Liturgical Calendar of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church

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Syro Malabar Church has its own seasons around the year.[1] They are fixed according to the flow of salvation history. Concentrating themselves on 'Iso M'siha, i.e., on the historical life of Jesus Christ, the believers are led to the eschatological fulfilment, viz., the heavenly bliss, in this special arrangement of liturgical seasons.[2]

Mar Toma Nazranis (St. Thomas Christians) begin their liturgical year on the Sunday that comes between November 27 and December 3.

Seasons and Salvation History[edit]

The arrangement of the Seasons in the Liturgical Year is based on Six Central Events on Celebrations of the Salvation History. They are:

  1. Nativity of Iso
  2. Resurrection of Iso
  3. Pentecost
  4. Transfiguration
  5. Glorious Cross
  6. Parousia

Fixing of Seasons[edit]

All seasons begin on Sundays. 52 weeks are divided into Nine Seasons. Usually, there are seven weeks each for every Season; the first and last are permanent exceptions; five or six for Subara and four for Qudas-Edta. Resurrection of Iso-M'siha and Finding of the Glorious Cross are the two deciding Celebrations in the Liturgical Year. Resurrection is celebrated on the Sunday that follows the full moon day after March twenty first, the Spring Equinox. Finding of the Glorious Cross is celebrated always on September fourteenth.[3]

Liturgical Year and Gregorian Calendar 2013-2014[edit]

2014th Year after the birth of M'siha
Seasons Beginning End
1 Annunciation (Subara) December 1, 2013 January 4, 2014
2 Epiphany (Denha) January 5, 2014 March 1, 2014
3 Great Fast (Sawma Rabba) March 2, 2014 April 19, 2014
4 Resurrection (Qyamta) April 20, 2014 June 7, 2014
5 Apostles (Slihe) June 8, 2014 July 26, 2014
6 Summer (Qaita) July 27, 2014 September 6, 2014
7 Eliyah-Cross (Eliyah-Sliba) September 7, 2014 October 11, 2014
8 Weeks of Moses (Muse) October 12, 2014 November 1, 2014
9 Dedication of the Church (Qudas-Edta) November 2, 2014 November 29, 2014

The Seasons[edit]

Weeks of Annunciation (Subara)[edit]

It is a season of Good News, viz., the Season of the Annunciation of Salvation.

December 1, 2013 First Sunday
December 7, 2013 Shliha Mar Andreos
December 8, 2013 Second Sunday, Immaculate Conception of Blessed Virgin Mary
December 15, 2013 Third Sunday
December 18, 2013 Miracle of St. Thomas Cross
December 22, 2013 Fourth Sunday
December 25, 2013 Nativity of Iso
December 27, 2013 Shliha Mar Yohannan
December 28, 2013 Holy Infants
December 29, 2013 Fifth Sunday
January 1, 2014 Name Iso
January 3, 2014 Blessed Kuriakose Elias Chavara
January 3, 2014 Mary, Mother of Jesus

Weeks of Epiphany (Denha)[edit]

The public life of Iso-Msiha is celebrated during the Weeks of Epiphany.

January 5, 2014 First Sunday
January 6, 2014 Epiphany of Iso-Msiha
January 10, 2014 First Friday of Epiphany - Mar Yohannan Mamdana (St.John the Baptist)
January 12, 2014 Second Sunday
January 17, 2014 Second Friday of Epiphany - Apostles Peter and Paul
January 19, 2014 Third Sunday
January 20, 2014 Sahda Mar Sebastianos
January 24, 2014 Third Friday of Epiphany - Holy Evangelists
January 25, 2014 Shlihe Mar Thimothy & Mar Titus
January 26, 2014 Fourth Sunday
January 31, 2014 Fourth Friday of EpiphanyMartyr Esthapanos
February 2, 2014 Fifth Sunday,Our Lord's Entrance to the Temple
February 7, 2014 Fifth Friday of Epiphany - Greek Fathers
February 9, 2014 Sixth Sunday
February 10, 2014 3-day fast begins (Rogation of Ninivites)
February 12, 2014 3-day fast ends
February 13, 2014 Thursday after Rogation
February 14, 2014 Sixth Friday of Epiphany - Syriac Fathers
February 16, 2014 Seventh Sunday
February 21, 2014 Seventh Friday of Epiphany, Patron of the Church
February 23, 2014 Eighth Sunday
February 28, 2014 Eighth Friday of Epiphany - Departed Faithful (All Souls' Day)

