Thomas William Hodgson Crosland

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Thomas William Hodgson Crosland (July 21, 1865 or 1868–1924), was a British author, poet, journalist and friend of royalty.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Leeds on July 21, 1865 or 1868.[1][3]

He was an associate and friend of Lord Alfred Douglas, who was Oscar Wilde's lover. The bitter feud between Lord Alfred's father the Marquess of Queensberry and his son resulted in Wilde sueing the Marquess for libel at Douglas’s urging. Subsequently Wilde was charged with homosexuality after the Marquess produced evidence of Wilde’s behaviour as justifying the libel. In 1895 Wilde was found guilty and imprisoned. After the trial Crosland, a fanatical Christian homophobe, united with Douglas, who claimed to be reformed and had become a pious Catholic, and together they persecuted Robbie Ross in the civil courts in a variety of actions. They also repeatedly wrote and visited the police and the Director of Public Prosecutions, trying to ensure Ross' arrest for homosexual offences. (See J Fryer, 'Robert Ross. Oscar Wilde's Devoted Friend', pp. 75–90 and passim.)

In 1913 the author Arthur Ransome recalled the rather endearing story of his (Crosland's) first arrival in London from Yorkshire, by road, pushing a perambulator that was shared by manuscripts and a baby. This was at the trial of Ransome and others for libelling Douglas in Ransome’s 1912 book on Wilde; Crosland and the impecunious Douglas had hoped for substantial damages but lost. When Douglas was declared bankrupt in February 1913, his solicitor had informed the court that damages of £2,500 a fortune, were expected, which alarmed Ransome when he saw it in The Times. [4] The judge was rather scathing about Douglas’s behavior in the box, and the jury found that the words complained of were a libel but were true. Ransome’s biographer referred to Crosland as a shady associate of Douglas, and Ross’s biographer calls him a narrow-minded bigot and a right-wing Tory. Crosland wrote a negative review and criticism of Wilde’s De Profundis in 1912, and ghost-wrote Douglas’s memoir Oscar Wilde and Myself in 1914. [5] [6]

In 1914 Robbie Ross, Oscar Wilde's literary executor and rival for Wilde’s affection, charged Crosland with criminal libel, plus writs for criminal conspiracy and perjury against Douglas and Crosland jointly. Crosland was found not guilty, though the judge did say that acquittal would not imply that Ross was guilty of any offence.[7]

Thomas was a humanitarian who frequently wrote in his poems about the impoverished and sick and unemployed, especially caring about returned soldiers in the First World War. Battling many illnesses, he died in 1924, leaving a wife and son.

Publications[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Henry Robert Addison, Charles Henry Oakes, William John Lawson and Douglas Brooke Wheelton Sladen (1907). "T. W. H. Crosland". Who's Who, 59: p. 418. "... of William Crosland of Leeds; b. 21 July 1868; m, Annie, rf. of Edward Thomas Moore, Solicitor, Oxford. Educ.: privately. Contributed to the Leeds Mercury supplement, Yorkshire Weekly Post, Black and White, Outlook, Academy, The Gentlewoman, Public Opinion, Evening Standard, etc.; Assistant Editor of the Outlook, 1899 - 1902. Publications: Literary Parables; Other People's Wings; The Finer Spirit (verse); English Songs and Ballads; The Unspeakable Scot, 1902; Lovely Woman, 1905; The Lord of Creation, 1904; The Enemy, 1904; The Wild Irishman, 1905; The Suburbans, 1905; Red Itoso (verse), 1905; The Country Life, 1906; Editor of The English Review; Managing Director Marlborough Press, Limited. ..." 
  2. ^ William Sorley Brown (1928). The life and genius of T.W.H. Crosland. 
  3. ^ Jon Stallworthy. The Oxford Book of War Poetry. "T.W.H. Crosland (1865-1924)" 
  4. ^ Ronald Chambers= (2009). The Last Englishman: The Double Life of Arthur Ransome. faber and faber, London. p. 66. ISBN 978-0-571-22261-2. 
  5. ^ Hugh Brogan (1984). The Life of Arthur Ransome. Jonathan Cape, London. p. 80. ISBN 0-224-02010-2. 
  6. ^ Jonathan Fryer (2000). Robbie Ross: Oscar Wilde’s devoted friend. Carrol & Graf, New York and Constable & Robinson, London. p. 198,218,234. ISBN 0-7867-0781-X. 
  7. ^ "Crosland is Acquitted. Charged with Conspiracy to Defame Oscar Wilde's Executor". New York Times. July 7, 1914. Retrieved 2011-03-18. "T. W. H. Crosland, author of "The Unspeakable Scot" and a number of other books, who was charged with being concerned with Lord Alfred Douglas and others to charge falsely with a criminal offense Robert B. Ross, executor of the estate of the late Oscar Wilde, was found not guilty by a jury yesterday"