Szekszárd

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Szekszárd
City
Aerial view
Aerial view
Coat of arms of Szekszárd
Coat of arms
Szekszárd is located in Hungary
Szekszárd
Szekszárd
Location of Szekszárd
Coordinates: 46°21′21″N 18°42′14″E / 46.35597°N 18.70382°E / 46.35597; 18.70382Coordinates: 46°21′21″N 18°42′14″E / 46.35597°N 18.70382°E / 46.35597; 18.70382
Country  Hungary
County Tolna
Area
 • Total 96.27 km2 (37.17 sq mi)
Elevation 83 m (272 ft)
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 33,720
 • Density 359.98/km2 (932.3/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 7100
Area code(s) 74
Website www.szekszard.hu

Szekszárd (German: Sechshard, Croatian: Seksar) is a city in Hungary and the capital of Tolna county. By population, Szekszárd is the smallest county capital in Hungary; by area, it is the second smallest (after Tatabánya).

Location[edit]

Szekszárd lies at the meeting point of the Transdanubian Hills and the Great Hungarian Plain.

History[edit]

City center
Babits Memorial House

Szekszárd was first mentioned in 1015. The Benedictine monastery of the town was founded by King Béla I in 1061.

During the reign of King Matthias, Szekszárd was the estate of Bishop John, who was involved in a conspiracy against the king. Because of this, King Matthias ordered the castle of Szekszárd to be demolished.

In 1485, Szekszárd was already a significant town, holding five market days a year, but during the Turkish ascendancy of Hungary, the town became deserted and the monastery was destroyed.

By the 18th century, Szekszárd was again a significant town, it became a county seat, and got a coat of arms. The town was destroyed by a fire in 1794, but it could not stop the town's development. Most of the important buildings – including the town hall, the County Hall and several churches – were built during the 19th century. By this time, Szekszárd already had 14,000 residents.

Mihály Babits, an important Hungarian poet was born in Szekszárd.

In 1994, Szekszárd was granted the rank of city with county rights, in accordance with a new law stating that all county seats are cities with county rights. (Previously only cities with a population over 50,000 were granted county rights, and Szekszárd was one of only two county seats that had a smaller population than 50,000; the other was Salgótarján).

Main sights[edit]

Church of King Béla square
  • Old county hall (neo-Classical style)
  • Augusz manor (Franz Liszt was a guest here)
  • Deutsche Bühne, Ungarn
  • Birthplace of Mihály Babits, museum
  • Birthplace of Valéria Dienes
  • Ruins of Benedictine monastery
  • János Garay, Poet, Square and Statue

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Szekszárd is twinned with:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]