Weeks of Great Fast (Sawma Rabba)[edit]

During the Weeks of Great Fast, Mar Toma Nazranis celebrate the Passion and Death of 'Iso-Msiha'

March 2, 2014 First Sunday, Petratha
March 3, 2014 50-day Fast begins
March 9, 2014 Second Sunday
March 16, 2014 Third Sunday
March 19, 2014 Mar Yawsep
March 23, 2014 Fourth Sunday
March 25, 2014 Annunciation to Mary
March 26, 2014 Mid-Fasting
March 30, 2014 Fifth Sunday
April 6, 2014 Sixth Sunday
April 13, 2014 Seventh Sunday, Osana(Palm) Sunday
April 17, 2014 Thursday of Pesha
April 18, 2014 Friday of Passion
April 19, 2014 Great Saturday

Weeks of Resurrection (Qyamta)[edit]

April 20, 2014 First Sunday, Great Sunday of Resurrection
April 21, 2014 Week of Weeks
April 22, 2014 Week of Weeks
April 23, 2014 Week of Weeks
April 24, 2014 Week of Weeks, Martyr Mar Giwargis
April 25, 2014 First Friday of Resurrection - All Confessors'(Saints') Day, Mar Markose Evangelist
April 27, 2014 New Sunday Feast of the Profession of Faith by Mar Toma Shliha
May 1, 2014 Mar Yawsep, the Worker
May 2, 2014 Mar Athanasius
May 3, 2014 Slihe Mar Philippose and Yakob
May 4, 2014 Third Sunday
May 11, 2014 Fourth Sunday
May 14, 2014 Sliha Mar Mathias
May 18, 2014 Fifth Sunday
May 25, 2014 Sixth Sunday
May 29, 2014 Ascension of 'Iso-Msiha'
May 31, 2014 Visitation to Elizabeth
June 1, 2014 Seventh Sunday
June 7, 2014 Blessed Mariam Thresia

Weeks of Apostles (Slihe)[edit]

June 8, 2014 First Sunday, Pentecost
June 9, 2014 Mar Aprem, Father of the Church
June 11, 2014 Sliha Mar Barnabas
June 13, 2014 Friday of Gold
June 15, 2014 Second Sunday
June 19, 2014 Precious Body and Blood of Jesus
June 22, 2014 Third Sunday
June 26, 2014 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Toma Sliha
June 27, 2014 Sacred Heart of Jesus
June 28, 2014 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Toma Sliha
June 29, 2014 Fourth Sunday, Shlihe Peter and Paul
June 30, 2014 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Toma Sliha
July 1, 2014 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Toma Sliha,
July 2, 2014 Preparing for Dukrana of Mar Toma Sliha
July 3, 2014 Dukrana of Mar Toma Sliha
July 6, 2014 Fifth Sunday
July 13, 2014 Sixth Sunday
July 15, 2014 Mar Quriaqos and mother Yolethe
July 16, 2014 Mother of Mount Carmel
July 20, 2014 Seventh Sunday
July 25, 2014 70 Disciples of Iso, Shliha Mar Yakob
July 26, 2014 Sainá

Weeks of Summer (Qaita)[edit]

