Tōkai (train)

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Tōkai
373 Tokai 3 Tokyo 20060314.JPG
373 series EMU on a Tōkai service, March 2006
Overview
Service type Limited express (from 1996)
First service 1955 (Semi express)
1996 (Limited express Wide View Tōkai)
Last service 2007
Current operator(s) East Japan Railway Company
(TokyoAtami)
Central Japan Railway Company
(AtamiShizuoka)
Route
Line used Tōkaidō Main Line
Technical
Rolling stock 373 series (1996–2007)

The Tōkai (東海?) was a limited express service which connected Tokyo Station and Shizuoka Station in Japan. The service was discontinued in March 2007 due to declining passenger numbers.

Stops[edit]

Tokyo - Shinagawa - Kawasaki - Yokohama - Ōfuna - Hiratsuka - Odawara - Yugawara - Atami - Mishima - Numazu - Fuji - Shimizu - Shizuoka

Rolling stock[edit]

165 series EMU on a Tōkai express service in 1986
  • 1955–1957: Locomotive-hauled
  • 1957–1958: JNR 80 series EMUs
  • 1958–1982: JNR 153 series EMUs
  • 1968–1996: JNR 165 series EMUs
  • 16 March 1996 – 17 March 2007: JR Central 373 series EMUs (as Wide View Tōkai)

History[edit]

The Tōkai service was first introduced by Japan National Railways (JNR) on 20 July 1955 as a locomotive-hauled semi express train operating between Tokyo and Nagoya. The train was upgraded to "express" status from 5 March 1966.[1] From 16 March 1996, the service was upgraded to become the limited express Wide View Tōkai using pairs of new 373 series 3-car EMU trainsets, with two return workings daily between Tokyo and Shizuoka.[2]


References[edit]

  1. ^ 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. 
  2. ^ こだわりの新幹線&特急列車ガイド [In-depth Shinkansen & Limited Express Guide]. Japan: Ikaros Publishing. August 2000. ISBN 4-87149-284-2.