Syrian Interim Government

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Syrian Arab Republic
الجمهورية العربية السورية
Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-ʻArabīyah As-Sūrīyah
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Homat el Diyar
Guardians of the Homeland
Official languages Arabic
Government Semi-presidential republic
 -  President of the Syrian National Coalition Hadi al-Bahra[1]
 -  Prime Minister Ahmad Tu'mah
Legislature General Assembly
Establishment
 -  Formation 18 March 2013 

The Syrian Interim Government is an alternative government for Syria which has been formed by the opposition umbrella group, the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces.

History[edit]

At a conference held in Istanbul on 19 March 2013, members of National Coalition elected Ghassan Hitto as prime minister of an interim government for Syria. Hitto has announced that a technical government will be formed which will be led by between 10 and 12 ministers. The minister of defence is to be chosen by the Free Syrian Army.[2] As of 3 April 2013, the organization is "based in exile and lack an organizational base inside Syria."[3] The new ministries will not be placed in a single location but will be distributed in regions which are under the control of the Syrian opposition.[4] The government's main headquarters will be at an undisclosed location close to the Turkish-Syrian border.[5] The health ministry, the interior ministry and the housing ministry have not been filled because the officials chosen did not have 2/3 of the vote to confirm them.[6] A Christian, a Kurd and a woman are part of the appointed cabinet; Ahmad Ramadan, a member of the National Coalition, has stated that the cabinet was appointed on a meritocratic basis.[7] The Assyrian component of the National Coalition has stated that they were not given any attention in the selection of the cabinet.[7] The General Assembly has an administrative function.[8] The interim cabinet was dissolved on 22 July 2014.[9]

Recognition[edit]

List of Prime Ministers[edit]

No. Portrait Name Took office Left office Political party Note(s)
1 Syrian Interim Government coat of arms.svg Ghassan Hitto 18 March 2013 14 September 2013 Independent
Hitto failed to form a government and resigned on 8 July 2013
2 Syrian Interim Government coat of arms.svg Ahmad Tu'mah 14 September 2013 22 July 2014[9] Independent
(2) Syrian Interim Government coat of arms.svg Ahmad Tu'mah 14 October 2014[10] Present Independent
Second term

List of Ministers[edit]

Incumbent Office Since Until
Iyad Qudsi[11] Vice Prime Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
Nour Kholouf[12] Defense Minister May 2014[12] 22 July 2014[9]
Assad Mustapha[11] Defense Minister 11 November 2013 19 May 2014[13]
Ibrahim Miro[11] Economy and Finance Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
M Yassein Najjar[11] Communications, Transportation and Industry Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
Uthman al-Dawi[11] Local Administration and Humanitarian Aid Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
Fayez al-Zaher[11] Justice Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
Elias Warde[11] Energy Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
Walid al-Zohbi[11] Infrastructure and Agriculture Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
Taghrid al-Hajali[11] Culture and Family Minister 11 November 2013 22 July 2014[9]
vacant[11] Interior Minister
vacant[11] Health Minister
vacant[11] Housing Minister

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mikayla Bouchard (23 September 2014). "Syrian Opposition Leader: 'We Need Your Assistance'". ABC News. Retrieved 30 September 2014. 
  2. ^ "Syrian rebels to choose interim defence minister". World Bulletin. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  3. ^ Sayigh, Yezid (3 April 2013). "The Syria’s opposition 's leadership problem". Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "New ministries will not be in single location- Syrian opposition". World Bulletin. 2013-03-29. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  5. ^ "Interim gvt's HQ to be near Syrian-Turkish border". World Bulletin. 2013-03-27. Retrieved 2013-11-15. 
  6. ^ "Challenges await new interim government". The Daily Star. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "Syrian opposition government begins work as Kurds announce self-rule". Asharq Al-Awsat. 15 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "Syrian National Coalition Of Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces - General Body". 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Syrian opposition coalition dissolves interim government". 22 July 2014. Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  10. ^ "Al-Khodr re-elected PM of Syrian interim government". KUNA. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "First test for Syria rebel government: provide services". AFP. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "Syrian opposition plan to oust Islamist extremists awaits U.S. hearing". McClatchy DC. 12 July 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Syrian National Coalition defense minister resigns". 19 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 

External links[edit]