T. Colin Campbell

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T. Colin Campbell
TColinCampbell-by-GageSkidmore-crop.jpg
Campbell speaking in 2013
Born 1934 (1934) (age 80)
Education B.S. (1956), pre-veterinary medicine, Pennsylvania State University
Veterinary school, one year, University of Georgia
M.S. (1958), nutrition and biochemistry, Cornell University
Ph.D. (1961), biochemistry, nutrition, and microbiology, Cornell University
Occupation Nutritional biochemist
Notable work(s) The China Study (2005)
Relatives Thomas M. Campbell (son)
Website
T. Colin Campbell Center for Nutrition Studies

T. Colin Campbell is an American biochemist who specializes in the effect of nutrition on long-term health. He is the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor Emeritus of Nutritional Biochemistry at Cornell University.

Campbell has become known for his advocacy of a low-fat, whole foods, vegan (plant-based) diet. He is the author of over 300 research papers on the subject, and two books, Whole (2013), and The China Study (2005, co-authored with his son), which became one of America's best-selling books about nutrition.[1] Campbell featured in the 2011 American documentary, Forks Over Knives.

Campbell was one of the lead scientists in the 1980s of the China–Oxford–Cornell study on diet and disease, set up in 1983 by Cornell University, the University of Oxford, and the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine to explore the relationship between nutrition and cancer, heart and metabolic diseases. The study was described by The New York Times as "the Grand Prix of epidemiology."[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Campbell grew up on a dairy farm. He studied pre-veterinary medicine at Pennsylvania State University, where he obtained his B.S. in 1956, then attended veterinary school at the University of Georgia for a year.[3] He completed his M.S. in nutrition and biochemistry at Cornell in 1958, where he studied under Clive McCay (known for his research on nutrition and aging), and his Ph.D. in nutrition, biochemistry, and microbiology in 1961, also at Cornell.

Career[edit]

Campbell joined MIT as a research associate, then worked for 10 years in the Virginia Tech Department of Biochemistry and Nutrition, before returning to Cornell in 1975 to join its Division of Nutritional Sciences. He has worked as a senior science adviser to the American Institute for Cancer Research,[4] and sits on the advisory board of the Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine.[5] He is known in particular for research, derived in part from the China Project, that appears to link the consumption of animal protein with the development of cancer and heart disease.[6] He argues that casein, a protein found in milk from mammals, is "the most significant carcinogen we consume."[7]

Campbell has followed a 99 percent vegan diet since around 1990.[8] He does not identify himself as a vegetarian or vegan because, he said, "they often infer something other than what I espouse."[8] He told the New York Times: "The idea is that we should be consuming whole foods. We should not be relying on the idea that genes are determinants of our health. We should not be relying on the idea that nutrient supplementation is the way to get nutrition, because it’s not. I’m talking about whole, plant-based foods."[9]

He has been a member since 1978 of several United States National Academy of Sciences expert panels on food safety, and holds an honorary professorship at the Chinese Academy of Preventive Medicine.[4] He is featured in the documentaries, Forks Over Knives, Planeat, and Vegucated.

In 2010 after cardiac surgery, former U.S. president Bill Clinton mostly adopted the plant-based diet recommended by Campbell, Caldwell Esselstyn, and Dean Ornish.[6]

Bibliography[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Interview with T. Colin Campbell, author of "Whole", philly.com.
  2. ^ "Chinese ecological studies" at the Wayback Machine (archived July 25, 2011), Clinical Trial Service Unit, University of Oxford, accessed December 3, 2010.
  3. ^ The China Study, p. 4.
  4. ^ a b "T. Colin Campbell" at the Wayback Machine (archived May 18, 2008), Cornell University, accessed December 3, 2010.
  5. ^ "About PCRM", Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine, accessed December 3, 2010.
  6. ^ a b Sherwell, Philip. "Bill Clinton's new diet: nothing but beans, vegetables and fruit to combat heart disease", The Daily Telegraph, October 3, 2010.
  7. ^ Talk by T. Colin Campbell, Google Videos, 20:24 mins, accessed December 3, 2010.
  8. ^ a b "Interview with T. Colin Campbell", 2007
  9. ^ "Nutrition Advice From the China Study". The New York Times, January 7, 2011.

External links[edit]