Télévision de Radio-Canada
|Type||Public broadcasting Broadcast television network|
|Availability||National (available in parts of northern U.S. via cable or antenna)|
|Launch date||September 6, 1952|
|Official website||Télévision de Radio-Canada (French)|
Télévision de Radio-Canada is a Canadian French language television network. It is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, known in French as Société Radio-Canada. Headquarters are at Maison Radio-Canada in Montreal, which is also home to the network's flagship station, CBFT-DT. It is the only francophone network in Canada to broadcast over-the-air in all Canadian provinces.
This network is considered more populist than its English counterpart CBC Television. It has arguably been the more successful of the two as it does not face such immense competition from American networks. Despite this, it has trailed TVA in the ratings for most of the last 30 years, roughly as long as its English counterpart has trailed CTV. It has recently pulled closer with a resurgent schedule, including offbeat sitcoms, and the talk show Tout le monde en parle.
News programming is anchored by Le Téléjournal, which airs nightly at 10:00 p.m. Local newscasts, which air during the lunch and supper hours, now also carry the Téléjournal name, i.e., Le Téléjournal Montréal. Originally, the regional newscasts had the name Ce Soir (This Evening).
Le Téléjournal 
All Radio-Canada newscasts are broadcast under the name Le Téléjournal. The main evening broadcast airs most nights at 10:00 p.m. local time (11:00 p.m. in the Maritimes). Le Téléjournal is also seen live and as a repeat broadcast on sister cable news channel RDI and on time-delay worldwide via international francophone channel TV5. At present there are no morning newscasts. Local and regional news also takes the Téléjournal name followed by the name of a city, region or province, or by the time of day (for example Le Téléjournal Montréal, Le Téléjournal Midi, etc.). CBVT-DT Quebec City, CBLFT-DT Toronto and CBOFT-DT Ottawa, and CBAFT-DT in the Atlantic provinces run local midday bulletins whilst all affiliates run supper-hour bulletins which run from Monday to Fridays, with the exception of CBVT-DT, CBOFT-DT and CBAFT-DT, which run seven days a week.
Current affairs 
Investigative reporting is broadcast weekly as Enquête. Recent shows tested the safety levels of Tasers in the wake of concerns raised after a Polish immigrant died after RCMP police officers fired a Taser in Vancouver International Airport. Other shows such as Découverte raised concerns about the safety of overhead bridges in Montreal after the collapse of a bridge in 2007.
There is also weekly programming on political affairs concerning the National Assembly of Quebec and the House of Commons with Les coulisses du pouvoir (The Corridors of Power). Science and technology issues are covered in Découverte and agricultural and rural topics in La semaine verte. Consumer affairs are covered in L'épicerie and Facture
From 1952 up until 2004 the network was home to weekly French-language broadcasts of ice hockey matches involving the Montreal Canadiens, called La Soirée du hockey. The show was discontinued when broadcast rights reverted to RDS. Viewers outside of Quebec were able to continue watching games via Radio-Canada stations up until 2006 when RDS became exclusive broadcasters. Radio-Canada were also the home of the Montreal Alouettes before moving also to RDS.
Occasionally live sports are carried by Radio-Canada including the Montreal Impact soccer club.
Currently, there is only one general sports show for 2011-2012 season: Droit au but on Saturday night. There was La zone which was broadcasted from Monday to Friday at 11:00 p.m. and was discontinued at the end of 2009-2010 season. The show Tellement sport is on Saturday. Please check the website for more information.
The most popular entertainment shows on the network are variety shows such as Tout le monde en parle and M pour musique, sketch shows like Les invincibles and Et Dieu créa Laflaque and dramas such as Les Hauts et les bas de Sophie Paquin, Virginie and Tout sur moi.
Tout le monde en parle in particular is a long running talk show imported from the same show of the same name in France and has featured high-profile guests, such as Julie Couillard and former Action démocratique du Québec leader Mario Dumont. A weekly music show called Studio 12 makes an appearance on Sundays.
On New Year's Eve, Radio-Canada presents a live comedy special, Bye Bye, which features musical and comedy guests, performing live.
Children's programming airs in the morning and feature animated series such as Kim Possible, Les Schtroumps, Lizzie McGuire and La cour de récre amongst Quebec-produced shows such as La vie selon Annie.
Historically the most popular children's show on Radio-Canada was called Passe-Partout, which was in production for 10 years and broadcast until 1987. It was for some time a co-production with Radio-Québec and also aired on those networks and TVOntario.
Regional programming 
Non-news regional programming exists, and is usually programmed for broadcast on weekends, however it is limited to arts and culture and typically airs outside of Quebec, especially in Acadia and the Western provinces. For example Zeste broadcasts on stations in the Western provinces on Saturday early evenings, while Luc et Luc airs Sunday evenings in the Maritimes.
Stations and affiliates 
Of Canada's three major French-language television networks, Radio-Canada is the only one that broadcasts terrestrially in all Canadian provinces. With the exception of Atlantic Canada, where a single station serves all four provinces through an extensive network of rebroadcasters, the network has at least one originating station in every province. These stations serve every major market in French and English Canada, with privately owned affiliates serving smaller markets in Quebec.
Unlike CBC Television affiliates, which often have several alternative programming sources, Radio-Canada affiliates are effectively constrained to carry network programming throughout the day in pattern with no preemptions. The only exceptions are for local and regional programming and commercials.
