Töv Province

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Töv Province
Төв аймаг
ᠲᠥᠪᠠᠶᠢᠮᠠᠭ
Province
The ruins of the Mandsushir monastery
The ruins of the Mandsushir monastery
Flag of Töv Province
Flag
Coat of arms of Töv Province
Coat of arms
Töv in Mongolia.svg
Coordinates: 47°30′N 106°15′E / 47.500°N 106.250°E / 47.500; 106.250Coordinates: 47°30′N 106°15′E / 47.500°N 106.250°E / 47.500; 106.250
Country Mongolia
Established 1931 (1931)
Capital Zuunmod
Area
 • Total 74,042.37 km2 (28,587.92 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 85,166
 • Density 1.2/km2 (3.0/sq mi)
  [1]
Time zone UTC+8
Area code(s) +976 (0)127
ISO 3166 code MN-047
Website www.tuv.gov.mn

Töv (Mongolian: Төв, lit. "central") is one of the 21 aimags (provinces) of Mongolia. The national capital Ulaanbaatar is located roughly at its center, but the city itself is administrated as an independent municipality.

Geography[edit]

The Aimag includes the western part of the Khentii Mountains, the mountains around the capital, as well as rolling steppe in the south and west. The most interesting body of water is the Tuul River, which crosses Ulaanbaatar and later joins the Orkhon River.

Population[edit]

The Töv aimag is populated primarily by Halh Mongols, major minority group of Kazakhs declined at intercensal period of massive out migration to the Kazakhstan, rest of minority groups grew of in migrations.

Ethnic groups in Töv aimag (self-identification) 1989, 2000 census[2]
Group Population
Census 1989
Percentage
Census 1989
Population
Census 2000
Percentage
Census 2000
Halh 94,773 94.6% 93,604 94.2%
Kazakh 2,167 2.2% 1,065 1.1%
Buryat 590 0.6% 856 0.9%
Do'rbet 727 0.7% 770 0.8%
Bayid 317 0.3% 745 0.8%
Uriankhai 420 0.4% 524 0.5%
Tuvan 269 0.23% 500 0.5%
Zakhchin 160 0.2% 202 0.2%
Ööled 61 0.1% 171 0.2%
other 420 0.4% 614 0.6%
foreigners 179 0.2% 217 0.2%
Total population 100,088 100% 99,266 100%

Traffic[edit]

The central traffic node is the enclave Ulan Bator. The city includes the largest station of the Trans-Mongolian Railway and the Chinggis Khaan International Airport. A small airport with an unpaved runway also exists in the aimag capital Zuunmod.

Culture[edit]

Manzushir Monastery is located near Zuunmod in the Bogd Khan Mountain national park. It was founded in 1733 and used to be the home of 20 temples and 300 monks. Most of it was destroyed by the communists, yet the last temple was restored after democratisation and hosts a small museum today.

National parks[edit]

The Gorkhi-Terelj National Park was founded in 1993. It covers a part of the Khentii Mountains. It is most well known for its spectacular rock formations, including a rock that looks like a giant turtle from the right perspective. The landscape has an alpine character, with larch and pine forests, sparkling mountain rivers, and very diverse flora and fauna.

In Khustain Nuruu National Park, about 120 km south west of Ulaanbaatar, the original wild horses, Takhi of Mongolia (Przewalski horses) have been released to the wild again in a process first begun in 1993. The project has been quite successful, and has developed into an attraction for both scientists and tourists.

The Gun-Galuut Nature Reserve is a protected area founded in 2003 to conserve globally threatened species and their habitat. The IUCN red-listed species - White-naped Crane, Hooded Crane, Siberian White Crane, Swan goose and Argali-Wild mountain sheep and many other species listed in the National Red book of Mongolia are found here.

Because it is considered sacred, the mountain Mount Bogd Khan south of Ulaanbaatar has been a protected area since 1778. During socialism, it was formally established as a national park. This stopped the urban sprawl of the capital on its southern side.

Administrative Subdivision[edit]

Sums of Töv
The Sums of Töv Aimag [3][4]
Sum Mongolian Population
1980
Population
1986
Population
1992
Population
1998
Population
2005
Population
2007
total sum
center
Altanbulag Алтанбулаг 2,701 2,857 3,357 3,622 3,104 3,079 1,427
Argalant Аргалант 1,530 1,941 2,689 2,505 1,892 1,955 916
Arkhust Архуст 1,431 2,006 2,260 2,086 1,671 1,371 516
Batsümber Батсүмбэр 5,390 5,810 6,505 6,786 6,358 6,525 2,325
Bayan Баян 2,847 3,385 2,903 2,575 2,062 2,093 1,166
Bayan-Önjüül Баян-Өнжүүл 2,759 2,621 2,918 2,817 2,538 2,560 579
Bayanchandmani Баянчандмань 3,244 4,059 4,769 3,641 3,268 3,322 1,311
Bayandelger Баяндэлгэр 2,506 2,600 2,655 2,203 1,226 1,165 580
Bayanjargalan Баянжаргалан 1,377 1,302 1,718 1,788 1,583 1,623 609
Bayanhangai Баянхангай 1,357 2,062 2,270 1,693 1,498 1,401 746
Bayantsagaan Баянцагаан 2,128 2,236 2,683 2,737 2,369 2,173 988
Bayantsogt Баянцогт 3,505 3,575 3,987 3,406 1,890 2,020 958
Bornuur Борнуур 3,816 4,031 5,145 4,454 4,372 4,693 3,233
Büren Бүрэн 2,714 2,718 3,452 3,624 3,303 3,209 614
Delgerhaan Дэлгэрхаан 2,006 1,867 2,294 2,499 2,033 2,016 635
Erdene Эрдэнэ 4,523 4,365 4,067 3,485 3,424 3,607 1,398
Erdenesant Эрдэнэсант 3,472 4,735 5,757 5,855 5,011 5,010 1,893
Jargalant Жаргалант 4,218 4,941 6,038 5,975 5,798 5,781 2,156
Lün Лүн 2,644 2,400 3,245 3,151 2,595 2,515 1,302
Möngönmorit Мөнгөнморьт 2,091 2,099 2,363 2,197 1,923 1,902 908
Öndörshireet Өндөрширээт 2,111 2,112 2,471 2,525 1,927 2,006 582
Sergelen Сэргэлэн 2,490 2,280 2,831 2,422 1,855 1,884 199
Sümber Сүмбэр 1,133 1,608 2,265 2,210 1,637 1,646 690
Tseel Цээл 2,318 2,728 3,605 3,988 2,513 2,352 1,568
Ugtaal Угтаал 3,366 4,003 5,007 4,139 2,397 2,274 1,413
Zaamar Заамар 2,354 3,030 4,002 5,645 5,721 5,816 1,494
Zuunmod Зуунмод 9,649 12,739 20,285 16,037 14,600 14,830 14,568

References[edit]

  1. ^ Töv Aimag Population Yearbook 2008
  2. ^ Census 2000 Töv aimag official report [1]
  3. ^ Töv aimag statistic office [2]
  4. ^ Töv Aimag Population Annual Report 2007[3]