T2 Laboratories Inc. of 3043 Faye Road, Jacksonville, Florida, USA, was a facility that specialized in the design and manufacture of specialty chemicals primarily for gasoline additives. The company cites its low environmental impact specialty chemicals intended to replace more toxic and dangerous industrial chemicals.
On December 19, 2007, a massive explosion and fire killed four people in what is considered the U.S.'s most severe industrial accident in nearly three years. The explosion's force was equivalent to detonating about a ton of TNT and it spread debris up to a mile from the plant. Fourteen people were hospitalized for chemical exposure or their injuries after the blast.
T2 Laboratories' chemical reactor ruptured, according to a preliminary investigation by the U.S. Chemical Safety Board. The investigators reported their belief that the reactor ruptured during the production of a gasoline additive.
The explosion occurred in a 2500 gallon batch reactor during production of methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl. The reactor cooling system, which lacked backups, failed; this led to a thermal runaway.
In September 2009, a report was released by the US Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board as to the cause of the accident.
- "T2 Labs - Manufacturer of gasoline additives". Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "T2 Labs is the manufacturer of Ecotane". Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "Plant Blast is Worst U.S. Industrial Accident in Nearly 3 Years". Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "Overheated chamber triggered chemical lab blast". Archived from the original on 2008-03-09. Retrieved 2008-01-05.
- "Chemical Reactor Rupture Suspected In Fatal Lab Explosion, Safety Board Says". Retrieved 2008-01-03.
- "Contact T2 Labs Inc.". Retrieved 2008-01-03.
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