Walker in Hamburg, Germany, 1972
|Birth name||Aaron Thibeaux Walker|
|Also known as||Oak Cliff T-Bone|
May 28, 1910|
Linden, Texas, U.S.
|Died||March 16, 1975
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Genres||Blues, Texas blues, Chicago blues, jump blues, West Coast blues|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, bandleader|
|Instruments||Guitar, vocals, piano, banjo, ukulele, violin, mandolin|
|Labels||Atlantic, Black & Blue, Black & White, Blues Way Records, Brunswick, Capitol, Charly, Columbia, Duke, Imperial, Modern, Polydor, Reprise|
Aaron Thibeaux "T-Bone" Walker (May 28, 1910 – March 16, 1975) was a critically acclaimed American blues guitarist, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist, who was an influential pioneer and innovator of the jump blues and electric blues sound. In 2011, Rolling Stone magazine ranked him at number 67 on their list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time".
Walker was born in Linden, Texas, of African-American and Cherokee descent. Walker's parents, Movelia Jimerson and Rance Walker, were both musicians. His stepfather, Marco Washington, taught him to play the guitar, ukulele, banjo, violin, mandolin, and piano.
Walker began his career as a teenager in Dallas in the early 1900s. His mother and stepfather (a member of the Dallas String Band) were musicians, and family friend Blind Lemon Jefferson sometimes came over for dinner. Walker left school at the age of 10, and by 15 he was a professional performer on the blues circuit. Initially, he was Jefferson's protégé and would guide him around town for his gigs. In 1929, Walker made his recording debut with Columbia Records billed as Oak Cliff T-Bone, releasing the single "Wichita Falls Blues"/"Trinity River Blues". Oak Cliff was the community he lived in at the time and T-Bone a corruption of his middle name. Pianist Douglas Fernell played accompaniment on the record.
Walker married Vida Lee in 1935; the couple had three children. By the age of 25, Walker was working at clubs in Los Angeles' Central Avenue, sometimes as the featured singer and guitarist with Les Hite's orchestra.
By 1942, with his second album release, Walker's new-found musical maturity and ability had advanced to the point that Rolling Stone claimed that he "shocked everyone" with his newly developed distinctive sound upon the release of his first single "Mean Old World", on the Capitol Records label. Much of his output was recorded from 1946 to 1948 on Black & White Records, including his most famous song, 1947's "Call It Stormy Monday (But Tuesday Is Just as Bad)". Other notable songs he recorded during this period were "Bobby Sox Blues" (a #3 R&B hit in 1946), and "West Side Baby" (#8 on the R&B singles charts in 1948).
Following his work with White and Black, he recorded from 1950 to 1954 for Imperial Records (backed by Dave Bartholomew). Walker's only record in the next five years was T-Bone Blues, recorded over three widely separated sessions in 1955, 1956 and 1959, and finally released by Atlantic Records in 1960.
By the early 1960s, Walker's career had slowed down, in spite of a hyped appearance at the American Folk Blues Festival in 1962 with Memphis Slim and prolific writer and musician Willie Dixon, among others. However, several critically acclaimed albums followed, such as I Want a Little Girl (recorded for Delmark Records in 1968). Walker recorded in his last years, from 1968 to 1975, for Robin Hemingway's Jitney Jane Songs music publishing company, and he won a Grammy Award for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording in 1971 for Good Feelin′, while signed by Polydor Records, produced by Hemingway, followed by another album produced by Hemingway: Walker's Fly Walker Airlines, which was released in 1973.
Chuck Berry named Walker and Louis Jordan as his main influences. B.B. King cites hearing Walker's "Stormy Monday" record as his inspiration for getting an electric guitar. Walker was admired by Jimi Hendrix who imitated Walker's trick of playing the guitar with his teeth. "Stormy Monday" was a favorite live number for The Allman Brothers Band.
- Wichita Falls Blues (1929)
- Trinity River Blues (1929)
- Mean Old World Blues (1942)
- Bobby Sox Blues (1946)
- Stormy Monday Blues (1947)
- West Side Baby (1948)
- I Get So Weary (1961)
- Great Blues Vocals and Guitar (1963)
- The Legendary T-Bone Walker (1967)
- Blue Rocks (1968)
- I Want a Little Girl (1968)
- The Truth (1968)
- Feelin' the Blues (1969)
- Funky Town (1969)
- Good Feelin' (1969)
- Everyday I Have the Blues (1970)
- Dirty Mistreater (1973)
- Fly Walker Airlines (1973)
- Well Done (1973)
With Jimmy Witherspoon
- Evenin' Blues (Prestige, 1963)
- Dahl, Bill. "T-Bone Walker Biography". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Dance, Helen Oakley. "Walker, Aaron Thibeaux (T-Bone)". The Handbook of Texas Online. Denton, TX: Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on 2008-01-27. Retrieved May 14, 2010.
- "100 Greatest Guitarists". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. 23 November 2011. ISSN 0035-791X.
- Nadal, James. "Profile of T-Bone Walker". All About Jazz. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. pp. 58–59. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Blues Masters: The Very Best of T-Bone Walker review by Alex Henderson
- Allmusic.com discography
- Blues.about.com - accessed June 2009
- "Performers in Blues Hall of Fame". Blues Foundation. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "T-Bone Walker: inducted in 1987". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Retrieved 18 May 2011.
- Harper, Johnny. "T-Bone Walker: Blues Guitar Godfather". There Productions, LLC. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- Welding, Pete (1991). The Complete Imperial Recordings, 1950-1954 (CD booklet). T-Bone Walker. Hollywood, CA: EMI Records USA. pp. 9–10. CDP-7-96737-2.
- T-Bone Walker at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
- T-Bone Walker discography at Discogs
- T-Bone Walker at the Internet Movie Database
- T-Bone Walker at Find a Grave