Tāmaki Makaurau

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Tamaki makaurau electorate 2008.png

Tāmaki Makaurau derives its name from the Māori name for Auckland; it is often translated as "Tāmaki of a thousand lovers" (Makau, often translated as lovers, also translates as favourite and spouse, implying a highly sought target of admiration), a reference to the fertile volcanic soil of Auckland and the positioning between two resource-rich coasts.[1] In its current boundaries, the electorate contains the Western Beaches of Waitakere City, all of West Auckland south of Te Atatu, the entire Auckland Isthmus, and the South Auckland suburbs of Mangere, Otara, Pakuranga and Manurewa. It does not contain Great Barrier or Rangitoto islands, as they are in Te Tai Tokerau; both Papakura and Waiheke Island are in Hauraki-Waikato.[2]

The main iwi of Tāmaki Makaurau are Ngāti Whātua, Kawerau a Maki, Tainui, Ngāti Paoa and Ngāti Rehua,[3] though a pan-Māori organisation called Ngāti Akarana exists for urbanised Māori with no knowledge of their actual iwi; and, through a population trend whereby many rural Māori moved to the cities, the largest iwi affiliation in the seat are Ngāpuhi, Ngāti Porou, Waikato and Ngāti Maniapoto, all iwi local to other areas of New Zealand.[4]

At its first (and only) contest, Hauraki was won by a high-profile community worker, John Tamihere of the Labour Party. Tamihere spent his six-year parliamentary career dogged by controversy that often overshadowed his work as a minister and, at the 2005 election came ten percent behind Māori Party co-leader Pita Sharples. Because Tamihere had chosen not to seek a list placing, his parliamentary career was terminated.

Tāmaki Makaurau is a New Zealand Parliamentary Māori electorate returning one Member of Parliament to the New Zealand House of Representatives. From 1999 to 2002, the seat was called Hauraki.

The first Māori seat based exclusively around Auckland was created at the time of the first review of MMP boundaries, ahead of the 1999 election. The final seat was named Hauraki, after both the gulf at Auckland's eastern side, and Hauraki, a pan-tribal union based around an area including the Coromandel Peninsula, Thames Valley and the Western Bay of Plenty.[5] Hauraki's boundary stretched out of Auckland, down through the eastern Waikato into include Morrinsville and the Coromandel; population growth saw the southern section lanced three years later, and the current boundaries and name take hold. The name 'Hauraki' in an historical context refers to an electorate in use at various times between 1928 and 1996; in a modern sense, the Hauraki 'block' that led to the name of the first seat has been revived and applied to the seat of Hauraki-Waikato, the successor to the seat of Tainui.

The current MP for Tāmaki Makaurau is Dr Pita Sharples of the Māori Party.[6] He has held this position since 2005.

Members of Parliament for Hauraki[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Name Party Elected Left Office Reason
John Tamihere Labour 1999 2002 seat abolished

note: This table refers only to the Māori seat named Hauraki; for details on the general electorate see Hauraki (New Zealand electorate).

Members of Parliament for Tāmaki Makaurau[edit]

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.

Name Party Elected Left Office Reason
John Tamihere Labour 2002 2005 defeated
Pita Sharples Māori Party 2005, 2008 incumbent

List MPs from Tāmaki Makaurau[edit]

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Tāmaki Makaurau electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Name Party First Elected Left Office Contested Tāmaki Makaurau
Metiria Turei Green 2002 Current MP 2002

Election results[edit]

2011 election[edit]

General Election 2011: Tāmaki Makaurau[7]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Māori Green tickY Pita Sharples 7,120 40.40 -25.58 2,694 14.45 -14.16
Labour Shane Jones 6,184 35.09 +7.75 7,739 41.50 -8.23
Mana Kereama Pene 2,827 16.04 +16.04 2,551 13.68 +13.68
Green Mikaere Curtis 1,491 8.46 +3.69 1,810 9.71 +5.67
NZ First   1,948 10.45 +4.56
National   1,569 8.41 +1.00
Legalise Cannabis   197 1.06 -0.08
Conservative   94 0.50 +0.50
ACT   28 0.15 -0.53
United Future   10 0.05 -0.08
Libertarianz   4 0.02 +0.01
Alliance   2 0.01 -0.01
Democratic   2 0.01 +0.01
Informal votes 717 327
Total Valid votes 17,622 18,648
Māori hold Majority 936 5.31 -33.33

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 35,347[8]

2008 election[edit]

General Election 2008: Tāmaki Makaurau[9][10]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Māori Green tickY Pita Sharples 12,876 65.98 +13.63 5,801 28.61 +1.13
Labour Louisa Wall 5,336 27.34 -13.90 10,084 49.73 -5.41
Green Mikaere Curtis 931 4.77 819 4.04 -2.55
Kiwi Vapi Kupenga 129 0.66 28 0.14
Independent Kane Te Waaka 122 0.63
Independent Marama Nathan 120 0.61
National   1,504 7.42 +3.39
NZ First   1,193 5.88 +0.56
Family Party   284 1.40
Legalise Cannabis   230 1.13 +0.42
ACT   137 0.68 +0.47
Bill and Ben   71 0.35
Progressive   38 0.19 -0.15
Pacific   36 0.18
United Future   27 0.13 -0.31
RAM   10 0.05
Workers Party   10 0.05
Alliance   5 0.02 -0.05
Libertarianz   2 0.01 -0.01
Democratic   0 0.00 -0.01
RONZ   0 0.00 -0.01
Informal votes 480 247
Total Valid votes 19,514 20,279
Turnout 20,823 58.48 -3.57
Māori hold Majority 7,540 38.64 +27.53

2005 election[edit]

General election 2005: Tamaki Makaurau[11]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Māori Pita Sharples 10,024 52.35 5457 27.48
Labour Red XN John Tamihere 7,897 41.24 -32.11 10,951 55.14
Destiny Tauwehi Hemahema-Tāmati 675 3.53 520 2.62
NZ First   1,057 5.32
National   801 4.03
Green   652 3.28
Legalise Cannabis   141 0.71
United Future   87 0.44
Progressive   67 0.34
ACT   42 0.21
Family Rights   20 0.10
Direct Democracy   18 0.09
Christian Heritage   14 0.07
Alliance   13 0.07
99 MP   9 0.05
One NZ   5 0.03
Libertarianz   3 0.02
Democratic   1 0.01
RONZ   1 0.01
Informal votes 363 199
Total Valid votes 19,147 19,859
Turnout 20,440 62.05 +7.83
Māori gain from Labour Majority 2127 11.11

2002 election[edit]

General Election 2002: Tamaki Makaurau[12]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour John Tamihere 11,445 73.35 9,052 55.97
Green Metiria Turei 2,001 12.82 1,659 10.26
National George Rongokino Ngatai 785 5.03 516 3.19
Alliance Janice Smith 550 3.52 470 2.91
Christian Heritage Tuhimareikura Vaha'akolo 472 3.02 240 1.48
Progressive Sue Wharewhaka-Topia Watts 351 2.25 228 1.41
NZ First   2,430 15.03
Mana Māori   464 2.87
Legalise Cannabis   423 2.62
United Future   411 2.54
ACT   223 1.38
ORNZ   51 0.32
One NZ   4 0.02
NMP   2 0.01
Informal votes 380 122
Total Valid votes 15,604 16,173
Turnout 16,688 54.22
Labour win new seat Majority 9,444 60.52

References[edit]

External links[edit]