Tōbu Nikkō Line

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     Tobu Nikko Line
Tobu-100.jpg
100 series Spacia EMU
Overview
Type Heavy rail
Locale Kantō Region
Termini Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen
Tōbu Nikkō
Stations 26
Operation
Opening 1929
Owner Tobu Railway
Depot(s) Minami-Kurihashi
Technical
Line length 94.5 km (58.7 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC, overhead catenary
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)

The Tobu Nikko Line (東武日光線 Tōbu Nikkō-sen?) is a 94.5 km railway line in Japan operated by the private railway company Tobu Railway. It branches from Tōbu Dōbutsu Kōen Station in Miyashiro, Saitama on the Skytree Line, extending north to Tōbu Nikkō Station in Nikkō, Tochigi.

The line has two branch lines: the Utsunomiya Line at Shin-Tochigi Station in Tochigi, Tochigi, and the Kinugawa Line at Shimo-Imaichi Station in Nikkō.

Service patterns[edit]

Stops and service patterns are as of March 2013.

Local (普通 Futsū?) (L)
Stops at all stations on the Nikko Line. Through to/from Naka-Meguro on the Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line and Asakusa
Section Semi-Express (区間準急 Kukan Junkyū?) (SSE)
Stops at all stations on the Nikko Line, limited-stop service on the Isesaki Line.
Semi-Express (準急 Junkyū?) (SmE)
Stops at all stations on the Nikko Line, limited-stop service on the Isesaki Line. Through to/from Chūō-Rinkan on the Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line via the Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line
Section Express (区間急行 Kukan Kyūkō?) (SE)
Stops at all stations on the Nikko Line, limited-stop service on the Isesaki Line.
Express (急行 Kyūkō?) (Ex)
Stops at all stations on the Nikko Line, rapid service on the Isesaki Line. Through to/from Chūō-Rinkan on the Tokyu Den-en-toshi Line via the Tokyo Metro Hanzomon Line
Section Rapid (区間快速 Kukan Kaisoku?) (SR)
Stops at all stations on the Nikko Line, the same stops on the Isesaki Line as Rapid trains. Complements Rapid services during the daytime
Rapid (快速 Kaisoku?) (R)
Limited Express (特急 Tokkyū?)
Stops not shown. Seat reservation fee applies, from Asakusa to Tobu Nikko and Kinugawa Kōen.

Stations[edit]

Station Japanese Distance (km) L SSE SmE SE Ex SR R Location
Up to (A: Asakusa, C: Chūō-Rinkan)   A C A C A A  
Tōbu-Dōbutsu-Kōen 東武動物公園 0.0 O O O O O O O Miyashiro Saitama
Sugito-Takanodai 杉戸高野台 3.2 O O O O O | | Sugito
Satte 幸手 5.8 O O O O O | | Satte
Minami-Kurihashi 南栗橋 10.4 O
*1/*2
O O O
*2
O | | Kuki
Kurihashi 栗橋 13.9 O     O   | |
Shin-Koga 新古河 20.6 O O | | Kazo
Yagyū 柳生 23.6 O O | |
Itakura Tōyōdai-mae 板倉東洋大前 25.6 O O O O Itakura Gunma
Fujioka 藤岡 29.5 O O | | Tochigi Tochigi
Shizuwa 静和 37.3 O O | |
Shin-Ōhirashita 新大平下 40.1 O O O O
Tochigi 栃木 44.9 O O O O
Shin-Tochigi 新栃木 47.9 O O O O
Kassemba 合戦場 50.0 O   O |
Ienaka 家中 52.4 O O |
Tōbu Kanasaki 東武金崎 56.6 O O |
Niregi 楡木 61.2 O O | Kanuma
Momiyama 樅山 64.2 O O |
Shin-Kanuma 新鹿沼 66.8 O O O
Kita-Kanuma 北鹿沼 69.8 O O |
Itaga 板荷 74.9 O O |
Shimo-Goshiro 下小代 78.5 O O | Nikkō
Myōjin 明神 81.3 O O |
Shimo-Imaichi 下今市 87.4 O O O
Kami-Imaichi 上今市 88.4 O O |
Tōbu Nikkō 東武日光 94.5 O O O

History[edit]

The Nikko Line opened (dual track and electrified) on 1 October 1929 .[1]

In 1943, the section north of Kassemba was reduced to single track and the recovered rails used to build the Tobu Kumagaya Line.[2]

Electric limited express services first started operating from February 1949.[1] From October 1960, new 1720 series "Deluxe Romance car" EMUs were introduced on limited express services to and from Nikko.[1]

The Kassemba to Nikko section was returned to dual track from north to south, commencing with the Nikko to Shimo-Imachi section in 1955, extended to Myojin the following year, the section to Shin-Kanuma between 1963 and 1965, and to Kassemba in 1973.[citation needed]

From 1 June 1990, new 100 series "Spacia" EMUs were introduced on limited express services, and the maximum speed of these was raised to 120 km/h in 1992.[1]

A connecting track at Kurihashi was built to the JR-East Tōhoku Main Line (Utsunomiya Line) from 18 March 2006, allowing through-operations of Nikkō and Kinugawa limited express services to/from Ōmiya, Ikebukuro, and Shinjuku.

Former connecting lines[edit]

  • Nikko Station:

The Nikko Electric Railway Co. opened an 8km line electrified at 600 V DC to Iwanohana between 1907 and 1913, and extended it 2km to Umakae (approximately 300 m higher than Nikko) in 1931 to connect to a 1.2km funicular railway that climbed 428m which opened in 1932. In 1944, electric locomotives began hauling copper ore on the line. Freight tonnage decreased 25% between 1964 and 1966, and passenger numbers decreased by 17% over the same period, resulting in the line closing in 1968. The funicular railway closed in 1970.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ a b c d Terada, Hirokazu (July 2002). データブック日本の私鉄 [Databook: Japan's Private Railways]. Japan: Neko Publishing. p. 557. ISBN 4-87366-874-3. 
  2. ^ 歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線NO.5 東武鉄道2 [Railway Line History No. 5: Tobu Railway 2]. Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications Inc. September 2010. p. 24. ISBN 978-4-02-340135-8. 

External links[edit]