T11 (classification)

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T11 and B1 are disability sport classification for disability athletics.

History[edit]

The classification was created by the International Paralympic Committee and has roots in a 2003 attempt to address "the overall objective to support and co-ordinate the ongoing development of accurate, reliable, consistent and credible sport focused classification systems and their implementation."[1]

Sport[edit]

Visualisation of functional vision for a T11 classified competitor

This classification is for disability athletics.[2] This classification is one of three classifications for athletes with visual impairment. They are T11, T12 and T13.[3] Jane Buckley, writing for the Sporting Wheelies, describes the athletes in this classification as: "B1 athletes – see IBSA classes (appendix) T12 B2"[2] The classification in the appendix by Buckley goes on to say "An athlete in this class will either have no light perception at all in either eye or may have some light perception but an inability to recognise the shape of a hand at any distance or in any direction"[2] The Australian Paralympic Committee defines this classification as being for "From no light perception in either eye to light perception, but inability to recognise the shape of a hand at any distance or in any direction." [4]

Athletes in this class are allowed to use guides in competition.[5] Runners may also get assistance at water stations in longer races.[6]

For the 2008 Summer Paralympics, classification assignment for this class was handled by the IPC.[7]

Becoming classified[edit]

For Australian athletics competitors seeking to be classified in this category, they need to undergo a classification evaluation where they will earn either provisional or national certification depending on who the evaluators are. Athletes undergo a medical examination and are asked to demonstrate their skills in athletics. They may also be asked to demonstrate other sport related skills such as jumping rope or swimming. A determination is then made as to what an classification an athlete should compete in.[8]

World records[edit]

In the 100m event, the men's world record is held by Lucas Prado and the women's world record is held by Terezinha Guilhermina.[9]

Rankings[edit]

100m outdoor[edit]

The following table is the world rankings from the International Paralympic Committee for the 100m Outdoor event in the T11 classification as of December 2011:[10]

