Türi

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Türi
Town
Türi Church
Türi Church
Coat of arms of Türi
Coat of arms
Türi is located in Estonia
Türi
Türi
Coordinates: 58°48′34″N 25°25′45″E / 58.80944°N 25.42917°E / 58.80944; 25.42917Coordinates: 58°48′34″N 25°25′45″E / 58.80944°N 25.42917°E / 58.80944; 25.42917
Country  Estonia
County Järva County
Municipality Türi Parish
Town status 1926
Area[1]
 • Total 9.79 km2 (3.78 sq mi)
Population (January 1, 2011)[2]
 • Total 6,053
 • Density 620/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Türi railway station

Türi (German: Turgel) is a town in Järva County, Estonia. It is the administrative centre of Türi Parish.[3] Since 2000, Türi is known as the "spring capital" of Estonia.[4][5]

History[edit]

  • 1347 Türi first mentioned in historical records by the name of Turgel
  • 1687 The establishment of the first school
  • 1900 Railway traffic (ViljandiTallinn, Türi–Paide) opened
  • 1917 Türi gains the rights of a market town
  • 1924 The first secondary education institution in Türi opened – Türi Horticultural Gymnasium
  • 1926 The rights of a town given to Türi
  • 1937 Erection of a 197 metres tall radio mast. The mast was blown up by soviet forces in 1941
  • 1950 - 1959 Türi - the centre of Türi County.
  • 1995 Türi Museum opened.
  • 1997 Türi College of the University of Tartu for environmental science studies opened
  • 2000 Türi declared the Spring Capital of Estonia by Mart Laar, the prime minister of Estonia
  • 2005 Türi became the administrative centre of newly formed Türi Parish.

Sights[edit]

Türi Church[edit]

Türi Church, originally dedicated to St. Martin, is a well-preserved medieval hall church of a form typical for central Estonia. Construction of the church probably started in the late 13th century and the ceiling was completed in the early 14th century. It retains much of its medieval look, including carved stone details such as consoles in the form of human heads. Other noteworthy interior details include the renaissance pulpit, a Baroque retable (by Christian Ackermann) and an altar painting by A. Pezold from 1856.[6]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Türi is a member of the Douzelage, a unique town twinning association of 24 towns across the European Union. This active town twinning began in 1991 and there are regular events, such as a produce market from each of the other countries and festivals.[7][8] Discussions regarding membership are also in hand with three further towns (Agros in Cyprus, Škofja Loka in Slovenia, and Tryavna in Bulgaria).

Other twinnings

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Türi linn" (in Estonian). Türi Municipality's site. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "Rahvastik" (in Estonian). Türi Municipality's site. Retrieved 25 March 2011. 
  3. ^ Tyri >> Eng
  4. ^ Türi turism
  5. ^ Türi - Worth checking out - Eesti maaturism
  6. ^ Viirand, Tiiu (2004). Estonia. Cultural Tourism. Kunst Publishers. pp. 98–99. ISBN 9949-407-18-4. 
  7. ^ "Douzelage.org: Home". www.douzelage.org. Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  8. ^ "Douzelage.org: Member Towns". www.douzelage.org. Retrieved 2009-10-21.