Szeben County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Szeben County
Comitatul Sibiu
Comitatus Cibinensis
Szeben vármegye
Komitat Hermannstadt
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Szeben

Coat of arms

Location of Szeben
Capital Nagyszeben
45°48′N 24°9′E / 45.800°N 24.150°E / 45.800; 24.150Coordinates: 45°48′N 24°9′E / 45.800°N 24.150°E / 45.800; 24.150
History
 -  Established 1876
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,619 km2 (1,397 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 176,900 
Density 48.9 /km2  (126.6 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Sibiu is the current name of the capital.

Szeben was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (southern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Sibiu (Romanian, Nagyszeben in Hungarian).

Geography[edit]

Szeben county shared borders with Romania and the Hungarian counties Hunyad, Alsó-Fehér, Nagy-Küküllő and Fogaras. The river Olt flows through the county. Its area was 3619 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Szeben county was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed. In 1918 (confirmed by the Treaty of Trianon 1920), the county became part of Romania. Its territory lies in the present Romanian counties Sibiu and Alba (the area around Sebeş).

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 229,361 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 176,921 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Szeben county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Nagydisznód Nagydisznód, RO Cisnădie
Nagyszeben Nagyszeben, RO Sibiu
Szászsebes Szászsebes, RO Sebeş
Szelistye Szelistye, RO Săliște
Szerdahely Szerdahely, RO Miercurea Sibiului
Újegyház Újegyház, RO Nocrich
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Nagyszeben, RO Sibiu
Szászsebes, RO Sebeş

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-20.