A Syrian Argentine is an Argentine citizen of Syrian descent or a Syrian naturalized Argentine. Argentina is the second South American country with the highest number of Syrians after Brazil. Syrian immigration to Argentina has been, and is currently, one of the most important Arab migration flows in the country. Immigration waves peaked in the 20th century, although in recent years due to the constant wars in the Middle East, immigration from Syria has been increasing over time.
In 2012, during the conflict, the Argentine consulate in Damascus received 40 percent more applications for visas.
In 2013, Argentina received approximately 300 families of Syrian refugees.
In October 2014 because of the war raging in Syria and increased violence and persecution of civilians, the Argentine government has announced that it will begin to receive Syrian refugees in their country, being the second South American nation to do this after Uruguay.
"Paz para Siria" (Peace for Syria, in Spanish), the message of the Arab Argentine community during the opening parade of the XXXIV National Immigrant Festival in Oberá, Misiones.
Most of Syrians and Lebanese emigrating to Argentina established in northwest. The Syrians and Lebanese were mostly hawkers and did not practice agriculture. Thus, not settled in agricultural colonies, but stayed in the cities in greater numbers than other immigrants. The plan Sarmiento and Alberdi for populate regions had emptied of indigenous did not materialize, as most of the newcomers chose cities. Between 1945 and 1974 migratory flows Syrian - Lebanese to Argentina are increased due to the civil war in Lebanon. Already in the period from 1975 to 1977 decreases again. The first destination of these groups (Arabs, Syrian - Lebanese, Christians and Muslims) was the province of Buenos Aires and from there many expanded into the country, attracted by landscapes that resembled much of their land. So they settled in Salta, Jujuy, La Rioja, San Juan, Mendoza, Santiago del Estero, Misiones, Chaco and Patagonia. In these provinces were devoted primarily to agricultural tasks.
The Syrian Lebanese Club in Buenos Aires trying to help those crossing the ocean to escape the bombing. The modern media allow immigrants Syrians two things: help maintain relationships with their families living in Syria and keep them informed of the horrors they had to flee.