Szatmár County

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Szatmár County
Szatmár vármegye
Comitatul Sătmar
Comitatus Szathmariensis
Komitat Sathmar
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
11th century–1920

Coat of arms of Szatmár

Coat of arms

Location of Szatmár
Capital Nagykároly
47°41′N 22°28′E / 47.683°N 22.467°E / 47.683; 22.467Coordinates: 47°41′N 22°28′E / 47.683°N 22.467°E / 47.683; 22.467
History
 -  Established 11th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 6,287 km2 (2,427 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 396,632 
Density 63.1 /km2  (163.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania, Hungary, Ukraine (For village of Velika Palad)
Carei is the current name of the capital.

Szatmár County (Hungarian: Szatmár vármegye [ˈsɒtmaːr ˈvaːrmɛɟɛ]) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania and north-eastern Hungary, south of the river Tisza. The capital of the county was Nagykároly, today called Carei (in Romanian).

Geography[edit]

Szatmár county shared borders with the former Hungarian counties Szabolcs, Bereg, Ugocsa, Máramaros, Szolnok-Doboka, Szilágy and Bihar. It was situated south of the river Tisza. The river Someş/Szamos flows through the county. Its area was 6257 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned most of the territory of the county to Romania, while Velika Palad (formerly Nagypalád) village was passed to Czechoslovakia in 1921 after border adjustment agreement with Romania. According to the agreement also Akli (now Okli) and Fertősalmás (It was known as Ferkeš-Almaš in Romania and Czechoslovakia, now Fertesolmas) villages were passed to Czechoslovakia; whereas Bocskó (Bočkov in Czech, now Bocicău), Ugocsakomlós (Komlóš in Czech, now Comlăușa), Avaspatak (Suchý Potok in Czech, now Valea Seacă), Nagytarna (Veľkú Terna in Czech, now Tarna Mare) ones and several municipalities in Podkarpat Rus were passed to Romania.[1] The northwest of the county remained in Hungary, and formed the new county Szatmár-Ugocsa-Bereg with parts of the former Bereg and Ugocsa counties. The capital of this county was Mátészalka, which was previously in Szatmár county. According to First Vienna Award Velika Palad was returned to Hungary but passed to USSR in 1945. Romanian part of it was occupied by Hungary between 1940 and 1944 during World War II.

After World War II, the county Szatmár-Ugocsa-Bereg was merged with Szabolcs county to form Szabolcs-Szatmár county. This county was renamed Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg in the 1990s.

The Romanian part of the county is now part of the Romanian county Satu Mare, except the easternmost part (including Baia Mare), which is in Maramureş county.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 367,570 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[2]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[3]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 396,632 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[4]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[5]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Szatmár county were:

Szatmár County, 1782–85
Districts (járás)
District Capital
Nagykároly Nagykároly, ro: Carei
Szatmárnémeti Szatmárnémeti, ro: Satu Mare
Csenger Csenger
Fehérgyarmat Fehérgyarmat
Mátészalka Mátészalka
Szinérváralja Szinérváralja, ro: Seini
Nagybánya Nagybánya, ro: Baia Mare
Nagysomkút Nagysomkút, ro: Şomcuta Mare
Erdőd Erdőd, ro: Ardud
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Szatmárnémeti, ro: Satu Mare
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Nagykároly, ro: Carei
Nagybánya, ro: Baia Mare
Felsőbánya, ro: Baia Sprie

Csenger, Fehérgyarmat and Mátészalka are now in Hungary; the other towns mentioned are now in Romania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://users.prf.cuni.cz/leskr2aj/zmluvy.html
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  5. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19.