Turkish Cup

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Ziraat Türkiye Kupası
Country  Turkey
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1962
First season 1962–63
Divisions 5
Number of teams 158
International cup(s) UEFA Europa League
Current champions Galatasaray (15th title)
(2013–14)
Most championships Galatasaray (15 titles)
Most capped player Şenol Güneş (84 matches)
Top goalscorer Hami Mandıralı (31 goals)
TV partners ATV & A Haber
Website Turkish Cup
2013–14 Turkish Cup

The Turkish Cup (Turkish: Türkiye Kupası) is a football cup competition in Turkish football, run by the Turkish Football Federation since 1962. During a brief sponsorship period with Fortis, its sponsored name was Fortis Türkiye Kupası. Now Ziraat Bankası is the sponsor and the sponsored name for the cup is Ziraat Türkiye Kupası.[1]

The cup was created in 1962 and has taken place every year since then. Many different formats, including a pure knockout competition and group stages, have been tried and finally for the 2012–13 season, an expanded tournament format has been adopted. A record 156 teams compete in the tournament. After five knockout rounds, a round-robin group stage is contested. Group winners and runners-up play in semi-finals and finals.[2] Galatasaray are the current holders of the cup.

Tournament format[edit]

The current format of the Turkish Cup consists of 156 clubs from the top four leagues of the Turkish football league system and the Turkish Regional Amateur League. The first round consists of 86 clubs from the TFF Third League and Turkish Regional Amateur League. The second round consists of winners from the first round alongside clubs from the Süper Lig, TFF First League and TFF Second League. Teams playing in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League enter at the fourth round. After the fifth round, 8 winners are drawn into two groups of four teams and play in a round-robin tournament. Winners and runners-up of the groups play in semi-finals as two-legged ties. Winners of the semi-finals play the final match in a neutral ground.[2]

The final consists of a single match that takes place in a neutral setting. The winner of the cup earns a spot in the play-off round of the UEFA Europa League, and also plays in the Turkish Super Cup against the Süper Lig champions. If the winner of the cup has already secured a spot in a European competition because of their league finish, the runners-up are sent to compete.[2] Because of this, Kayseri Erciyesspor competed in the 2007–08 UEFA Cup despite being relegated to the TFF First League that season.

Team distribution[edit]

Current format has teams entering at various stages to the tournament.

Round Clubs remaining Clubs involved Winners from previous round New entries this round Leagues entering at this round
First round 156 86 none 86 TFF Third League & Turkish Regional Amateur League
Second round 113 108 43 65 Süper Lig & TFF First League & TFF Second League
Third round 59 54 54 none none
Fourth round 32 32 27 5 Süper Lig
Fifth round 16 16 16 none none
Group stage 8 8 8 none none
Semi-finals 4 4 4 none none
Final 2 2 2 none none

Trophy and prize money[edit]

Picture of the 2009–10 Turkish Cup Trophy, won by Trabzonspor. This is the current design of the trophy, used since 2005.

Turkish Football Federation awards the Turkish Cup trophy (current design is seen on the right) to the winners of the final. Cup winners and runners-up receive 50 medals each. Also prize money is given away. TFF awards prizes not by winning a round, but just by reaching the round. The final match is an exception, where runners-up receive less than cup winners. The prize money is in United States dollars. A sum of $10,500,000 worth prize money is awarded to participating teams. As an honour of the tournament, the cup winner club wears a roundel of the Turkish flag in the next footballing season.

Round Number of teams Prize per team ($) Total prize ($)
First round 22 20,000 440,000
Second round 28 20,000 560,000
Third round 32 85,000 2,720,000
Fourth round 16 115,000 1,840,000
Quarter-finalists 8 140,000 1,120,000
Semi-finalists 4 380,000 1,520,000
Runners-up 1 900,000 900,000
Cup winners 1 1,400,000 1,400,000

Winners[edit]

Key[edit]

Bold Indicates the winning team
aet Winner won after extra time
p Winner won by a penalty shoot-out after extra time
wo Winner won by a walkover

Finals[edit]

