Tōkamachi, Niigata

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Tōkamachi
十日町市
City
Location of Tōkamachi in Niigata Prefecture
Location of Tōkamachi in Niigata Prefecture
Tōkamachi is located in Japan
Tōkamachi
Tōkamachi
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 37°07′28″N 138°45′32″E / 37.12444°N 138.75889°E / 37.12444; 138.75889Coordinates: 37°07′28″N 138°45′32″E / 37.12444°N 138.75889°E / 37.12444; 138.75889
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
Prefecture Niigata Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Yoshifumi Sekiguchi (since May 2009)
Area
 • Total 589.92 km2 (227.77 sq mi)
Population (April 30, 2011)
 • Total 59,649
 • Density 101.11/km2 (261.9/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols
- Tree Fagus crenata
- Flower Lilium
Address 3-3 Chitose, Tokamachi-shi, Niigata-ken
948-8501
Phone number 025-757-3111

Tōkamachi (十日町市 Tōkamachi-shi?) is a city in Niigata Prefecture, Japan.

As of April 30, 2011, the city has an estimated population of 59,649 and a population density of 101.11 persons per km². The total area is 589.92 km², including the post-creation undefined boundary areas.

Tokamachi is home to the Tokamachi Snow Festival, which takes place every February. It is the snow festival with the oldest history in Japan.[citation needed] Tokamachi also hosts the Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial which attracts over 700,000 visitors to the region each summer.[citation needed]

Kinare, an Echigo-Tsumari Art Triennial site, late March

The city's mayor is Yoshifumi Sekiguchi, who was elected in May 2009.[1]

Tokamachi derives its name from the fact that on the tenth day of the month, the town's local market was held. Similarly, nearby Muikamachi had its own local market held on the sixth day of the month.[2]

Geography[edit]

Adjoining communities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Winter is cold and wet. An average of three meters of snow hit the city during this season. Tokamachi, like much of Japan is located in a temperate marine climate zone which provides plenty of wet weather. Although the temperature does not often drop below 0 °C (32 °F), snow is in abundance. For this reason, Tokamachi has benefited from shosetsu paippus. Because Tokamachi lies in a valley, wind patterns bring in clouds from both the sea of Japan as well as the Pacific ocean. The mountains surrounding the city (though not terribly high in altitude) act as any other mountains that affect rain and snow patterns providing a barrier for cloud patters. This causes a great deal of the built up precipitation to drop on the city. The Tōkamachi area receives the most snow of any area on the main island of Honshu.[citation needed]

Climate data for Tokamachi, Niigata (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.0
(37.4)
3.7
(38.7)
7.4
(45.3)
15.3
(59.5)
21.8
(71.2)
25.2
(77.4)
28.4
(83.1)
30.4
(86.7)
25.6
(78.1)
19.5
(67.1)
13.1
(55.6)
6.5
(43.7)
16.66
(61.98)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.2
(31.6)
0.0
(32)
2.7
(36.9)
9.0
(48.2)
15.5
(59.9)
19.9
(67.8)
23.5
(74.3)
24.9
(76.8)
20.5
(68.9)
14.1
(57.4)
8.0
(46.4)
2.6
(36.7)
11.71
(53.08)
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−3.4
(25.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
10.0
(50)
15.6
(60.1)
19.8
(67.6)
20.9
(69.6)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
3.9
(39)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.68
(45.83)
Precipitation mm (inches) 415.2
(16.346)
268.4
(10.567)
179.4
(7.063)
102.1
(4.02)
106.3
(4.185)
141.2
(5.559)
209.9
(8.264)
156.1
(6.146)
171.5
(6.752)
164.9
(6.492)
231.9
(9.13)
349.1
(13.744)
2,496
(98.268)
Snowfall cm (inches) 417
(164.2)
308
(121.3)
175
(68.9)
39
(15.4)
1
(0.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
12
(4.7)
212
(83.5)
1,164
(458.4)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 55.9 79.4 111.6 166.5 192.4 150.7 153.4 192.5 125.7 125.8 98.7 71.3 1,523.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency

Municipal timeline[edit]

  • March 31, 1954 - Tōkamachi was founded when the old town of Tōkamachi absorbed the villages of Nakajo, Kawaji and Rokka.
  • December 1, 1954 - Tōkamachi absorbed the village of Yoshida (from Nakauonuma District).
  • February 1, 1955 - Tōkamachi absorbed the village of Shimojo (from Nakauonuma District).
  • April 1, 1962 - Tōkamachi absorbed the village of Mizusawa (from Nakauonuma District).
  • October 23, 2004 - Tōkamachi was struck by the Chūetsu earthquake, suffering some damage.
  • April 1, 2005 - Tōkamachi absorbed the towns of Matsudai and Matsunoyama (both from Higashikubiki District); the town of Kawanishi, and the village of Nakasato (both from Nakauonuma District) to create the new and expanded city of Tōkamachi.

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Outside Japan[edit]

  • Italy Como, Italy, signed in 1975

Inside Japan[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "市長プロフィール" [Mayor's profile] (in Japanese). City of Tokamachi. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 
  2. ^ "市長への便り(平成25年7月)" [Mayor answers questions related to name of city] (in Japanese). City of Tokamachi. Retrieved 2014-03-25. 

External links[edit]