|T-Bone Slim |
|Died||c. May 15, 1942
New York City
|Occupation||writer, hobo, labor activist, dock worker|
|Children||Paul, Anna, Florence, Edna|
Matti Valentinpoika Huhta (1880–1942), better known by his pen name T-Bone Slim, was a humorist, poet, songwriter, hobo, and labor activist, who played a prominent role in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
Huhta was born in Ashtabula, Ohio to Matti and Johanna Huhta, Finnish immigrants from Ilmajoki, Finland. As a young man he married Rosa Kotila of Ashtabula, with whom he had four children. The marriage ended when the children were young, and he left Ohio, having no further contact with Rosa or the children.
He worked briefly as a reporter for the daily News-Tribune in Duluth, Minnesota but resigned after an editor "misquoted him and balled up his article" about an IWW mass meeting. According to one account, this was when he joined the Industrial Workers of the World or "Wobblies", as they are sometimes called. Over a period of twenty years Huhta contributed numerous articles and songs to IWW publications and was widely regarded as one of the union's finest writers. He was a regular columnist for Industrial Solidarity and later wrote for the Industrial Worker and Industrialisti.
In addition to his writing, he supported himself in various ways. His experience working on docks and barges around the country had by the mid-1930s garnered him a position as barge captain in New York City. On May 15, 1942 Huhta's body was found floating in the Hudson River, where it appeared to have been for several days. The death was ruled an accidental drowning although the exact circumstances were unclear. There was no funeral, and in the end Huhta was buried in a potter's field on Hart Island.
Following his death, T-Bone Slim became a source of inspiration for the emerging American surrealist movement, and during the 1960s there was renewed interest in his songs when they were sung by Civil Rights activists. In an interview the noted linguist Noam Chomsky cited T-Bone Slim as one of his favorite Wobbly singers.
A number of T-Bone Slim's songs can be found in the Little Red Songbook. Among the best known are The Popular Wobbly, Mysteries Of A Hobo's Life and The Lumberjack's Prayer. First published by the IWW in 1909, the songbook has never gone out of print. The Charles H. Kerr Publishing Company brought out the 38th edition in 2010  and has other works by T-Bone Slim in its catalog. There are no known photographs of T-Bone Slim, but the cartoon sketch at the head of his column was said to have been a good likeness.
The first Finnish translation of T-Bone Slim's writings was published in 2013.
The band Shellac use lyrics of T-Bone Slim in the song Gary. (Dude Incredible, 2014 Touch&Go)
- IWW Songbook 1920
- Power of These Two Hands 1922
- Starving Amidst Too Much 1923
- "Wherever you find injustice, the proper form of politeness is attack." 
- "Always keep yourself fit to serve mankind. Watch yourself, do not watch the boss. Never exhaust yourself — there is nothing more disgusting than a man staggering home from work 'dog-tired', helplessly falling into a chair to have his child remove his shoes; then grabbing a hasty feverish supper; saying good-night to his family and rolling into bed half-washed, to repeat the same thing three hundred and twelve times per year, or until sickness puts a stop to his mad career." 
- "Tear Gas: the most effective agent used by employers to persuade their employees that the interests of capital and labor are identical." 
- Juice Is Stranger Than Friction: Selected Writings Of T-Bone Slim edited by Franklin Rosemont, (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 1993.)
- T-Bone Slim: A Brief Biography iww.org. Retrieved: March 14, 2013.
- Remembering A Wobbly Surrealist readingthemaps.blogspot.com. Retrieved: March 14, 2013.
- They Go Wild Over Me folkarchive.de. Retrieved: March 14, 2013.
- Noam Chomsky Interview chomsky.info. Retrieved: March 14, 2013.
- IWW Songbook 38th edition, (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 2010.)
- Starving Amidst Too Much . . . by T-Bone Slim et al., (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 2005.)
- Mielipuolipiteitä yes muita kirjoituksia: selected writings of T-Bone Slim translated by Ville-Juhani Sutinen, (Turku, Finland: Savukeidas, 2013.) adlibris.com. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- Dancin' In The Streets by Franklin Rosemont and Charles Radcliffe, (Chicago: Charles H. Kerr, 2005.)
- This article incorporates research by Jennifer Trask Ripley, using source material from the family and birth and death state archival records.
- Sketch of T-Bone Slim from his newspaper column
- Juice Is Stranger Than Friction 1993
- Starving Amidst Too Much 2005
- Mielipuolipiteitä yes muita kirjoituksia 2013
- Harvest Land (possibly written by T-Bone Slim)
- I'm Too Old To Be A Scab
- I Wanna Free Miss Liberty
- The Lumberjack's Prayer
- Mysteries Of A Hobo's Life
- The Popular Wobbly
- The Lumberjack's Prayer on YouTube
- Mysteries Of A Hobo's Life on YouTube
- The Popular Wobbly on YouTube
- Beulah Land (Harvest Land)
- Just Before The Battle, Mother (I'm Too Old To Be A Scab)
- My Sunny Tennessee (I Wanna Free Miss Liberty)
The Internet Archive