre intensive for students in grades 5–12), Avon Repertory Theatre (one hour versions of Shakespeare classics touring at schools and businesses in CNY) and Shakespeare-On-The-Grass the last two weekends in June (outdoor shows on the grass at Thornden Park Amphitheatre) that collectively have played to an additional 19,000 Central New Yorkers and out-of-town visitors.
Syracuse Stage presents experimental and creative theater; a number of its productions have been world premieres and have moved to Broadway. The venue was designed by its most famous former artistic director Arthur Storch. Its current artistic director is Timothy Bond.
The Red House Arts Center is one of Syracuse's newest cultural venues. Opened in 2004, Redhouse is a small theatre housed in a converted hotel, that offers performances by local, national, and international artists, and hosts regular exhibits in its art gallery, and screenings of independent films.
The Metal 'Cuse fundraising concert is held every November in Syracuse. Showcasing local, regional and national hard rock and heavy metal acts, the event benefits local charities such as the Syracuse Rescue Mission and raises cancer awareness. Past headliners have included The Rods, from Cortland and original New Jersey metal band Sleepy Hollow. The first Metal 'Cuse concert in 2010 also featured 50 Syracuse area musicians known as "Lock Up the Wolves" doing a special tribute to Ronnie James Dio; they performed songs from many different parts of his career.
Museums and art galleries
- Everson Museum of Art, which opened in 1968 in a building designed by I.M. Pei, features one of the most extensive pottery collections in the United States along with works of American art, dating from the 18th century to the present. This collection includes paintings, sculptures, drawings, photography, and video.
- Erie Canal Museum is a museum dedicated to preserving the history of the Erie Canal and its role in Syracuse's growth.
- International Mask and Puppet Museum is a museum in Little Italy focusing on masks and puppets, the later of which are also used in educational performances for children.
- Light Work is located at 316 Waverly Avenue, in the Robert B. Menschel Media Center at Syracuse University in Syracuse, New York. Founded in 1973, Light Work a non-profit photography organization that supports artists with exhibitions, publications, a world-renowned residency program, and a public-access lab facility for photography.
- Milton J. Rubenstein Museum of Science and Technology is a museum located in the Armory Square neighborhood that features exhibits in science and technology and also houses the city's only IMAX theater.
- Onondaga Historical Association Museum & Research Center, located at 321 Montgomery Street downtown, features exhibits on the past of the Syracuse region, and contains historical archives relating to the area's history. Its exhibits include a presentation of the history of the Underground Railroad.
- The Warehouse Gallery is located at 350 West Fayette Street in The Warehouse. It is a part of the Coalition of Museum And Art Centers (CMAC). This new contemporary art center exhibits, commissions, and promotes work by emerging and accomplished artists in a variety of media. The programming attempts to engage the community in a dialogue regarding the role the arts can play in illuminating the critical issues of our times.
- Spark Contemporary Art Space is located at 1005 E. Fayette St. in the Downtown area. Spark is run by Syracuse University graduate art students, but is a venue for a diversity of non-university affiliated events. The gallery's directors curate and organize art and music related events, while local artists can rent the space to hold their own events. With the initiation of a monthly video screening series in 2001, Spark became one of the leading venues for video art in Syracuse. Spark Video provides the community an opportunity to see video work from local and international artists.
- Delavan Art Gallery is located at 501 West Fayette Street in an old farm equipment factory. The gallery is being refashioned into an Art Shop Complex known as "The Art Shops at Delavan Center". Delavan Gallery has 3,800 square feet (350 m2) of exhibit space, and, on several other floors in the building, houses the studios of a number of area artists. Its shows have typically opened the first Thursday of the month. Showcases have featured a wide variety of work, from multi-media sculpture to hyperealism.
- Point of Contact Gallery is located at 914 East Genesee Street. The newest member of the Coalition of Museums and Art Centers at Syracuse University, it is a space dedicated to the exploration of the verbal and visual arts and home of the Point of Contact Art Collection. It is a cross-disciplinary open forum for the essential discussion of contemporary art. A showcase for contemporary artists from around the world, with a strong prevalence from Latin America. The Point of Contact collection comprises over 200 original pieces created especially for "Point of Contact", the book series, since 1975. Photography, collage, drawings, paintings and three-dimensional works form this rare collection.