Men
Rank Family Name Given Name NPC Year of Birth Time Time (ms) Wind Date City Country
1 Prado Lucas BRA 1985 00:11.15 11150 —0.1 2011—11—15 Guadalajara Mexico
2 Gomes Felipe BRA 1986 00:11.23 11230 0.1 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
3 Koptev Andrey RUS 1984 00:11.44 11440 —0.1 2011—04—05 Antalya Turkey
4 Silva Daniel BRA 1979 00:11.46 11460 0.3 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
4 Gillette Elexis USA 1984 00:11.46 11460 —0.4 2011—06—19 Miramar, Florida United States of America
6 Liu Xiangkun CHN 1980 00:11.54 11540 —0.4 2011—10—13 Zhejiang China
7 Iznaga Arian CUB 1978 00:11.67 11670 0.1 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
8 Diaz Jesus VEN 1994 00:11.68 11680 0.3 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
9 Sayovo Jose Armando ANG 1973 00:11.72 11720 —0.1 2011—04—05 Antalya Turkey
9 Ferrer Fernando VEN 1978 00:11.72 11720 —1.0 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
11 Makunda Gauthier Tresor FRA 1983 00:11.87 11870 —0.2 2011—01—23 Christchurch New Zealand
12 Da Silva Moraes Pedro Cezar BRA 1973 00:11.88 11880 1.4 2011—08—06 São Paulo Brazil
13 Silva Leandro BRA 1988 00:11.89 11890 0.8 2011—08—06 São Paulo Brazil
14 Jorchuy Kitsana THA 1976 00:11.91 11910 0.8 2011—04—04 Antalya Turkey
15 Camacho Silva Jose Gregorio VEN 1971 00:11.94 11940 0.1 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
16 Brown David USA 1992 00:11.95 11950 0.3 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
16 Arce Orozco Delfo Jesus COL 1980 00:11.95 11950 —0.2 2011—08—06 Cali Colombia
18 Wu Xiang CHN 1980 00:11.99 11990 —0.4 2011—10—13 Zhejiang China
19 Suzuki Hidetoshi JPN 1975 00:12.11 12110 0 2011—09—25 Oita Japan
20 Santos Octavio Angelo dos ANG 1981 00:12.13 12130 0.8 2011—04—04 Antalya Turkey
21 Porras Xavier ESP 1981 00:12.15 12150 0.3 2011—01—22 Christchurch New Zealand
22 Imanpouralibanehsi Hamid IRI 1991 00:12.19 12190 —0.1 2011—04—05 Antalya Turkey
23 Baptista Firmino POR 1977 00:12.21 12210 1.1 2011—04—04 Antalya Turkey
24 Parejo Maza Martin ESP 1989 00:12.24 12240 0.9 2011—03—12 Gijon Spain
25 Francisco Miguel Mateus ANG 1985 00:12.30 12300 0.8 2011—04—04 Antalya Turkey
26 Shikongo Ananias NAM 1986 00:12.31 12310 0.5 2011—01—22 Christchurch New Zealand
27 Acosta Alexis ARG 1987 00:12.33 12330 1.2 2011—06—11 La Plata Argentina
28 Cantero Lopez Pablo ESP 1994 00:12.41 12410 1.7 2011—06—05 Valencia Spain
29 Sato Seiki JPN 1972 00:12.46 12460 —0.2 2011—07—10 Sakai City, Osaka Japan
30 Dunkerley Jonathan Peter CAN 1980 00:12.49 12490 0.8 2011—07—20 Ottawa Canada
31 Carr Richard CAN 1972 00:12.51 12510 0.1 2011—07—09 Windor Canada
31 Belizario Angulo Jose Alexis COL 1989 00:12.51 12510 —0.2 2011—08—06 Cali Colombia
33 Punthong Jakkit THA 1982 00:12.52 12520 —0.2 2011—01—22 Christchurch New Zealand
34 Walsh Dustin Riley CAN 1983 00:12.55 12550 —0.4 2011—06—19 Miramar, Florida United States of America
35 Gers Tanner USA 1983 00:12.58 12580 0 2011—10—08 Chula Vista, California United States of America
36 Martinez Gonzales Breylin DOM 1979 00:12.76 12760 0.3 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
37 Samaca Rubio Edwar Fernando COL 1988 00:12.90 12900 —0.2 2011—08—06 Cali Colombia
38 Chavez Garcia Mauricio MEX 1978 00:12.93 12930 —0.4 2011—05—30 Mexico City Mexico
39 Rivera Martinez Reinaldo MEX 1992 00:13.36 13360 —0.4 2011—05—30 Mexico City Mexico
40 Arciniegas Perez Angel Fabian COL 1990 00:13.47 13470 —1.9 2011—08—06 Cali Colombia
41 Straht Rickard SWE 1994 00:13.71 13710 1.9 2011—07—01 Helsingborg Sweden
42 Solares Brayan GUA 1982 00:14.37 14370 0.1 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
43 Reyes Garay Christian COL 1991 00:14.52 14520 —1.3 2011—08—06 Cali Colombia
44 Gomez Miguel PER 1976 00:14.67 14670 0.1 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
45 Varela Villalobos Juan Gabriel CRC 1992 00:15.09 15090 0.1 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
Women
Rank Family Name Given Name NPC Year of Birth Time Time (ms) Wind Date City Country
1 Guilhermina Terezinha BRA 1978 00:12.04 12040 1.5 2011—06—01 Bottrop Germany
2 Santos Jerusa Geber BRA 1982 00:12.52 12520 0.3 2011—01—25 Christchurch New Zealand
3 Wu Chunmiao CHN 1985 00:12.87 12870 0.3 2011—01—25 Christchurch New Zealand
4 Jia Juntingxian CHN 1986 00:12.89 12890 0.2 2011—10—13 Zhejiang China
5 Santos Jhulia BRA 1991 00:13.16 13160 —0.6 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
6 Chen Yan CHN 1995 00:13.25 13250 0.2 2011—10—13 Zhejiang China
7 Jimenez Manzanarez Tania Lorena MEX 1982 00:13.41 13410 0.6 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
8 Hinton Tracey GBR 1970 00:13.42 13420 —0.2 2011—07—16 Bedfort Great Britain
9 Suarez Irene VEN 1987 00:13.50 13500 1.9 2011—08—22 Barquisimeto Venezuela
10 Temma Yuki JPN 1990 00:13.59 13590 1.1 2011—07—10 Sakai City, Osaka Japan
11 Kantza Paraskevi GRE 1976 00:13.63 13630 0.3 2011—01—24 Christchurch New Zealand
12 Torres Alberlis VEN 1985 00:13.64 13640 —0.6 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
13 Santos Adria Rocha BRA 1974 00:13.65 13650 —0.9 2011—01—24 Christchurch New Zealand
14 Liu Cuiqing CHN 1991 00:13.74 13740 0.2 2011—10—13 Zhejiang China
15 Cruz Monroy Casandra Guadalupe MEX 1994 00:13.85 13850 —2.4 2011—05—30 Mexico City Mexico
16 Sosa Gracia ARG 1990 00:13.87 13870 0.6 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
17 Takada Chiaki JPN 1984 00:13.96 13960 1.1 2011—07—10 Sakai City, Osaka Japan
18 Pinto Yuclesy VEN 1981 00:14.33 14330 —1.4 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
19 Restrepo Munoz Yesenia Maria COL 1982 00:14.40 14400 —0.6 2011—11—14 Guadalajara Mexico
19 Weldemichael Kidisti GER 1991 00:14.40 14400 0.4 2011—07—23 Singen am Hohentwiel Germany
21 Gonzalez Santa Cruz Gabriela Viridiana MEX 1995 00:14.90 14900 —2.4 2011—05—30 Mexico City Mexico
22 Trujillo de La Fuente Sandra MEX 1992 00:15.14 15140 1.2 2011—07—14 Colorado Springs United States of America
23 Calleja Belles Cristina ESP 1992 00:15.58 15580 0.5 2011—03—12 Gijon Spain
24 Pan Yu—Ting TPE 1993 00:15.60 15600 0.6 2011—04—04 Antalya Turkey
25 Rodriguez Saavedra Monica Olivia MEX 1989 00:15.71 15710 —1.8 2011—05—30 Mexico City Mexico
26 Montonen Elisa FIN 1989 00:15.89 15890 1.6 2011—09—03 Seinajoki Finland
27 Keles Ipek TUR 1990 00:16.64 16640 0.6 2011—04—04 Antalya Turkey
28 Vera Sanchez Sandra Milena COL 1991 00:17.03 17030 —0.7 2011—08—06 Cali Colombia

