Târgu Frumos

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Târgu Frumos
Town
Coat of arms of Târgu Frumos
Coat of arms
Târgu Frumos is located in Romania
Târgu Frumos
Târgu Frumos
Location of Târgu Frumos
Coordinates: 47°12′35″N 27°00′47″E / 47.20972°N 27.01306°E / 47.20972; 27.01306Coordinates: 47°12′35″N 27°00′47″E / 47.20972°N 27.01306°E / 47.20972; 27.01306
Country  Romania
County Iași
Status Town
Government
 • Mayor Ionel Vatamanu (Social Democratic Party)
Area
 • Total 15.13 km2 (5.84 sq mi)
Population (2002)
 • Total 13,619
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Târgu Frumos (alternative spelling Tîrgu Frumos, Romanian pronunciation: [ˌtɨrɡu fruˈmos], also Târgul / Tîrgul Frumos) is a town in Iaşi County, Moldavia, Romania. As of 2004 it has a population of 13,619. Eleven villages were administered by the town until 2004, when they were split off to form Balş, Costeşti and Ion Neculce Communes.

History[edit]

During World War II, in March and May 1944, this area was the scene of the two Battles of Târgu Frumos, part of the First Jassy-Kishinev Offensive.

According to the 1930 census, 1,608 Jews lived in Târgu Frumos. In the fall of 1940, all Jewish men, from 18 to 50 years old, were subjected to forced labor. Many were sent to the work camp Tudoreni-Rechita, situated in Botoşani county, while others were deported to Transnistria. Târgu Frumos was also a 24 hour-stop of the "Death train" going to the Călăraşi camp. On July 1, 1941, when the train arrived in Târgu Frumos, 654 bodies were removed from the train and transported to the local Jewish cemetery where they were buried.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1912 4,986 —    
1930 4,932 −1.1%
1948 4,665 −5.4%
1977 7,165 +53.6%
1992 13,875 +93.6%
2002 13,763 −0.8%
2011 9,386 −31.8%
Source: Census data

As of 2011, 9,386 people inhabited the town, 81.6% Romanians, 9.14% Lipovans and 9.08% Roma.

Natives[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]