The City of Syracuse maintains over 170 parks, fields, and recreation areas, totaling over 1,000 acres (4.0 km2). Burnet Park includes the first public golf course in the United States (1901) and Rosamond Gifford Zoo. Other major parks include Thornden Park, Schiller Park, Sunnycrest Park, James Pass Arboretum and the joined Onondaga Park and Kirk Parks. There are 12 public pools, two public ice rinks, and two public nine-hole golf courses in the city.
Right outside the city proper, along the east side and north end of Onondaga Lake, is Onondaga Lake Park. The adjacent Onondaga Lake Parkway is closed to vehicular traffic several hours on Sundays during the summer months, so it can be used for walking, running, biking, and rollerblading. During the holiday season, the park hosts Lights on the Lake, a two-mile (3 km) drive-through light show.
Syracuse is served by the Central New York Regional Transportation Authority, or CNYRTA. The CNYRTA operates bus service in Syracuse and its suburbs, as well as to outlying metropolitan area cities such as Auburn, Fulton, and Oswego.
The Pyramid Companies have also proposed a monorail linking Syracuse University to Hancock International Airport via Downtown Syracuse to their proposed Destiny Resort to the William F. Walsh Regional Transportation Center and their proposed Destiny Technology Park. The cost of such a line has been estimated at $750 million.
In 2005, local millionaire Tom McDonald proposed an aerial tramway system, called Salt City Aerial Transit (S.C.A.T.), to link the university to the transportation center. The first segment from Syracuse University to downtown has been estimated to cost $5 million, which McDonald plans to raise himself. Due to the perceived low operating costs, the system could run continuously. As of late 2006, the project remains in the planning stage.
According to the 2000 Census, this is how people aged 16 and over commute to work:
Syracuse ranks 50th in the United States for high transit ridership and 12th for most pedestrian commuters. 38,332 people commute daily into Onondaga County from the four adjoining counties (2006).
The Maple Leaf follows the path of the Empire Service train, but continues to Toronto. This train completes one round-trip daily.
Also completing one round-trip a day, the Lake Shore Limited connects Syracuse to the same cities as above (except Niagara Falls), but continues westward from Buffalo to Chicago via Cleveland and Toledo, and eastward to Boston, with a branch extending south to New York.
The Amtrak station is part of the William F. Walsh Regional Transportation Center.
From 1994-2007, a regional commuter rail service, OnTrack, connected the Carousel Center to southern Syracuse, often extending to Jamesville in the summer. It was discontinued due to low ridership.
Greyhound Lines, Megabus and Trailways provide long-distance bus service using the William F. Walsh Regional Transportation Center located in the northern area of the city. The Syracuse station is, for both the Greyhound and Megabus lines, on a run part way between Toronto and New York. Trailways has many more in-state destinations, for example to Watertown, Binghamton and Schenectady. Shuttle Kingston was reported in 2013 to connect Syracuse, Watertown and Kingston, Ontario.
Major highways and roads
In the Tipperary Hill district of Syracuse, there is a unique traffic light which has the green light on the top instead of the traditional red light.
Four Interstate Highways run through the Syracuse area:
- Interstate 81 (Highway 401 via Highway 137 in Ontario to Knoxville, Tennessee) runs north-south through Syracuse, and provides access to Canada, Pennsylvania and points south. It forms a physical and psychological border between downtown and University Hill, an issue both Syracuse University and local politicians are trying to address.
- Interstate 90 (Seattle to Boston), also known as the New York State Thruway runs east-west, just north of the city. It is a toll highway that provides access to Rochester, Buffalo, Albany, and the north-south (Interstate 87) part of the Thruway which leads to New York City.
