Třebíč

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For the neighbourhood of Sofia, see Trebich.
Coordinates: 49°13′N 15°52′E / 49.217°N 15.867°E / 49.217; 15.867
Třebíč
Town
Třebíč Basilika Jihlava Ghetto.jpg
Jewish quarter
Flag
Coat of arms
Name origin: from name Třebek
Nickname: Třeb
Country Czech Republic
Region Vysočina
District Třebíč
Commune Třebíč
River Jihlava
Elevation 405 m (1,329 ft)
Coordinates 49°13′N 15°52′E / 49.217°N 15.867°E / 49.217; 15.867
Area 57.6 km2 (22.2 sq mi)
Population 38,678 (2009)
Density 671 / km2 (1,738 / sq mi)
First mentioned 1277
Mayor Pavel Heřman
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 674 01
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Name Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilica in Trebíc
Year 2003 (#27)
Number 1078
Region Europe and North America
Criteria ii, iii
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Třebíč
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.trebic.cz

Třebíč (Czech pronunciation: [ˈtr̝̊ɛbiːtʃ] ( ); German: Trebitsch) is a town in the Moravian part of the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic.

Třebíč is situated 35 km southeast of Jihlava and 65 km west of Brno on the Jihlava River. Třebíč is from 392 to 503 metres above sea-level.

Třebíč has a temperate climate with occasional rains. Average annual temperature is 7.5°C, average temperature in July is 18.5°C and -3.4°C in January.

Třebíč is a regional centre with a population of approximately 40,000. In the age of expansion, Třebíč was third most important town in Moravia. The population growth started after World War II. Třebíč is an important regional center today.

There are many sights. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

History and sights[edit]

The entrance of the Jewish quarter

This includes the old Jewish Quarter and the largely Romanesque St Procopius' Basilica that incorporates some later gothic features, including a rare example of a ten-part or 'botanical' rose window. Such designs reflect the five or ten parts of the roseaceae family flowers and fruit, based on their five sepals and petals or the usual ten segments of their fruit. Botanical rose windows contrast with more complex Gothic windows that contain more segments (usually multiples of traditional gothic units of design - three trefoil, or four quatrefoil), or are based on ancient design inspiration from forerunners of the wheel of life which is now associated with eastern religions, or may allude to the Virgin Mary.

The famous Basilica originated in the early 12th century as a Benedictine monastery. It was so well endowed that it led to the establishment of a local commercial centre; the town of Trebic. The monastery was rebuilt during the reign of King Wenceslas I (1230–53), and again at the end of the fifteenth century. During the first half of the 16th century some of Trebic's historic monastic buildings were remodelled as a castle, and later renovated in baroque style.

The death of Louis II as he fled the Battle of Mohács marked the end of the Jagiellon dynasty in Hungary and Bohemia in 1526, whose dynastic claims were absorbed by the Habsburgs via the marriage of Louis' brother-in-law, the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand I, younger brother of Emperor Charles V, and the country became a constituent state of the Habsburg Monarchy for nearly five centuries.

In the early eighteenth century changes were introduced to the basilica by Czech architect, Frantisek Maxmilian Kanka; windows were enlarged, buttresses added, a south-west tower was rebuilt, and a new west front with two towers was constructed in a gothic baroque style.

The historic town of Trebic, which extends on both sides of the river Jihlava, was declared a Conservation Area in 1990. The Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius Basilica with the castle and gardens, are all included within the Trebic Conservation Area.

Gallery[edit]

History in dates[edit]

  • 1101 Establishment of Benedictine Monastery.
  • 1277 The oldest deed mentioning the town of Třebíč.
  • 1335 Conferring of town rights to Třebíč according to the royal town of Znojmo.
  • 1338 First references of Jewish settlement.
  • 1468 Třebíč was conquered and destroyed by Matthias Corvinus of Hungary.
  • 19th century Expansion of tannery and shoemaking.
  • 1871 Opening of Národní dům (National House), establishment of grammar school with Czech as teaching language (Gymnázium Třebíč).
  • 1886 First train runs through Třebíč.
  • 1930 Development of shoe making production and construction of workers' colonies - present Borovina
  • 1970s - 80s The town is stigmated by the construction of new housing estates, population increases.
  • 1990s Fast renovation of the town.
  • 2003 Registration of Jewish Quarter and St. Procopius' Basilika into UNESCO List of Cultural and Natural Heritage

Demography[edit]

Progress of population[1][2]
Year Population
1763 3 149
1772 3 439
1791 4 743
1799 5 010
1830 6 005
1835 6 731
1843 6 803
1849 7 800
1850 8 002
1869 10 328
1880 11 999
1890 13 726
1900 15 309
1910 16 347
1921 17 191
1930 17 555
1950 20 257
1960 20 387
1970 22 555
1980 29 017
1985 36 008
1991 38 355
2001 39 021
2005 38 715
2008 38 717

Town districts[edit]

Transit[edit]

The expressway (I/23) in Třebíč

Important trade routes leading near Třebíč already in ancient times were called: Habry Route, Lovětín Route and Libice Route.

Today Třebíč is an important traffic junction of the region. The main roads crrossing Třebíč are I/23 (Brno - České Budějovice) and II/360, which connects Třebíč with the highway D1. Near the town is road II/405, which connect the town with capital town of Vysočina Region - Jihlava.

The railway has the east-west direction in Třebíč. This railway No. 240 connects Třebíč with cities Brno and Jihlava. One can find two stations here: Třebíč and Třebíč-Borovina.

Outside the town there is the small sport airport.

The trolley was projected in the history in Třebíč but has never been realised.

In Třebíč there are several segregated cycle facilities and in year 2009 there will be finished a new bike route leading from Jihlava to Raabs an der Thaya.

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

  • Theatre Třebíč (Divadelní Třebíč) - festival of Amateur theatre
  • Šamajim - festival of Jewish culture
  • Třebíč potato festival (Bramborobraní) - folklore festival - music and dance
  • Jubilee Unesco (Oslavy Unesco) - jubilee celebration of town entrance to the UNESCO list
  • Theatre 2-3-4 actors (Divadla 2-3-4 herců) - festival of professional theatre
  • Zámostí - cultural and music festival[3]
  • Concentus Moraviae - concerts of classical music

People[edit]

born here
other residents

Schools[edit]

Partnership towns[13][edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Soubor školních map 1:100 000 - OKRES TŘEBÍČ, Kolektiv autorů, Geodetický a kartografický ústav v Praze, n. p. for ONV Třebíč, 1987, First edition, 20/34 pages, language: czech
  2. ^ Třebíč - Dějiny města II, Jan Janák, illustrations Božena and Josef Kremláček, Blok Brno for ZMM in Třebíč, 1981, First edition, 224 pages, language: czech
  3. ^ Zamosti.cz Zamosti.cz
  4. ^ ZMVS.cz (Czech) (German) (English)
  5. ^ GTR.cz
  6. ^ Spst.cz
  7. ^ KGtrebic.cz
  8. ^ Oatrebic.cz
  9. ^ Szstrebic.cz
  10. ^ Sosos.cz
  11. ^ Spsstavebni.trebic.net
  12. ^ Sour-tr.euweb.cz
  13. ^ Outcome of the questionnaire with statement of partnership towns

External links[edit]