Season Home team Score Away team Venue Attendance[3][4]
1962–63 Galatasaray 2–1 Fenerbahçe İnönü Stadium 23,740
Fenerbahçe 1–2 Galatasaray İnönü Stadium 27,361
Galatasaray won 4–2 on aggregate.
1963–64 Altay 0–0 Galatasaray İzmir Alsancak Stadium 8,035
Galatasaray 3–0 (wo) Altay İnönü Stadium
Altay did not play the second leg, thus Galatasaray were awarded a 3–0 win.[5]
1964–65 Galatasaray 0–0 Fenerbahçe İnönü Stadium 34,302
Fenerbahçe 0–1 Galatasaray İnönü Stadium 24,973
Galatasaray won 1–0 on aggregate.
1965–66 Galatasaray 1–0 Beşiktaş İnönü Stadium 33,446
1966–67 Altay 0–0 Göztepe İzmir Alsancak Stadium
Altay won on coin toss.[5]
1967–68 Fenerbahçe 2–0 Altay İnönü Stadium 32,712
Altay 1–0 Fenerbahçe İzmir Alsancak Stadium 18,130
Fenerbahçe won 2–1 on aggregate.
1968–69 Göztepe 1–0 Galatasaray İzmir Alsancak Stadium
Galatasaray 1–1 (a.e.t.) Göztepe İnönü Stadium 24,830
Göztepe won 2–1 on aggregate.
1969–70 Eskişehirspor 2–1 Göztepe Eskişehir Atatürk Stadium
Göztepe 3–1 Eskişehirspor İzmir Alsancak Stadium
Göztepe won 4–3 on aggregate.
1970–71 Bursaspor 1–0 Eskişehirspor Bursa Atatürk Stadium
Eskişehirspor 2–0 Bursaspor Eskişehir Atatürk Stadium
Eskişehirspor won 2–1 on aggregate.
1971–72 Altay 0–0 Ankaragücü İzmir Atatürk Stadium 30,000
Ankaragücü 3–0 Altay Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium
Ankaragücü won 3–0 on aggregate.
1972–73 Galatasaray 3–1 Ankaragücü İnönü Stadium 20,824
Ankaragücü 1–1 Galatasaray Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 21,612
Galatasaray won 4–2 on aggregate.
1973–74 Bursaspor 1–0 Fenerbahçe Bursa Atatürk Stadium
Fenerbahçe 3–0 Bursaspor İnönü Stadium 23,622
Fenerbahçe won 3–1 on aggregate.
1974–75 Trabzonspor 1–0 Beşiktaş Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium
Beşiktaş 2–0 Trabzonspor BJK İnönü Stadium
Beşiktaş won 2–1 on aggregate.
1975–76 Trabzonspor 1–0 Galatasaray Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium 12,000
Galatasaray 1–0 (5–4 p) Trabzonspor İnönü Stadium 42,039
Galatasaray won by a penalty shootout.
1976–77 Trabzonspor 1–0 Beşiktaş Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium
Beşiktaş 0–0 Trabzonspor BJK İnönü Stadium 39,626
Trabzonspor won 1–0 on aggregate.
1977–78 Trabzonspor 3–0 Adana Demirspor Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium 6,000
Adana Demirspor 0–0 Trabzonspor Adana 5 Ocak Stadium
Trabzonspor won 3–0 on aggregate.
1978–79 Altay 2–1 Fenerbahçe İzmir Alsancak Stadium 6,250
Fenerbahçe 2–0 Altay İnönü Stadium 16,956
Fenerbahçe won 3–2 on aggregate.
1979–80 Altay 1–0 Galatasaray İzmir Alsancak Stadium 18,032
Galatasaray 1–1 Altay İnönü Stadium 30,650
Altay won 2–1 on aggregate.
1980–81 Ankaragücü 2–1 Boluspor Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 13,357
Boluspor 0–0 Ankaragücü Bolu Atatürk Stadium
Ankaragücü won 2–1 on aggregate.
1981–82 Galatasaray 3–0 Ankaragücü Ali Sami Yen Stadium 34,311
Ankaragücü 2–1 Galatasaray Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 20,045
Galatasaray won 4–2 on aggregate.
1982–83 Fenerbahçe 2–0 Mersin İdman Yurdu Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium
Mersin İdman Yurdu 1–2 Fenerbahçe Tevfik Sırrı Gür Stadium 18,000
Fenerbahçe won 4–1 on aggregate.
1983–84 Trabzonspor 2–0 (a.e.t.) Beşiktaş İzmir Atatürk Stadium 17,956