- Interstate 690 runs east-west through the city, and provides access to Interstate 90, as well as to Syracuse's northwestern and eastern suburbs. A spur off I-690 directly west of the city, NY 695, provides freeway access to the southwestern suburbs. It meets Interstate 81 in downtown Syracuse in a highly complex and incomplete intersection. Most of its routing through the city directly replaced elevated rail lines, a fact quite notable by the city's former main rail terminal, where the freeway spans the width between the terminal and its outermost platform. In 1981 artist Duke Epolito erected sculptures of "passengers" on the far platform. The piece is entitled "Waiting for a Night Train."
- Interstate 481 forms an eastern loop around the city and continues to the northwest as NY 481 to Fulton and Oswego, on the shore of Lake Ontario.
Two US Highways run through the Syracuse area:
- U.S. Route 11 (Route 223 in Quebec to New Orleans) passes through Syracuse, including downtown, and it follows the route of Salina and State Streets.
New York State Route Expressways:
- New York State Route 481 – Travels from NY 104 in Oswego to the junction of Interstate 81 and Interstate 481 north of Syracuse.
- New York State Route 690 – Was built as an extension of Interstate 690 in the northwest suburbs of Syracuse. The route is a four-lane divided highway from its southern end at I-690, where it meets Interstate 90 (NYS Thruway), to its end northwest of Baldwinsville in Lysander at NY 48 and NY 631.
- New York State Route 695 – Is a short state highway located west of Syracuse in the town of Solvay in Onondaga County. The number of the highway was derived from the two highways that NY 695 links, Interstate 690 and NY 5.
Syracuse is served by the Syracuse Hancock International Airport in nearby Salina, near Mattydale. The airport is served by 17 airlines (9 major), which provide non-stop flights to destinations as far away as Orlando, FL and Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN, as well as several daily flights to other important airline hubs such as Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, Boston Logan International Airport, Charlotte-Douglas International Airport, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport, Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County International Airport, New York (LaGuardia), New York (JFK), Philadelphia International Airport, Washington, D.C. (Reagan), Washington D.C. (Dulles), Newark/New York (Liberty), Toronto Pearson International Airport. Six cargo carriers also serve the airport. New York City (JFK, LGA, EWR), served by 3 different carriers, can be reached in under an hour flight.
The city is headed by an elected mayor who is limited to two four-year terms. The incumbent is Stephanie Miner, elected mayor on November 3, 2009. The previous mayor was former Syracuse Common Council President Matthew Driscoll, who first assumed the position in 2001, after the former mayor, Roy Bernardi, resigned to take a position with the federal government. After completing the original term, Driscoll was re-elected that year and again in 2005.
|Syracuse Fire Department (SFD)|
|Annual calls||28,006 (2013)|
|Facilities & Equipment|
|Rescues||4 (Including Rescue Truck)|
|Tenders||9 Mini Units|
|EMS Level||BLS First Responder|
Founded in 1877, the Syracuse Fire Department is one of two ISO Class 1-rated fire departments. The Syracuse Fire Department is currently the fifth largest fire department in New York, after the New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, and Yonkers.
In 2013, the city government, under the direction of Mayor Stephanie Miner and Chief of Staff William Ryan, began discussing the possibility of closing Fire Station # 7, the quarters of Engine 7 and Mini 7. The city faces a $30 million budget shortfall for 2013, and Station No. 7 is in need of $1 million to $1.5 million in repairs.
Fire station locations and apparatus
Below is a list of all fire station and company locations in the city of Syracuse.