Marathon road[edit]

The following table is the world rankings from the International Paralympic Committee for the marathon event in the T11 classification as of December 2011:[10]

Rank Family Name Given Name NPC Year of Birth Time Time (ms) Date City Country
1 Cionna Andrea ITA 1968 2:37:57 9477000 2011—10—23 Venezia Italy
2 Khavlin Igor RUS 1977 2:38:57 9537000 2011—10—30 Frankfurt Germany
3 Wada Shinya JPN 1977 2:38:59 9539000 2011—11—23 Fukuchiyama Japan
4 Valenzuela Cristian CHI 1983 2:41:04 9664000 2011—01—30 Christchurch New Zealand
5 Takahashi Yuichi JPN 1965 2:44:22 9862000 2011—01—30 Christchurch New Zealand
6 Machado Joaquim POR 1971 2:44:38 9878000 2011—01—30 Christchurch New Zealand
7 Ferreira Carlos POR 1969 2:47:11 10031000 2011—10—30 Frankfurt Germany
8 Fukuhara Yoshihide JPN 1967 2:54:29 10469000 2011—11—23 Fukuchiyama Japan
9 Yarkoni Gad ISR 1974 2:55:28 10528000 2011—10—30 Frankfurt Germany
10 Niino Masahito JPN 1956 2:56:02 10562000 2011—11—23 Fukuchiyama Japan
11 Zhang Zhen CHN 1984 3:14:41 11681000 2011—10—19 Zhejiang China
12 Sioutis Stergios GRE 1961 3:34:44 12884000 2011—04—10 Thessaloniki Greece
13 Tsatsaklas Nikolaos GRE 1951 4:39:05 16745000 2011—04—10 Thessaloniki Greece
14 Aslanoglou Michail GRE 1971 4:42:59 16979000 2011—04—10 Thessaloniki Greece

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Paralympic Classification Today". International Paralympic Committee. 22 April 2010. p. 3. 
  2. ^ a b c Buckley, Jane (2011). "Understanding Classification: A Guide to the Classification Systems used in Paralympic Sports". Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Summer Sports » Athletics". Australia: Australian Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "Classification Information Sheet". Sydney, Australia. 16 November 2011. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Guide to visually impaired Paralympics classification". United Kingdom: Action for Blind People. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  6. ^ "Running & Sprinting with Guides". England: England Athletics. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "Beijing 2008 Paralympic Games Classification Guide". China: International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 14 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "CLASSIFICATION Information for Athletes". Sydney Australia: Australian Paralympic Committee. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  9. ^ "IPC Athletics World Records". International Paralympic Committee. Retrieved 19 November 2011. 
  10. ^ a b "Athletics". Paralympic.org. Retrieved 2011-12-19.