Türkan Akyol was born on October 12, 1928 in Istanbul. She completed her primary education in various places of Turkey due to her father's profession as a staff officer. She graduated from the Erenköy Girls High School in Istanbul, Turkey, in 1947.
Academic career and politics
Akyol was educated in Medicine at Ankara University graduating in 1953. She became a physician specialized in pulmonology and pursued an academic career at her alma mater. She became assistant professor in 1965 and full professor in 1970. Between 1959 and 1965, Akyol conducted academic studies in the United States, France and the Netherlands.
On March 25, 1971, she was appointed Minister of Health and Social Security in the cabinet of Nihat Erim, becoming so the first female government minister of Turkey. On December 13 that year, she resigned from her post in the government and returned to the university.
In 1980, Akyol was elected rector of Ankara University, becoming again a first, this time Turkey's first female rector. She served at this post until 1982 when she quit due to disagreements with the Council of Higher Education. She lectured at the university until 1983 when Erdal İnönü invited her to co-found the Social Democracy Party (SODEP). Akyol served the party's deputy chairman.
Türkan Akyol entered the parliament as deputy of Izmir Province following the 1987 general election. She returned to her post as lecturer at the end of the legislative term in 1991. In 1992, she was appointed Minister of State responsible for Woman and Family Affairs in the coalition government of Süleyman Demirel. In 1993, she was appointed minister again in the cabinet of Tansu Çiller, Turkey's first woman prime minister.
- "Türk kadınının ilkleri". Hürriyet (in Turkish). 1998-10-10. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Ankara Üniversitesi Rektörleri-Prof. Dr. Türkan Akyol" (in Turkish). Ankara University. Retrieved 2013-02-08.
- "Ankara Tıp'ın Göğüs Hastalıkları Ana Bilim Dalı Yenilendi". Haberler (in Turkish). 2011-07-08. Retrieved 2013-*2-08. Check date values in: