T. B. Joshua

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T. B. Joshua
Born Temitope Balogun
(1963-06-12) June 12, 1963 (age 51)
Arigidi, Nigeria
Residence Ikotun-Egbe, Lagos
Nationality  Nigeria
Occupation Prophet, Minister, televangelist
Spouse(s) Evelyn Joshua
Website
The Synagogue, Church Of All Nations, Emmanuel TV

Temitope Balogun Joshua (born June 12, 1963 in Arigidi, Nigeria), commonly referred to as T. B. Joshua, is a Christian minister, televangelist and faith healer. He is leader and founder of the ministry organisation The Synagogue, Church of All Nations (SCOAN), which runs a Christian television station called Emmanuel TV, available on satellite and on the Internet via the Streaming Faith broadcast portal.

He is also a notable humanitarian, providing aid to minorities and the underprivileged on national and international scales via Another Ministry. He has been awarded various accolades, notably receiving the National Honour of OFR by the Nigerian government in 2008.[1] He is recognised as one of Africa's 50 most influential people.[2][3]

Joshua is known for his popularity across Africa and his online presence, with 1,000,000 fans on Facebook[4][5] and hundreds of YouTube videos which have proved controversial and amassed hundreds of thousands of views [6]

Biography[edit]

According to Joshua’s official biography, unusual circumstances surrounded his birth. It is claimed he spent 15 months in his mother’s womb [7] and narrowly avoided death after a quarry explosion near his house sent rocks through its roof just seven days after his birth.

Joshua attended St. Stephen's Anglican Primary School in Arigidi-Akoko, Nigeria between 1971 and 1977,[8] but failed to complete one year of secondary school education.[8] In school, he was known as "small pastor" because of his love for the Bible. He worked in various casual jobs after his schooling had ended, including carrying chicken waste at a poultry farm.[9] He organised Bible studies for local children and attended evening school during this period.[7] Joshua attempted to join the Nigerian military but was thwarted due to a train breakdown that left him stranded en route to the military academy.[10]

The Synagogue, Church of All Nations (SCOAN)[edit]

In 1989, T. B. Joshua fasted and prayed for 40 days and 40 nights.[11] He wrote that in a heavenly vision, he had received divine anointing and a covenant from God to start his ministry.[12] Following this, Joshua founded the ministry organisation The Synagogue, Church of All Nations (SCOAN) with only a handful of members.[13][self-published source] According to the organisation, more than 15,000 members [14] attend its weekly Sunday service; visitors from outside Nigeria are accommodated in the accommodation blocks constructed at the church.[15][16][17]

The SCOAN has been hailed for its impact on Nigerian tourism,[18] recent statistics from the Nigerian Immigration Service revealing that out of every ten foreign travellers coming into Nigeria, six of them are bound for The SCOAN.[19] The Guardian Newspaper UK reported that The SCOAN attracts more weekly attendees than the combined number of visitors to Buckingham Palace and the Tower of London.[20]

The SCOAN's popular services have also resulted in an enormous boost for local businesses and hoteliers.[21]

Healing and other miracles[edit]

SCOAN remains controversial both in Nigeria and abroad, claiming regular occurrences of divine miracles. Several hundred Nigerians and international visitors come to the SCOAN each week to register for the prayer lines where the visitors are prayed over by T. B. Joshua and the "Wise Men". SCOAN has published numerous videos claiming to document the healing of incurable disabilities and illnesses such as spinal cord injuries, HIV/AIDS[22][23][24] and cancer.[25] Medical reports are a prerequisite for prayer for any health-related ailment in an attempt to authenticate the miracles said to be occurring.

Spiritual healing at The SCOAN has been the subject of several media reports, including a mention in Time Magazine,[26] an Associated Press interview[27] and an article by Foreign Policy detailing the proficiency of Nigerians to seek 'spiritual' help due to insufficient medical facilities.[28]

Since June 2010, four "Wise Men" have joined in ministering to people at The SCOAN, purportedly able to prophesy, heal and deliver in the same vein as T. B. Joshua.[29] The church has branches in Ghana,[30][31][32] and the United Kingdom.[33]

Anointing Water[edit]

Many have also claimed to be healed through ‘Anointing Water’ that has been prayed over by Joshua and given to those who are unable to physically attend his church in Lagos.[34][35][36]

The 'water' sparked controversy when four people died in a stampede in Joshua's Ghanaian branch when an unadvertised service where it was being distributed drew huge crowds far beyond the churches capacity, bringing Ghana's capital city Accra almost to a standstill.[37]

Deliverance Of Demon-Possessed[edit]

SCOAN is also controversial for the 'deliverance' of those allegedly possessed by evil spirits during its services.[38][39] The wife of Ghanaian goal keeper Richard Kingson was allegedly delivered of an evil spirit which was behind her husband's inability to procure a contract with a team since 2011.[40] He has since secured a contract with Turkish club Balıkesirspor.

Notable Ghanaian human rights lawyer Kwabla Senanu testified at The SCOAN that he was 'delivered' from a spiritual problem that had caused him embarrassing bouts of sleep in the courtroom.[41] Similarly, Ghanaian musician Denise Williams said she was 'delivered' from a demon that had pushed her to become a drug addict and suicidal.[42] Veteran Nigerian Nollywood Actress Camilla Mberekpe was also said to be 'delivered' at The SCOAN.[43]

Popular Nollywood actor Jim Iyke also received deliverance at The SCOAN,[44] the video of the supposed event subsequently going viral.[45]

Humanitarian work[edit]

Another Ministry is the humanitarian arm of SCOAN. It caters to the needs of widows,[46][47][48] the elderly,[49] physically challenged,[50] orphans and the destitute.[51] The church provides scholarships to orphans and children of the underprivileged, with educational support given from primary to tertiary levels. His scholarship sponsorship's have included more than 5000 Nigerian and foreign students,with one Nigerian student doing a PhD in Oxford University, Nigerian media reporting the total given amounted to £100,000.[52]

There is also a rehabilitation programme for armed robbers,[53][54] prostitutes, political thugs and militants from Nigeria’s volatile Niger Delta region.[55]

Joshua is well known in Nigeria for reconciling broken families and marriages.[56][57][58] SCOAN has established various NGOs in other countries, including the Passion For Needy in Ghana.[59] After the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Joshua sent a team of medical personnel and humanitarian workers to the affected area, establishing a field hospital called 'Clinique Emmanuel'.[60] A Forbes blogger estimated Joshua has spent $20 million on humanitarian activities in the last three years.[55] In recognition of his humanitarian activities, he was awarded a National Honour by the Nigerian government in 2008 [1] as well as receiving a letter of appreciation from the United Nations.[61] He was further honoured as an Ambassador of Peace by the Arewa Youth Forum, a predominantly Muslim organisation, in appreciation of his humanitarian endeavours.[62]

Sports[edit]

In 2009 T. B. Joshua started a football club, My People FC, as part of efforts to help the youth. Two members of the team played for Nigeria's Golden Eaglets in the 2009 FIFA U-17 World Cup. Sani Emmanuel, who apparently lived in The SCOAN for several years,[63] was Nigeria's top-scorer and the tournament's MVP. Emmanuel and his colleague Ogenyi Onazi have now signed professional contracts with SS Lazio, Onazi a key player for the Nigerian Senior Team, the Super Eagles.[64] Following the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi, India, T. B. Joshua rewarded the efforts of the Nigerian Team, presenting the physically challenged medalists with cash gifts and cars.[65]

Current WBO International Light Middleweight boxing champion King Davidson Emenogu said that Joshua has financially supported him throughout his career and purportedly prophesied that he would be a world boxing champion.[66]

Prophecy[edit]

SCOAN claims that Joshua has successfully predicted events in the lives of individuals who attend his church services as well as worldwide events, including a prophecy of Michael Jackson's death,[67] the Boston bombing attacks in America [68] and the outcome of various football matches,[69] including the two recent African Cup of Nations (AFCON) final matches, which were won by Zambia [70] and Nigeria[71] respectively.

His prophecy about the death of former Malawian President Bingu wa Mutharika, created an internet storm, the prediction widely reported in African press before[72] and after his demise.[73][74] Malawi's current president Joyce Banda is a regular visitor to The SCOAN[75] and it is reported Joshua's prophetic message about involving youth in politics even influenced her choice of a youthful vice presidential candidate in the upcoming Malawian elections.[76]

Joshua's prophecies are held in such esteem that false rumors spread using his name are known to have caused widespread panic in communities,[77][78] affected sporting events[79] and led people to stop using social networks.[80]

MH370 Prophecy[edit]

Joshua's purported prophecy about the crash of Malaysian Airlines MH370 several months before the incident drew international media attention[81] with its accompanying YouTube video going viral and amassing over 900,000 views in weeks.[82]

Notable visitors[edit]

Notable visitors, especially within the African political sphere, have visited SCOAN. These include Zimbabwe’s Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangarai,[83] late Ghanaian President John Evans Atta Mills [84] (who testified that T. B. Joshua prophesied his ascent to presidency),[85] South Africa’s Winnie Mandela,[86] Malawian President Joyce Banda,[87] EFF Leader Julius Malema,[88] the Zulu King, Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu [89] and the late former Zambian President Fredrick Chiluba who described himself as an 'Emmanuel TV addict'.[90]

Emmanuel TV[edit]

Emmanuel TV is the television station of the SCOAN and broadcasts 24/7. Their Saturday and Sunday services, which include the prayer lines, are broadcast live. T. B. Joshua's programmes also air weekly on a number of local television stations across Africa. T. B. Joshua has donated televisions to prisons and hospitals so that they will be able to watch the Emmanuel TV broadcasts.[91][92]

Popular Nigerian Actress Tonto Dikeh testified that Joshua’s prayers on Emmanuel TV stopped her smoking habit of 14 years.[93]

Personal life[edit]

T. B. Joshua is married to Evelyn Joshua. They have three children. His first daughter Sarah graduated from London School of Economics with a law degree in 2012, and is now pursusing a Master's degree in America.[94][dead link]

Books written by T. B. Joshua[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Umem, James (2008-12-23). "Adeboye, TB Joshua Absent At National Awards". Vanguard. 
  2. ^ "The 50 Most Influential Africans". The Africa Report. 2012-09-30. 
  3. ^ "2012: 100 Most Influential Africans". New African Magazine. 2012-12-26. 
  4. ^ "T.B. Joshua Passes Million Milestone On Facebook". Peace FM (Ghana). 2014-05-29. 
  5. ^ Akli, Emmanuel (2012-12-07). "T.B. Joshua Speaks". Ghanaian Chronicle. 
  6. ^ Yenko, Athena (2014-03-12). "Malaysian Flight MH370: Prophecy Video Emerges Dated July 28". International Business Times. 
  7. ^ a b Correspondent, Codewit (2009-04-07). "Untold Story Of A Mystery T.B. Joshua". Codewit. 
  8. ^ a b "Critique on TB Joshua by Bill Subritsky". 
  9. ^ Emmanuel, Tito (2010-08-12). "TB Joshua – 47 Happy Cheers". All Africa. 
  10. ^ Olanipekun, Akinwale (2011-06-12). "TB Joshua: Saving The Face Of The World". Sunshine Memo, Ondo. 
  11. ^ Phiri, Sam (2010-06-25). "Evangelist Fasts Himself To Death". All Africa. 
  12. ^ "About Prophet T.B. Joshua". 
  13. ^ "The History of the SCOAN". Scoan.org. Retrieved 2012-03-06. 
  14. ^ "Celebrity Priests". The Economist. 2012-07-07. 
  15. ^ "Deliverance in Jesus' Name, Holland". 
  16. ^ "Report on TB Joshua, South Africa". 
  17. ^ "My Visit To Nigeria, USA". 
  18. ^ Vanessa Offiong, Adie (2010-02-27). "Tourism Has Spiritual Face Too". Weekly Trust (Nigeria). 
  19. ^ Adebayo, Segun (2013-04-29). "Religious Tourism: SCOAN, A Trail Blazer". National Daily (Nigeria). 
  20. ^ Mark, Monica (2013-09-01). "Lagos Businesses Cash In On Lure Of Super Pastor TB Joshua". The Guardian (UK). 
  21. ^ Ben-Nwankwo, Nonye (2013-08-17). "TB Joshua’s Neighbours Convert Homes To Hotels". The Punch (Nigeria). 
  22. ^ Idam, Jossy (2010-05-16). "Healed of HIV, man turns pastor, preaches abstinence". The Sun (Nigeria). 
  23. ^ "The Prophet". Carte Blanche. 2000-09-03. 
  24. ^ "Church HIV prayer cure claims 'cause three deaths'". BBC. 2011-10-17. 
  25. ^ Onwuka, Azuka (2002-09-07). "Era Of Religious Marketing". This Day. 