|Engine Company||Truck Company||Mini Unit||Special Unit||Command Unit||Address||Neighborhood|
|Engine 1(Telesqurt)||Mini 1||Squad 1, Rescue Truck||900 S. State St.||Downtown|
|Engine 2(Telesqurt)||Truck 2||Mini 2||2300 Lodi St.||North Side/Lakefront|
|Engine 3||Mini 3||Ambulance 3||808 Bellevue Ave.||South Side|
|ARFF 1, ARFF 3, ARFF 4, ARFF 8, Haz-Mat. 3, Decon. Trailer||110 Observation Cir.||Syracuse Hancock International Airport|
|Engine 5||Truck 3||Mini 5||Haz-Mat. 1, Haz-Mat. 2, Haz-Mat. 4||Car 2(1st Dist. Chief)||110 N. Geddes St.||Downtown/West Side|
|Rescue 1, Rescue 2(Support Unit), Rescue 3(Technical Rescue Unit)||Car 700(Deputy Chief)||601 S. West St.||Downtown|
|Engine 8(Telesqurt)||Truck 8||Mini 8||Car 3(2nd District Chief)||2412 S. Salina St.||South Side|
|Engine 9||Truck 4||Mini 9||Car 4(3rd District Chief)||400 Shuart Ave.||North Side|
|Engine 10||Truck 5||Mini 10||2030 E. Genesee St.||East Side|
|Engine 17||Mini 17||2317 Burnet Ave.||Eastwood|
|Engine 18||Mini 18||3714 Midland Ave.||Valley|
The legislative branch of Syracuse is the Syracuse Common Council. It consists of a president and nine members:
- Van B. Robinson (D) – President
- Lance Denno (D) – Councilor at Large
- Helen Hudson (D) – Councilor at Large
- Kathleen Joy (D) – Councilor at Large
- Jean Kessner (D) – Councilor at Large
- Jake Barrett (D) – 1st District
- Patrick J. Hogan (D) – 2nd District
- Bob Dougherty (D) – 3rd District
- Khalid Bey (D) – 4th District
- Nader P. Maroun (D) – 5th District
The Onondaga County Supreme and County Court is the trial court of general jurisdiction for Syracuse. It is also the administrative court for the Fifth District of the New York State Unified Court System. Judges for these courts are elected at-large.
The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of New York also holds court in downtown Syracuse at the James Hanley Federal Building.
Syracuse's flagship News/Talk Radio station: 570 WSYR. The Class B 5 kW directional AM station began broadcasting in 1922 and is owned by Clear Channel Communications. In 1981, WSYR-AM became the first radio station worldwide to own and operate a Robinson R22 helicopter for traffic reporting.
Syracuse has one major daily morning newspaper, The Post-Standard. Until 2001, Syracuse also had an evening paper, The Herald-Journal. Besides a Syracuse/Onondaga County edition, The Post-Standard publishes three additional editions: Cayuga, Madison, and Oswego for the other three counties of the metropolitan area, plus an additional edition on Sundays. It has six news bureaus throughout Central New York, as well as one in Albany (state capital) and Washington, DC.
Before the merger with the evening paper, The Post-Standard was named among the "10 best newspapers in America with a circulation of under 100,000" by Al Neuharth of USA Today (run by a competing organization). Since the merger, circulation has increased to over 120,000. Even outside of its four-county delivery area, the paper is available in many convenience stores and supermarkets from the Canadian to the Pennsylvanian border. The newspaper partly caters to this audience as well, covering many stories from the Ithaca, Utica, and Watertown areas. Since opening a new printing press in 2002, the paper calls itself "America's Most Colorful Newspaper," as almost every page contains color.
Syracuse New Times is a weekly, free, ad-supported arts and entertainment newspaper. Owned by Zimmer Ltd, Syracuse New Times is published in Syracuse, New York by Arthur Zimmer and distributed throughout the central New York region. The publication is released every Wednesday, with over 137,600 readers, and is distributed to over 950 locations in Central New York. Launched in 1969, it is one of the oldest alternative weekly newspapers in the country.
The Daily Orange, the newspaper of Syracuse University and SUNY ESF students, is read by over 20,000 people daily, and is widely distributed in the University Hill neighborhood and Armory Square. The Dolphin, the weekly student newspaper of Le Moyne College is also available, but read mainly by Le Moyne students.
There are other popular free newspapers, including Eagle Newspaper's downtown edition, the City Eagle, and Table Hopping, which focuses on the restaurant and entertainment scene.
Syracuse has eight full-power broadcast television stations:
Syracuse's cable television provider is Time Warner Cable, which, as a part of its regular and digital offerings, provides a popular 24-hour local cable news television channel (YNN), local sports channel, Public-access television channel, and an additional PBS channel.