July 27, 2014 First Sunday '12 Apostles: Nusardeil'
July 28, 2014 Marth Alphonsa
August 1, 2014 First Friday, Mar Yakob of Nisibis, 15-day fast begins
August 3, 2014 Second Sunday
August 6, 2014 Transfiguration of 'Iso-Msiha'
August 8, 2014 Second Friday, Mar Addai and Mar Mari, Teachers of the East
August 10, 2014 Third Sunday
August 15, 2014 'Assumption of Mary'
August 17, 2014 Fourth Sunday
August 24, 2014 Fifth Sunday
August 23, 2014 Sahda Mar Qardag
August 24, 2014 Shliha Mar Bartholomeo
August 29, 2014 Fifth Friday, Saint Simoni and her 7 sons, Blessed Euprasia
August 31, 2014 Sixth Sunday
September 1, 2014 8-day fast begins
September 5, 2014 Sixth Friday, Mar Simon Bar Sabbai and Companions

Weeks of Eliyah-Cross (Eliyah-Sliba)[edit]

September 7, 2014 First Sunday
September 8, 2014 'Nativity of Mary'
September 14, 2014 Second Sunday, Finding of Mar Sliha
September 21, 2014 Third Sunday,'Nativity of Mary'
September 22, 2014 Shliha Mar Mathai
September 28, 2014 Fourth Sunday
October 1, 2014 Saint Theresa of Lisieux
October 1, 2014 Saint Francis of Assisi
October 5, 2014 Fifth Sunday

Weeks of Moses (Muse)[edit]

October 12, 2014 First Sunday
October 15, 2014 Saint Therese of Avila, Doctor of the Church
October 16, 2014 Blessed Augustine Thevarparampil (Kunjachan)
October 17, 2014 Saint Ignatius of Antioch
October 18, 2014 Mar Luka, Evangelist
October 19, 2014 Second Sunday
October 26, 2014 Third Sunday
October 28, 2014 Slihe Mar Simon and Yuda Thadeus

Weeks of Dedication of the Church (Qudas-Edta)[edit]

November 2, 2014 First Sunday
November 5, 2014 Saints Zachariah and Elizabeth
November 9, 2014 Second Sunday
November 16, 2014 Third Sunday
November 23, 2014 Fourth Sunday
November 29, 2014 Shliha Mar Andreos, Last day of the Liturgical Year

Days of the Commencement of the Seasons 2010-2020[edit]

Seasons 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
1 Subara 29-Nov-09 28-Nov-10 27-Nov-11 2-Dec-12 1-Dec-13 30-Nov-14 29-Nov-15 27-Nov-16 3-Dec-17 2-Dec-18 1-Dec-19
2 Denha 3-Jan-10 9-Jan-11 8-Jan-12 6-Jan-13 5-Jan-14 4-Jan-15 3-Jan-16 8-Jan-17 7-Jan-18 6-Jan-19 5-Jan-20
3 Sawma Rabba 14-Feb 6-Mar 19-Feb 10-Feb 2-Mar 15-Feb 7-Feb 26-Feb 11-Feb 3-Mar 23-Feb
4 Qyamta 4-Apr 24-Apr 8-Apr 31-Mar 20-Apr 5-Apr 27-Mar 16-Apr 1-Apr 21-Apr 12-Apr
5 Slihe 23-May 12-Jun 27-May 19-May 8-Jun 24-May 15-May 4-Jun 20-May 9-Jun 31-May
6 Qaita 11-Jul 31-Jul 15-Jul 7-Jul 27-Jul 12-Jul 3-Jul 23-Jul 8-Jul 28-Jul 19-Jul
7 Elijah-Sliba 29-Aug 11-Sep 2-Sep 25-Aug 7-Sep 30-Aug 21-Aug 3-Sep 26-Aug 8-Sep 6-Sep
8 Muse 17-Oct 16-Oct 14-Oct 13-Oct 12-Oct 18-Oct 16-Oct 15-Oct 14-Oct 13-Oct 18-Oct
9 Qudas-Edta 31-Oct 30-Oct 4-Nov 3-Nov 2-Nov 1-Nov 30-Oct 5-Nov 4-Nov 3-Nov 1-Nov