  26. ^ Kluger, Jeffrey (2009-02-12). "Spiritual Healing Around The World". Time Magazine. 
  27. ^ Petesch, Carley (2014-04-19). "Nigeria Preacher: Healer Or Controversial Leader". Associated Press. 
  28. ^ Getty, Rowan Moore (2014-04-25). "Only The Synagogue Can Save You". Foreign Policy. 
  29. ^ "Jesus Christ Is My Mentor". The News Magazine. 2011-04-19. 
  30. ^ Azu, Vance. "HIV Patient Gets Divine Healing". The Tabloids. 
  31. ^ Azu, Vance (2003-01-20). "Run-away Husband Stages Come-back". The Mirror. 
  32. ^ Umoren, Comfort (2010-09-21). "3 Jailed For Robbing T.B. Joshua’s Church In Ghana". This Day. 
  33. ^ "Delivered From A King Of Demons at T.B. Joshua’s Church In London". Ghana Web. 2011-06-06. 
  34. ^ Edjewhovbo, Benson (2010-07-22). "Curing Four Year Old Acid Victim". Daily Independent. 
  35. ^ Ndlovu-Gherke, Nomsa (2010-07-16). "By Divine Connection". The Voice (Botswana). 
  36. ^ Taapopi, NM (2012-04-27). "God Has Not Moved". The Namibian. 
  37. ^ Hirsch, Afua (2013-05-23). "Celebrity Pastor Under Fire After Worshippers Die In Rush For 'Holy Water'". The Guardian (UK). 
  38. ^ Ajaero, Chris (2009-04-06). "Life In The Occult World". Newswatch Magazine (Nigeria). 
  39. ^ "Demon Possessed Redeemed Elder Delivered By TB Joshua". Modern Ghana. 2009-07-23. 
  40. ^ Reynolds, Emma (2012-09-11). "Wife Of Premier League Goalie Claims To Be 'Witch' Who Wrecked Her Husband's Career And Made Him Impotent". Daily Mail (UK). 
  41. ^ Graphic, Daily (2013-04-08). "T.B. Joshua 'Delivers' Sleeping Lawyer". My Joy Online (Ghana). 
  42. ^ Graphic, Daily (2013-03-18). "I Attempted Suicide, Was Into Prostitution, Drugs – Vodafone Icons Winner". My Joy Online (Ghana). 
  43. ^ Afisunlu, Feyi (2013-04-29). "Pastor T.B. Joshua Delivers Nollywood Actress From Witchcraft". Daily Post (Nigeria). 
  44. ^ Aglanu, Ernest Dela (2013-09-29). "Jim Iyke Delivered From 'Demonic' Possession At TB Joshua's Church". My Joy Online (Ghana). 
  45. ^ "Much Ado About Jim Iyke’s Deliverance At TB Joshua’s Synagogue". Daily Independent (Nigeria). 2013-10-01. 
  46. ^ Ajayi, Segun (2008-07-02). "Pastor’s Day With The Downtrodden". The Sun. 
  47. ^ Okafor, Chiji (2009-10-18). "Widow, 9 Kids Eat From Refuse Dump". National Life. 
  48. ^ Idam, Jossy (2007-09-29). "T.B. Joshua Adopts 60 Dwarfs". The Sun. 
  49. ^ "Agbako Clocks 84". Nigerian Tribune. 2011-03-19. 
  50. ^ Ajaero, Chris (2008-10-27). "Cry No More". Newswatch. 
  51. ^ Okonkwo, Innocent (2010-06-15). "TB Joshua Makes Case For The Needy". All Africa. 
  52. ^ Adeyemo, Adeola (2012-11-19). "Prophet T.B Joshua Sponsors Nigerian Student Yinka Oduwole With N26 Million For A PhD At Oxford University". Bella Naija. 
  53. ^ Ajaero, Chris (2008-02-24). "Their Way In And Out Of Robbery". Newswatch. 
  54. ^ Idam, Jossy (2009-11-29). "Confession Of Robbery Kingpins". The Sun. 
  55. ^ a b Nsehe, Mfonobong (2011-06-07). "The Five Richest Pastors In Nigeria". Forbes Blog. 
  56. ^ "Son Forgives Man Who Butchered President Doe". IOL. 2000-11-22. 
  57. ^ Ajaero, Chris (2008-08-24). "She Made Her Husband Mad". Newswatch. 
  58. ^ Okonkwo, Innocent (2009-10-07). "80-Year-Old Widow Lives With Corpse for 14 Months". All Africa. 
  59. ^ Ametepe, Isaac (2011-04-29). "Passion for Needy registers 120 less privileged persons under NHIS". The Ghanaian Rector. 
  60. ^ "Emmanuel TV Haiti Earthquake Relief". Read Us. 2010-08-27. 
  61. ^ Makaka, Sam (2014-01-30). "Prophet TB Joshua Gets UN Recognition". Nyasa Times (Malawi). 