Syracuse University's student-run Educational-access television station is CitrusTV and programming is broadcast on the university campus on the Orange Television Network. The station also provides content to Time Warner Cable Sports.
|Sport||League||Club||Founded||Venue||League championships||Championship years|
|Baseball||IL||Syracuse Chiefs||1935||NBT Bank Stadium||8||1935, 1942, 1943, 1947, 1954, 1969, 1970, 1976|
|Hockey||AHL||Syracuse Crunch||1994||War Memorial at Oncenter||0||N/A|
|Indoor soccer||MISL||Syracuse Silver Knights||2010||War Memorial at Oncenter||0||N/A|
|Rugby||Empire Geographical Union||Syracuse Chargers||1997||O'Connor Athletic Fields||10||2011 DIII National Championship (Runner-Up)|
- Syracuse Chiefs (International League affiliate of the Washington Nationals) Stadium: NBT Bank Stadium
- Syracuse Crunch (American Hockey League affiliate of the Tampa Bay Lightning) Arena: War Memorial at Oncenter
- Syracuse Silver Knights, a team in the Major Indoor Soccer League
- Syracuse has a rugby club known as the Syracuse Chargers
- The Syracuse ShockWave American Basketball Association (2000-present) had been announced to play in Syracuse beginning December 2010.
- The Syracuse Shock is a semi-professional American football team that plays in the North American Football League.
- Syracuse University Orange (Division I-A) Stadium: Carrier Dome
- Le Moyne College Dolphins (Division II)
- Onondaga Community College Lazers (NJCAA)
- SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry Mighty Oaks (USCAA)
Syracuse University sports are by far the most well-attended sporting events in the Syracuse area. Basketball games can draw over 30,000 fans, and football games over 40,000. The university has helped develop dozens of famous professional players since starting an athletics program in the late 19th century, including all-time greats Jim Brown, Larry Csonka and Dave Bing, and contemporary professional stars Marvin Harrison, Carmelo Anthony, Dwight Freeney, Jason Hart, and Donovan McNabb. Both teams play in the Carrier Dome.
Syracuse has been the residence of notable people, among them:
- Keith B. Alexander - former Director of the National Security Agency
- Carmelo Anthony – player for New York Knicks; went to Syracuse University for 1-year, but is from Brooklyn, New York
- Dylan Baker – actor
- James Arthur "Jim" Boeheim - head coach of men's basketball team at Syracuse University, second place on victories list of men's NCAA Division I coaches
- Kim Black – Olympic gold medal swimmer
- Andray Blatche – Brooklyn Nets basketball player
- Tyvon Branch – Oakland Raiders football player
- Rory Cochrane – actor
- Michael Cole – wrestling commentator signed to WWE
- Tim Connolly – Toronto Maple Leafs hockey player
- Mark Copani – a professional wrestler under the name Muhammad Hassan
- Tom Cruise – an actor and producer who has been nominated for three Academy Awards and has won three Golden Globe Awards, he achieved (a lasting level of) fame after his leading role in the film Risky Business (1983)
- Frank DiPino – MLB player for the Milwaukee Brewers, Houston Astros, Chicago Cubs, St. Louis Cardinals, and the Kansas City Royals
- Earth Crisis – part of the straight edge hardcore music movement
- Robert F. Engle – economist
- Thom Filicia – interior design expert for TV show Queer Eye for the Straight Guy
- Jon Fishman – a drummer with band (he co-founded) Phish; credited with co-writing 19 of Phish's original songs, with eight of them as a solo credit
- Richard Gere – a Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild Award-winning actor, graduated from North Syracuse Central High School in 1967
- Jeff Glor – CBS News anchor
- Bobcat Goldthwait – an actor, comedian, screenwriter and director, achieved fame as Zed in film Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment
- Henry Grethel – clothing designer
- Siobhan Fallon Hogan – actress
- Honor Bright – pop punk band
- Grace Jones – a model, singer and actress; a three-time Saturn Award nominee, a Grammy nominee, an MTV Video Music Awards nominee, and a Q Awards winner; also ranked 82nd on VH1's 100 Greatest Women of Rock and Roll
- Jon Jones – UFC light heavyweight champion
- John Augustus Just – German-born 19th-century chemist and inventor
- Megyn Kelly - Fox television journalist
- Tom Kenny – actor, comedian, voice actor, and singer, known for his long-running-role as SpongeBob SquarePants in the television series of the same name
- Shane Lavalette – photographer, publisher and editor of Lavalette, and director of Light Work, a non-profit photography organization in Syracuse
- Jay Leach – New Jersey Devils hockey player
- Dorsey Levens – NFL player for the Green Bay Packers, Philadelphia Eagles, and the New York Giants
- Mark Levinson – producer of "Mystic Pizza" and "Home Alone"
- Edna May – singer, actress
- Terry McAuliffe – governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia; former chairman of the Democratic National Committee and confidant of President Bill Clinton
- Andy Mineo – Christian rapper who gained attention through his work with Lecrae and through his mixtape Formerly Known.