In 2007, Radio-Canada announced its intention to terminate its long-time affiliation with three regional affiliates in Sherbrooke, Trois-Rivières, and Saguenay. These stations were owned by Cogeco, at the time a majority owner of commercial rival TQS (now V). By the end of the year, TQS had filed for bankruptcy; as part of exiting bankruptcy, a deal was announced the following spring for Radio-Canada to directly acquire the stations. The transaction was approved by the CRTC on June 26, 2008. Only the stations in Rouyn-Noranda and Rivière-du-Loup remain as private affiliates, rather than O&Os.
On February 27, 2009 CBC/Radio-Canada President Hubert Lacroix admitted at the Empire Club of Canada that the corporation is facing a budget shortfall and as a result some services may be forced to close down and/or stations merged or sold off, saying:
"La crise économique nous force à revoir toutes les facettes de nos activités."
("The economic crisis forced us to review all facets of our activities.")
It is not yet clear how the announcement will affect stations owned by either CBC Television or Télévision de Radio-Canada, however it is envisaged that regional news programming may be merged in the regions outside of Quebec.
Over-the-air digital television transition 
SRC converted its originating station transmitters to digital as part of the digital transition deadline in mandatory markets, which took place on August 31, 2011.
On July 31, 2012, all of the corporation's 620 analog television transmitters were permanently shut down, leaving CBC's English and French television network with a combined total of 27 digital transmitters.
Slogans and branding 
In television listings such as TV Guide or TV Hebdo, where space limitations usually require television networks to be referred to by a three-letter abbreviation, the network is normally coded as SRC (for Société Radio-Canada, the French language corporate name of the CBC as a whole.) This has no official standing as a name for the network — although the network did once experiment with using SRC as its on-air brand in the 1990s, it reverted to "Radio-Canada" within a few months. In 2009 Radio-Canada refreshed its branding featuring simply the word "Télévision" underneath the corporate logo; in promos, it merely features the logo, without any wording or slogans.
This particular method of branding can cause slight confusion amongst Canadians as a whole. An exclusive interview with freed murderer Karla Homolka by Radio-Canada journalist Joyce Napier was hailed as a scoop for "Radio-Canada" in the English-language media. Whilst correct, technically the name "Radio-Canada" refers to the television, radio and internet operations in the French-language, not just "la télévision de Radio-Canada". This same confusion however can extend to CBC Television, where on-air it is branded simply "CBC".
- 1983-1985(?): "Vous méritez ce qu'il y'a de mieux"
- 1989-1990: "Pour Vous Avant Tout"
- 1994-2006 (System cue/closedown): "Le réseau national" (The national network)
- 1992-Fall 2004: Ici Radio-Canada (This is Radio-Canada): This is what the announcer said during the system cue, when the network logo is displayed on-screen, but in the early-2000s, it became a promotional slogan in its own right.
- 2005: Vous allez voir (You are going to see/You will see).
- 2006: Ici comme dans la vie (Here as in life) and Radio-Canada, source d'information (Radio-Canada, source of information) for news promos.
- 2007: On l'aime déjà (We already love it)
- 2008: Bienvenue à Radio-Canada 
- 2009: Mon monde est à Radio-Canada (My world is on Radio-Canada)
The current ombudsman of Radio-Canada is Pierre Tourangeau, since July 2011. He was preceded by Julie Miville-Dechêne(2007–2011) Renaud Gilbert (2000–2007), Marcel Pépin (1997–1999), Mario Cardinal (1993–1997) and Bruno Gauron (1992).
High-definition television 
On March 5, 2005, Télévision de Radio-Canada launched an HD simulcast of its Montreal station CBFT-DT. Since that time they have also launched HD simulcasts in Quebec City (CBVT-DT), Ottawa (CBOFT-DT), Toronto (CBLFT-DT) and Vancouver (CBUFT-DT). Radio-Canada HD is available nationally via satellite and on digital cable as well as for free via DTT using a regular TV antenna and a digital tuner (included in most new TVs) on the following channels:
- Quebec City: 12 (11.1)
- Montreal: 19 (2.1)
- Ottawa: 22 (9.1)
- Toronto: 24 (25.1)
- Vancouver: 26 (26.1)
On September 10, 2007, the network (as well as sister cable news network RDI) began broadcasting all programming solely in the 16:9 aspect ratio with few exceptions, and began letterboxing its widescreen feed for standard definition feeds.
International coverage 
Certain shows such as Virginie and Le Téléjournal are carried on international francophone channel TV5MONDE.
Just like its English language counterpart CBC Television, Télévision de Radio-Canada stations can be viewed over-the-air in the northern United States including the border areas of eastern Maine via CBAFT-DT Moncton; central New England via CKSH-DT Sherbrooke; the border areas of New York State and Vermont via CBFT-DT Montreal, CBOFT-DT Ottawa-Gatineau or CBLFT-DT Toronto; or in northwest Washington via CBUFT-DT Vancouver.
- Official name as stated in the CBC's annual reports, most press releases, and radio promotions. Usually Radio-Canada is used in on-air TV voiceovers, while the network's logo in print currently only carries the caption "Télévision".
-  (French)
-  (French)
-  (French)
-  (French)
-  (French)
-  (French)
- CRTC Application 2008-0516-1
- CRTC Decision 2008-130
-  (French)
- Official website (French)
- CBC/Radio-Canada Corporate Site
- SRC history at Canadian Communications Foundation