Szilard–Chalmers effect

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The Szilard–Chalmers effect is defined as the breaking of a chemical bond between an atom and the molecule which the atom is part of, as a result of a nuclear reaction of the atom. The effect can be used to separate isotopes by chemical means.

The discovery of this effect is due to L. Szilárd and T.A. Chalmers.


  • L. Szilard and T. A. Chalmers (1934). "Chemical separation of the radioactive element from its bombarded isotope in the Fermi effect". Nature. 134: 462. doi:10.1038/134462b0.