Szabolcs County

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Szabolcs County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1918

Coat of arms of Szabolcs

Coat of arms

Location of Szabolcs
Capital Nyíregyháza
47°57′N 21°43′E / 47.950°N 21.717°E / 47.950; 21.717Coordinates: 47°57′N 21°43′E / 47.950°N 21.717°E / 47.950; 21.717
History
 -  Established 11th century
 -  Disestablished 1918
Area
 -  1910 4,637 km2 (1,790 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 319,818 
Density 69 /km2  (178.6 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary, Ukraine

Szabolcs was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary in present-day northeastern Hungary. The capital of the county was Nyíregyháza.

Geography[edit]

Szabolcs county shared borders with the counties Borsod, Zemplén (Zemplín), Ung, Bereg, Szatmár, Bihar and Hajdú. It was situated mostly south of the river Tisza. Its area was 4637 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Szabolcs is one of the oldest counties of the Kingdom of Hungary. After World War I, it was merged with a very small part of former Ung County to form Szabolcs-Ung county, with capital Nyíregyháza. But, villages of Eszeny (Esen) Szalóka (Solovka) and Tiszaágtelek (Tisaahtelek) at Tisza district were passed to Czechoslovakia. These villages were returned to Hungary between 1938 and 1944 but were passed to Soviet Union in 1945. Now, they are part of Ukraine after 1991. After World War II, the county was merged with the Hungarian parts of Szatmár and Bereg counties to form Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg county. Some parts of Szabolcs county (around Polgár and north-east of Debrecen) are now in Hajdú-Bihar county.

Demographics[edit]

1880[edit]

In 1880, the county had a population of 214,008 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1880, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 288,672 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 319,818 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[5]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[6]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Szabolcs county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Dada alsó Tiszalök
Dada felső Gáva
Kisvárda Kisvárda
Ligetalja Nyíracsád
Nagykálló Nagykálló
Nyírbakta Nyírbakta
Nyírbátor Nyírbátor
Nyírbogdány Kemecse
Tisza Mándok
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Nyíregyháza

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://mtdaportal.extra.hu/adatbazisok.html
  2. ^ http://mtdaportal.extra.hu/adatbazisok.html
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  6. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.