T-square (fractal)

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This article is about a two dimensional fractal in mathematics. For other uses, see T-square (disambiguation).

In mathematics, the T-square is a two-dimensional fractal. As all two-dimensional fractals, it has a boundary of infinite length bounding a finite area. Its name follows from that for a T-square.

T-square, evolution in six steps.

Algorithmic description[edit]

It can be generated from using this algorithm:

  1. Image 1:
    1. Start with a square. (The black square in the image)
  2. Image 2:
    1. At each convex corner of the previous image, place another square, centered at that corner, with half the side length of the square from the previous image.
    2. Take the union of the previous image with the collection of smaller squares placed in this way.
  3. Images 3–6:
    1. Repeat step 2.
T-square.

The method of creation is rather similar to the ones used to create a Koch snowflake or a Sierpinski triangle.

Properties[edit]

T-square has a fractal dimension of ln(4)/ln(2) = 2.[citation needed] The black surface extent is almost everywhere in the bigger square, for, once a point has been darkened, it remains black for every other iteration ; however some points remain white.

The fractal dimension of the boundary equals \textstyle{\frac{\log{3}}{\log{2}}=1.5849...}.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Hamma, Alioscia; Lidar, Daniel A.; Severini, Simone (2010). "Entanglement and area law with a fractal boundary in topologically ordered phase". Phys. Rev. A 82. doi:10.1103/PhysRevA.81.010102. 
  • Ahmed, Emad S. (2012). "Dual-mode dual-band microstrip bandpass filter based on fourth iteration T-square fractal and shorting pin". Radioengineering 21 (2): 617.