Szczodre

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Szczodre
Village
Remains of Sibyllenort Palace
Remains of Sibyllenort Palace
Szczodre is located in Poland
Szczodre
Szczodre
Coordinates: 51°11′43″N 17°11′2″E / 51.19528°N 17.18389°E / 51.19528; 17.18389
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Lower Silesian
County Wrocław County
Gmina Długołęka

Szczodre [ˈʂt͡ʂɔdrɛ] (1945-1948: Sybilin, German: Sibyllenort) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Długołęka, within Wrocław County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.[1] Prior to 1945 it was in Germany.

Geography[edit]

The settlement is located within the Silesian Lowlands, approximately 3 kilometres (2 mi) north of Długołęka, and 13 kilometres (8 mi) north-east of the regional capital Wrocław.

History[edit]

Sibyllenort Palace, 1932 condition

Around the 10th century Mieszko I of Poland included these areas to the nation of the Polans (Piast dynasty).

The village in the Polish Duchy of Silesia was first mentioned as Palici in a 1245 deed. From 1315 the seat of the Rastelwitz noble family, it was completely destroyed in 1643 during the Thirty Years' War.

The Prittwitz noble family had the locality of Neudorf rebuilt, which in 1685 was acquird by Christian Ulrich I of Württemberg, then Duke of Bernstadt. He had a Baroque palace built, named Sibyllenort after his second wife Sibylle Maria, daughter of Duke Christian I of Saxe-Merseburg. Held by the Dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg from 1792, the castle was rebuilt several times, once again 182 in a Tudor style at the behest of Duke William of Brunswick.

Upon Wilhelm's death at Sybillenort in 1884, the possessions fell to the royal Saxon House of Wettin.

The Archduchess Louise of Austria, consort of the last King of Saxony, Frederick Augustus III, recounts the following about Sibyllenort Castle in her memoirs:

"In the summer of 1902 we were in the country, but our usually pleasant holiday was clouded by the serious condition of King Albert, who was on the point of death. The King and Queen were staying at the Castle of Sibyllenort near Breslau in Silesia, a beautiful residence given by the last Duke of Brunswick to the then King of Saxony. The castle contains four hundred rooms, and it was the scene of many scandalous orgies in the later forties. The Duke, who was a great admirer of the fair sex, had a private theatre there, and the ballet was composed of numerous pretty girls, whom he kept in harem-like seclusion. I remember seeing some rather startling pictures when I visited the castle as a girl of sixteen, but these were very properly banished by Queen Carola's orders, and Sibyllenort became a highly decorous royal residence."[2]

Two kings of Saxony died here, Albert in 1902 and Frederick Augustus III, the last after his 1918 abdication, in 1932.

A part of the palace was burnt by German Wehrmacht and SS troops in January 1945. In the neighboring city of Breslau there was a battle a month later called the Siege of Breslau. German soldiers did deliberately destroy buildings in Breslau and Sibyllenort (Szczodre). Later the German soldiers retreated from the advancing Russian communist army. These areas where the village Szczodre is located were included in the Peoples Republic of Poland. The palatial building was dismantled in 1957.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Central Statistical Office (GUS) – TERYT (National Register of Territorial Land Apportionment Journal)" (in Polish). 2008-06-01. 
  2. ^ Luise von Österreich-Toskana: My Own Story, Nash, London 1911

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°11′43″N 17°11′2″E / 51.19528°N 17.18389°E / 51.19528; 17.18389