1984–85 Trabzonspor 1–2 Galatasaray Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium
Galatasaray 0–0 Trabzonspor İnönü Stadium 21,214
Galatasaray won 2–1 on aggregate.
1985–86 Bursaspor 2–0 Altay Bursa Atatürk Stadium 18,823
1986–87 Gençlerbirliği 5–0 Eskişehirspor Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 13,792
Eskişehirspor 2–1 Gençlerbirliği Eskişehir Atatürk Stadium
Gençlerbirliği won 6–2 on aggregate.
1987–88 Sakaryaspor 2–0 Samsunspor Sakarya Atatürk Stadium 6,000
Samsunspor 1–1 Sakaryaspor Samsun 19 Mayıs Stadium
Sakaryaspor won 3–1 on aggregate.
1988–89 Fenerbahçe 0–1 Beşiktaş Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium 6,120
Beşiktaş 2–1 Fenerbahçe BJK İnönü Stadium 16,678
Beşiktaş won 3–1 on aggregate.
1989–90 Beşiktaş 2–0 Trabzonspor İzmir Atatürk Stadium 27,066
1990–91 Galatasaray 3–1 (a.e.t.) Ankaragücü İzmir Atatürk Stadium 20,240
1991–92 Bursaspor 3–0 Trabzonspor Bursa Atatürk Stadium
Trabzonspor 5–1 Bursaspor Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium
Trabzonspor won 5–4 on aggregate.
1992–93 Galatasaray 1–0 Beşiktaş Ali Sami Yen Stadium 22,446
Beşiktaş 2–2 Galatasaray BJK İnönü Stadium 21,582
Galatasaray won 3–2 on aggregate.
1993–94 Galatasaray 0–0 Beşiktaş Ali Sami Yen Stadium
Beşiktaş 3–2 Galatasaray BJK İnönü Stadium 23,400
Beşiktaş won 3–2 on aggregate.
1994–95 Galatasaray 2–3 Trabzonspor Ali Sami Yen Stadium 27,827
Trabzonspor 1–0 Galatasaray Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium 22,000
Trabzonspor won 4–2 on aggregate.
1995–96 Galatasaray 1–0 Fenerbahçe Ali Sami Yen Stadium 24,285
Fenerbahçe 1–1 (a.e.t.) Galatasaray Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium 26,420
Galatasaray won 2–1 on aggregate.
1996–97 Trabzonspor 1–1 Kocaelispor Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium
Kocaelispor 1–0 Trabzonspor Ismet Pasa Stadium
Kocaelispor won 2–1 on aggregate.
1997–98 Beşiktaş 1–1 Galatasaray BJK İnönü Stadium
Galatasaray 1–1 (2–4 p) Beşiktaş Ali Sami Yen Stadium 26,000
Beşiktaş won by a penalty shootout.
1998–99 Galatasaray 0–0 Beşiktaş Ali Sami Yen Stadium 14,513
Beşiktaş 0–2 Galatasaray BJK İnönü Stadium
Galatasaray won 2–0 on aggregate.
1999–00 Antalyaspor 3–5 (a.e.t.) Galatasaray Diyarbakır Atatürk Stadium 14,000
2000–01 Fenerbahçe 2–2 (1–4 p) Gençlerbirliği Kayseri Atatürk Stadium 18,000
2001–02 Kocaelispor 4–0 Beşiktaş Bursa Atatürk Stadium 18,000
2002–03 Gençlerbirliği 1–3 Trabzonspor Antalya Atatürk Stadium 10,000
2003–04 Trabzonspor 4–0 Gençlerbirliği Atatürk Olympic Stadium 40,000
2004–05 Galatasaray 5–1 Fenerbahçe Atatürk Olympic Stadium 17,061
2005–06 Fenerbahçe 2–3 (a.e.t.) Beşiktaş İzmir Atatürk Stadium 50,000
2006–07 Kayseri Erciyesspor 0–1 (a.e.t.) Beşiktaş İzmir Atatürk Stadium 40,000
2007–08 Gençlerbirliği 0–0 (10–11 p) Kayserispor Bursa Atatürk Stadium 17,000
2008–09 Beşiktaş 4–2 Fenerbahçe İzmir Atatürk Stadium 50,000
2009–10 Trabzonspor 3–1 Fenerbahçe Şanlıurfa GAP Stadium 28,000
2010–11 Beşiktaş 2–2 (4–3 p) İstanbul B.B. Kadir Has Stadium 28,000
2011–12 Bursaspor 0–4 Fenerbahçe Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 19,500
2012–13 Fenerbahçe 1–0 Trabzonspor Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 18,250[6]
2013–14 Galatasaray 1–0 Eskişehirspor Konya Atatürk Stadium 22,456[7]
2014–15 Timsah Arena