  62. ^ Ido, Akan (2013-08-04). "TB Joshua Receives Peace Award From Arewa Youth Forum". Y Naija. 
  63. ^ Ajah, Uchenna (2009-11-09). "TB Joshua's Altar Boy is Eaglets' Joker". All Africa. 
  64. ^ "TB Joshua Said I'll Score Against Venezuela". Punch (Nigeria). 2012-11-18. 
  65. ^ "TB Joshua Spoils Team Nigeria With Naira, Cars". Sports Day. 2010-11-15. 
  66. ^ Leitch, Adam (2012-07-04). "Nigerian Prophet Predicted King's World Title Win". Daily Echo (UK). 
  67. ^ Njoku, Ihechukwu (2009-06-29). "Prophet TB Joshua Predicted The Death Of Michael Jackson". Nigeria World. 
  68. ^ Efe Mensah, Dorcas (2013-04-16). "TB Joshua Prophesied About Boston Bombings In January". My Joy Online (Ghana). 
  69. ^ Ofei, Alex (2009-10-20). "TB Joshua Engineered Our Victory – Sellas Tetteh". Peace FM. 
  70. ^ Manasa, Makweembo (2012-02-14). "TB Joshua Prophesied Zambia's Historic AFCON Victory". Zim Eye (Zimbabwe). 
  71. ^ Alawode, Adebobola (2013-02-08). "Nations Cup Final – Eagles Will Win Says TB Joshua". PM News (Nigeria). 
  72. ^ Gwede, Wanga (2012-04-02). "Prophet TB Joshua Insists President's Death 'Very Close'". Nyasa Times (Malawi). 
  73. ^ "TB Joshua Under Fire Over Bingu's Death". The Herald (Zimbabwe). 2012-04-11. 
  74. ^ Chizimu, Chisulo (2012-04-09). "Did TB Joshua Predict Mutharika's Death?". Maravi Post (Malawi). 
  75. ^ Boisselet, Pierre (2014-02-07). "Nigeria : "Un jour, tu seras président"". Jeune Afrique. 
  76. ^ "T.B. Joshua's Prophecy Influenced JB To Pick Gwengwe – Report". Nyasa Times. 2014-02-17. 
  77. ^ "Church Debunks Mystery Lion Prophecy". Vanguard (Nigeria). 2010-01-27. 
  78. ^ Mlotshwa, Jabulani (2010-03-29). "Tales Of Doom Far Too Tall". Mail & Guardian (South Africa). 
  79. ^ "CONFIRMED! Prophecy Not True As Tickets Run Out". Tumfweko (Zambia). 2012-06-07. 
  80. ^ "TB Joshua Ministries Debunk Death On 2Go And Facebook Prophecy". African Spotlight. 2012-07-17. 
  81. ^ Hallowell, Billy (2014-03-12). "Did Nigerian Pastor’s ‘Prophecy’ Predict the Disappearance of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH370 Months Ago?". The Blaze. 
  82. ^ John, Simi (2014-03-13). "Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370: Clip of Nigerian Preacher 'Predicting Disappearance' Goes Viral [VIDEO]". International Business Times (UK). 
  83. ^ Gagare, Owen (2010-09-03). "Tsvangirai Visits TB Joshua". News Day. 
  84. ^ Njoku, Ihechukwu (2012-08-02). "Prophet TB Joshua Says, 'Be Prepared To Die'". Nyasa Times (Malawi). 
  85. ^ Ogunmade, Omololu (2009-01-13). "Atta Mills Visits Spiritual Head In Nigeria". The Ghanaian Journal. 
  86. ^ Zvomuya, Percy (2012-08-23). "TB Joshua: The Preacher Who Knows Too Much". Mail & Guardian (South Africa). 
  87. ^ Kufa, Charles (2011-07-03). "Joyce Banda Visits Renowned Prophet TB Joshua". Nyasa Times. 
  88. ^ "Malema In Nigeria To Visit Prophet". News 24 (South Africa). 2013-08-14. 
  89. ^ Achi, Louis (2003-11-17). "Seeking Healing, South African Monarch Visits Synagogue". This Day. 
  90. ^ Brittain, Victoria (2011-06-19). "Frederick Chiluba Obituary". The Guardian (UK). 
  91. ^ "T.B. Joshua Donates TV Sets To Khami Maximum Security Prison". NewsDay. June 12, 2011. 
  92. ^ "Prophet T.B. Joshua Makes Donation To Accra Psychiatric Hospital". Ghana News Agency. December 11, 2011. 
  93. ^ Ogunjimi, Opeoluwani (2012-08-31). "TB Joshua’s Prayers Ended My 14 Years Smoking Addiction – Tonto Dike". Vanguard (Nigeria). 
  94. ^ Njoku, Ihechukwu (2012-07-15). "TB Joshua's Daughter Graduates". UK Zambians. 

External links[edit]