Great Sunday of Resurrection (2000-2099)[4][edit]

In the Syro-Malabar Church, Great Sunday of Resurrection is always celebrated on a Sunday between March 22 (M22) and April 25 (A25) as per the calculations based on the Catholic Tradition. It is the first Sunday after the Paschal Full Moon, which is the first moon whose 14th day is on or after the "vernal equinox". Here are the dates of the Great Sunday of Resurrection from 2000 to 2099. Years are arranged row-wise in an ascending manner. For better alignment, March and April are bifurcated. Identify the year and look at the column header to find the exact date.

March


M22 M23 M24 M25 M26 M27 M28 M29 M30 M31
  2008       2005       2002
          2016       2013
            2027     2024
      2035     2032 2043    
      2046       2054    
                2059  
        2062     2065 2070  
        2073          
        2084       2081 2086
                2092 2097
                   

April

A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A20 A21 A22 A23 A24 A25
      2010       2007     2004 2009     2001 2006       2003     2000 2011  
2018     2021 2015     2012 2023     2020       2017 2022     2014 2019        
2029       2026               2031     2028       2025 2030        
2040       2037 2042     2034 2039     2036       2033       2041       2038
  2051     2048 2053     2045 2050       2047     2044 2049     2052        
  2056                       2058       2055       2057      
    2067     2064       2061 2066     2069 2063     2060 2071     2068      
    2078       2075     2072 2077       2074       2076       2079    
    2089 2083     2080 2091     2088       2085 2090     2082 2087          
      2094               2093     2096         2098       2095  
                      2099                          

Nasrani Calendar: An Online Dynamic Liturgical Calendar [5][edit]

Nasrani Foundation, an organisation of Mar Thoma Nasranis has developed a dynamic Calendar based on the liturgical seasons of Syro-Malabar Church. The calendar is a handy tool for those who want to organize their life according to the liturgical seasons of the Church. The calendar contains almost all the information on the liturgical year of the Syro-Malabar Church. The calendar also provides instant access to daily Bible verses and short articles on important feasts of the Syro-Malabar Church. Pre-recorded Bible verses (from Peshitta Bible) and biblical reflections written by well-known theologians on Sundays and feast days are of most help to the faithful. Moreover, one can opt for receiving email alerts based on the calendar. Using this calendar, Syro-Malabar faithful can keep themselves updated with the liturgical life cycle of the Church.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://pathikulangara.in/Calendar.htm
  2. ^ Pathikulangara, Varghese. Mar Toma Margam, (A New Catechism for the St. Thomas Christians of India), Kottayam: Denha Services, 2004
  3. ^ http://www.pathikulangara.in/Archive.htm
  4. ^ http://users.sa.chariot.net.au/~gmarts/eastcalc.htm
  5. ^ http://www.nasranifoundation.org/calendar/

External links[edit]

Websites Websites
Syro-Malabar Church Official website Archdiocese of Ernakulam-Angamaly See of Syro-Malabar Church
The website for Synod of Diamper Archdiocese of Changanacherry
Archdiocese of Trichur Archdiocese of Tellicherry
Archdiocese of Kottayam St. Thomas Syro Malabar Catholic Church of San Francisco
Diocese of Palai St. Raphael Syro Malabar Catholic Mission of Cleveland
St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Church of Philadelphia Syro-Malabar Mission of Los Angeles
St. Alphonsa Syro-Malabar Church Dallas Syro-Malabar Mission of Los Angeles
Syro-Malabar Mission of New Jersey Welcome to Indian Christianity
Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux: CST Brothers Carmelites of Mary Immaculate Homepage
Syro-Malabar / Discalced Carmelite Nuns Syro-Malabar prayer texts in Malayalam