Performance by club[edit]

Club Wins Runners-up Winning % Winning Years Years runner-up
Galatasaray 15 5 75% 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1973, 1976, 1982, 1985, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2014 1969, 1980, 1994, 1995, 1998
Beşiktaş 9 6 60% 1975, 1989, 1990, 1994, 1998, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011 1966, 1977, 1984, 1993, 1999, 2002
Trabzonspor 8 6 57% 1977, 1978, 1984, 1992, 1995, 2003, 2004, 2010 1975, 1976, 1985, 1990, 1997, 2013
Fenerbahçe 6 9 40% 1968, 1974, 1979, 1983, 2012, 2013 1963, 1965, 1989, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010
Altay 2 5 29% 1967, 1980 1964, 1968, 1972, 1979, 1986
Ankaragücü 2 3 40% 1972, 1981 1973, 1982, 1991
Gençlerbirliği 2 3 40% 1987, 2001 2003, 2004, 2008
Göztepe 2 1 67% 1969, 1970 1967
Kocaelispor 2 0 100% 1997, 2002
Bursaspor 1 4 20% 1986 1971, 1974, 1992, 2012
Eskişehirspor 1 3 25% 1971 1970, 1987, 2014
Sakaryaspor 1 0 100% 1988
Kayserispor 1 0 100% 2008
Boluspor 0 1 0% 1981
Kayseri Erciyesspor 0 1 0% 2007
Adana Demirspor 0 1 0% 1978
Mersin İdman Yurdu 0 1 0% 1983
Samsunspor 0 1 0% 1988
Antalyaspor 0 1 0% 2000
İstanbul B.B. 0 1 0% 2011

Finals venues and host cities[edit]

Turkish Cup is located in Turkey
İstanbul
İstanbul
İzmir
İzmir
Trabzon
Trabzon
Bursa
Bursa
Ankara
Ankara
Eskişehir
Eskişehir
Kayseri
Kayseri
Adana
Adana
Bolu
Bolu
Samsun
Samsun
Mersin
Mersin
Şanlıurfa
Şanlıurfa
Adapazarı
Adapazarı
İzmit
İzmit
Diyarbakır
Diyarbakır
Antalya
Antalya
Konya
Konya
Host cities of the Turkish Cup
Venue # hosted Last final City # hosted
BJK İnönü Stadium 21 1999 İstanbul 33
Hüseyin Avni Aker Stadium 8 1997 Trabzon 8
İzmir Atatürk Stadium 7 2009 İzmir 14
Ali Sami Yen Stadium 7 1999 İstanbul 33
İzmir Alsancak Stadium 7 1980 İzmir 14
Ankara 19 Mayıs Stadium 7 2013 Ankara 7
Bursa Atatürk Stadium 6 2008 Bursa 7
Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium 3 1996 İstanbul 33
Eskişehir Atatürk Stadium 3 1987 Eskişehir 3
Atatürk Olympic Stadium 2 2005 İstanbul 33
Kadir Has Stadium 1 2011 Kayseri 2
Şanlıurfa GAP Stadium 1 2010 Şanlıurfa 1
Antalya Atatürk Stadium 1 2003 Antalya 1
Kayseri Atatürk Stadium 1 2001 Kayseri 2
Diyarbakır Atatürk Stadium 1 2000 Diyarbakır 1
Ismet Pasa Stadium 1 1997 İzmit 1
Sakarya Atatürk Stadium 1 1988 Adapazarı 1
Samsun 19 Mayıs Stadium 1 1988 Samsun 1
Tevfik Sırrı Gür Stadium 1 1983 Mersin 1
Bolu Atatürk Stadium 1 1981 Bolu 1
Adana 5 Ocak Stadium 1 1978 Adana 1
Konya Atatürk Stadium 1 2014 Konya 1
Timsah Arena 1 2015 Bursa 7

Records[edit]

The winners of Turkish Cup gain the right to wear a roundel of the Turkish flag on their shirt during the next footballing season.