- Jeff Moleski – record producer, engineer Mole Tracks East and West, recorded Smashing Pumpkins and Blues Traveler
- David Muir – ABC News anchor
- Doe Paoro – singer-songwriter
- Polar Bear Club – pop-punk/melodic hardcore band
- Ra Ra Riot – an indie rock/baroque pop band, in January 2011, Ra Ra Riot were nominated for The 10th Annual Independent Music Awards under the Pop/Rock Album category for The Orchard.
- Jamel Richardson – Canadian Football League player for the Montreal Alouettes
- Steve Rubell – entrepreneur, co-owner and co-founder of the New York disco Studio 54.
- Danny Schayes – NBA player for the Utah Jazz, Denver Nuggets, Milwaukee Bucks, Los Angeles Lakers, Phoenix Suns, Miami Heat, and the Orlando Magic
- Dolph Schayes – NBA 12-time All-Star and Hall of Famer
- Rita Schiano – author
- Ian Schrager – entrepreneur and real estate developer; often associated with co-creating of the Boutique Hotel category of accommodation; gained fame as co-owner and co-founder of Studio 54
- Alice Sebold – an award (American Booksellers Association Book of the Year Award for Adult Fiction in 2003 and the Bram Stoker Award) winning author who has published three books: Lucky (1999), The Lovely Bones (2002) and The Almost Moon (2007); was a graduate from Syracuse University and a student of Tobias Wolff
- Rod Serling – screenwriter, TV producer, and narrator, best known for his television series The Twilight Zone
- Craig Shirley – author and political consultant
- The Schubert brothers – Broadway entrepreneurs
- Lyman Cornelius Smith (1850–1910) an industrialist and founder of the L.C. Smith & Brothers Typewriter Company, which grew into the Smith-Corona Company, owned and operated several factories in Syracuse
- James Steinberg – academic and political advisor, formerly 16th United States Deputy Secretary of State, and now Dean and Professor of Social Science, International Affairs, and Law at Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University
- Ian Stewart of Marbin – musician, bassist
- Gustav Stickley – furniture maker and American Craftsman spokesperson
- Bradley Walker Tomlin, abstract expressionist
- Jimmy Van Heusen – songwriter
- Mikey Welsh – former bass player of Weezer
- Vanessa Williams – model, actress, former Miss America; attended Syracuse University, College of Visual & Performing Arts
- Tobias Wolff – author, known for his memoirs, particularly This Boy's Life (later made into a film), as well as his short stories; taught at Syracuse University from 1980 to 1997 as an instructor in the graduate writing program
- Nina Davuluri – Miss America – 2014
Syracuse's sister cities are:
- [dead link]
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- A complete list of Syracuse's Houses of Worship
- Hindu Mandir of Central New York
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Syracuse, New York.|
|Look up Syracuse in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Official website of the City of Syracuse, New York
- Syracuse Central
- Syracuse at DMOZ
- Syracuse.com – News website affiliated with The Post-Standard
- Syracuse Arts
- Buildings of Syracuse
- Collection of Central NY photos from davidmetraux.com
- Syracuse City Court information
- Syracuse Wiki – Community Edited Area Resource
- Syracuse (New York) travel guide from Wikivoyage