Most common finals matchups[edit]

# of finals Team Won Team Won
5 Galatasaray 1966, 1993, 1999 Beşiktaş 1994, 1998
4 Galatasaray 1963, 1965, 1996, 2005 Fenerbahçe
4 Beşiktaş 1975, 1990 Trabzonspor 1977, 1984
3 Galatasaray 1973, 1982, 1991 Ankaragücü
3 Galatasaray 1976, 1985 Trabzonspor 1995
3 Beşiktaş 1989, 2006, 2009 Fenerbahçe

Final[edit]

  • Most wins: 15
    • Galatasaray (1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1973, 1976, 1982, 1985, 1991, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005, 2014)
  • Most consecutive titles: 4
  • Most consecutive appearances: 4
  • Most appearances: 20
    • Galatasaray (1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1969, 1973, 1976, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1991, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 1998, 2000, 2005, 2014)
  • Most defeats in a final: 9
    • Fenerbahçe (1963, 1965, 1989, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2006, 2009, 2010)

Unbeaten[edit]

  • Longest unbeaten run: 26

Scorelines[edit]

Individual records[edit]

All-time most appearances[edit]

Rank Player Apps[8] Years
1 Turkey Şenol Güneş 84 1973–1987
2 Turkey Turgay Semercioğlu 78 1973–1988
2 Turkey Necati Özçağlayan 78 1971–1986
4 Turkey Cüneyt Tanman 77 1974–1991
5 Turkey Rıza Çalımbay 71 1980–1996
6 Turkey Müjdat Yetkiner 70 1979–1995
7 Turkey Fatih Terim 69 1988–2005
8 Turkey Hakan Şükür 68 1987–2008
8 Turkey Cem Pamiroğlu 68 1976–1990
8 Turkey Mustafa Denizli 68 1967–1984
9 Turkey Oğuz Çetin 67 1982–2000
10 Turkey Ulvi Güveneroğlu 64 1977–1993

All-time top scorers[edit]

Rank Player Goals[8] Apps Rate
1 Turkey Hami Mandıralı 31 54 0.57
2 Turkey Cemil Turan 30 55 0.55
2 Turkey Fevzi Zemzem 30 40 0.75
4 Turkey Tanju Çolak 26 39 0.67
5 Turkey Ümit Karan 25 43 0.58
5 Turkey Hakan Şükür 25 68 0.37
7 Turkey Ertuğrul Sağlam 24 42 0.57
8 Brazil Bobô 25 39 0.64
9 Turkey Mustafa Denizli 24 68 0.35
10 Turkey Mehmet Yılmaz 23 34 0.68
10 Turkey Semih Şentürk 23 47 0.49

Manager[edit]

Manager Titles Winning Years
Turkey Gündüz Kılıç 3 1963, 1965, 1966
Turkey Ahmet Suat Özyazıcı 3 1977, 1978, 1984
Turkey Adnan Süvari 2 1969, 1970
England Gordon Milne 2 1989, 1990
Turkey Fatih Terim 2 1999, 2000
Turkey Samet Aybaba 2 2001, 2003
France Jean Tigana 2 2006, 2007
Turkey Mustafa Denizli 2 1991, 2009
Turkey Şenol Güneş 2 1995, 2010
Turkey Aykut Kocaman 2 2012, 2013
Turkey Coşkun Özarı 1 1964
Turkey Halil Bıçakçı 1 1967
Hungary Ignác Molnár 1 1968
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Abdulah Gegić 1 1971
Turkey Ziya Taner 1 1972
England Brian Birch 1 1973
Brazil Didi 1 1974
Germany Horst Buhtz 1 1975
Turkey Fethi Demircan 1 1976
Turkey Necdet Niş 1 1979
Turkey Elmastaşoğlu 1 1980
Turkey Yılmaz Gökdel 1 1981
Turkey Özkan Sümer 1 1982
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Branko Stanković 1 1983
Germany Jupp Derwall 1 1985
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Tomislav Kaloperović 1 1986
Turkey Metin Türel 1 1987
Turkey Necdet Niş 1 1988
Belgium Urbain Braems 1 1992
Germany Karl-Heinz Feldkamp 1 1993
Germany Christoph Daum 1 1994
Scotland Graeme Souness 1 1996
Germany Holger Osieck 1 1997
Wales John Toshack 1 1998
Turkey Hikmet Karaman 1 2002
Turkey Ziya Doğan 1 2004
Romania Gheorghe Hagi 1 2005
Turkey Tolunay Kafkas 1 2008
Turkey Tayfur Havutçu 1 2011
Italy Roberto Mancini 1 2014

Players[edit]

(at least 5 titles)

Player Titles Winning Years Clubs
Turkey Bülent Korkmaz 6 1991, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Hakan Şükür 6 1988, 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005 Sakaryaspor (1), Galatasaray (5)
Turkey Uğur Köken 5 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1973 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Arif Erdem 5 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2005 all with Galatasaray
Turkey Okan Buruk 5 1993, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2006 Galatasaray (5), Beşiktaş (1)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]