TAAG Angola Airlines
|Founded||September 1938(as Divisão dos Transportes Aéreos)|
|Commenced operations||17 July 1940|
|Company slogan||TAAG a Sua Companhia de Sempre (English: TAAG Always Your Company)|
|Parent company||Government of Angola (100%)|
TAAG Angola Airlines (Portuguese: Linhas Aéreas de Angola), is the state-owned flag carrier of Angola. Based in Luanda, the airline operates domestic services within Angola, as well as medium-haul services in Africa and long-haul services to Brazil, Cuba, China and Portugal. The airline was originally set up by the government in 1938; TAAG is an acronym for Transportes Aéreos Angolanos.
- 1 History
- 2 Corporate affairs
- 3 Destinations
- 4 Fleet
- 5 In-flight service
- 6 Accidents and incidents
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 External links
DTA: 1938 – 1973
The origins of the carrier trace back to 1937, when the president of Portugal Óscar Carmona commended Joaquim de Almedia Baltazar to create an airline in Angola. In September 1938, DTA – Divisão dos Transportes Aéreos was formed as a division of the Administration of Railways, Harbours, and Air Transport of Portuguese West Africa. It was owned and run by the government, which authorised the acquisition of three Dragons and two Junkers Ju 52s, yet the latter two aircraft were not delivered due to the outbreak of the Second World War. Operations began on 17 July 1940, using De Havilland Dragon Rapide biplanes. First routes to be operated were founded by the Aero Club of Angola and included two main lines: one running between Luanda and Pointe Noire, having connections with Aeromaritime services to Europe, and the other being Luanda–Benguela–Lobito that was later extended to Moçâmedes. Flights were intermittently discontinued during World War II due to the scarcity of spare parts, but by the end of the war the airline resumed operations. Two Stinson Reliants bought from the Belgian Congo in 1944 permitted the carrier to resume coastal services.
The DC-3 and the Beech 18 joined the fleet in 1946. In March that year, a new route to Leopoldville was launched. The airline joined the International Air Transport Association in 1951. Also this year, the company extended the Leopoldville route far east, serving Lourenço Marques, but this destination was later abandoned due to poor financial performance. DTA also operated a route linking Luanda with Lourenço Marques via Livingstone between 1951 and 1952; poor occupation prompted the airline to terminate the service. A 700-mile (1,100 km) long route to São Tomé was launched in 1956.
By April 1960DH.89s. A year later, DTA became the third African airline in ordering the Fokker F-27, with two aircraft acquired. At this time, the company had a route network that was 3,300 miles (5,300 km) long. The F-27s were incorporated into the fleet in 1962. Served with these brand new aircraft, Windhoek was added to the route network that year., the fleet was composed of four Beech 18s, seven DC-3s and three
TAAG Angola Airlines
Following renaming to TAAG – Transportes Aéreos de Angola on 1 October 1973, the airline was reorganised and reconstituted. The shareholders of the company at time were the Angolan government (51%), TAP Air Portugal (29%) and ex-DTA employees (20%). Four Boeing 737-200s were ordered in 1974. The same year, a new livery including the Palança Negra was unveiled.
Three F-27s and six DC-3s comprised the fleet by March 1975 Following the rise to power of the communists, that year the country gained independence from Portugal; the airline became Angola's flag carrier in October. In November, the company took delivery of the first Boeing 737-200. In January 1976 , the delivery of two Boeing 737-200Cs was blocked by the US State Department; with the embargo being lifted two months later, following the end of the civil war in the country. Valued at around US$18 million, these two aircraft were finally delivered by late April that year. In February the same year, an ex-Allegheny Airlines Fairchild FH-227 on delivery flight to Suidwes Lugdiens was forced to land at Luanda while flying over Angolan territory. The country seized control of the aircraft, which was later reported to be in service with TAAG, along with an ex-Argentine Air Force Caravelle and two ex-THY Turkish Airlines F-27s. Three Yak-40s entered the fleet in 1977, along with other Soviet-built aircraft; late this year, an ex-British Caledonian Airways Boeing 707-320C was sold to TAAG. In 1978, TAAG acquired two used F27s from Fokker, and another Boeing 737 was ordered a year later..
By March 1980Fokker F27s —four -600s and two -200s—, three L-100s —two -20s and one -30— and four Yakovlev Yak-40s to serve a number of domestic destinations, plus Brazzaville, São Tome, Lagos, Maputo, Lisbon, Moscow, Paris and Rome., the carrier had a fleet of three Boeng 707-320Cs, three Boeing 737-200Cs, six
TAAG bought a Boeing 747-300 Combi from Singapore Airlines in 1997, aimed at operating long-haul routes. Flights to Havana, via Sal Island, were operated for many years to move Cuban advisors and military personnel, often on a fortnightly schedule. When granted rights to fly to Cuba, TAAG gained the distinction of being the only African airline to fly to José Martí International Airport in Havana.
It was disclosed in 2005 that the airline ordered three Boeing 777-200ERs and four Boeing 737-700s with the intention of replacing the ageing Boeing 747-300s and Boeing 737-200s. The order was partially fulfilled in November 2006, when two Boeing 777-200ERs and three 737-700s were delivered. One of these Boeing 777-200ERs established a record-breaking distance for the delivery of the type, when it flew 12,860 kilometres (6,940 nmi; 7,990 mi) between Seattle and Luanda in 16 hours and 47 minutes. The new equipment was incorporated without phasing out the older ones. The 777-200ERs were immediately put on services to Lisbon, Johannesburg, and Paris. Because the 777s were originally unable to fly transatlantic flights due to ETOPS restrictions, TAAG was limited to Boeing 747-300 operations to Brazil.
European Union ban 2007 and subsequent restructuring
In June 2007European Union (EU) banned TAAG aircraft from entering into European airspace because of safety concerns, effective early July 2007. This left TAAG with two 777s sitting in Luanda, unable to fly to any of TAAG's long-haul destinations. The carrier announced it was losing US$5 million a month owing to the ban. TAAG hence initiated flights to Dubai and Beijing in order to increase aircraft usage and minimise losses. To continue operating flights to Europe, TAAG wet-leased a Boeing 747-400 from South African Airways (SAA). This aircraft was flown with a SAA flight crew and a mixture of TAAG's and SAA's cabin crew., the
Following the European Union ban, in November 2008, the entire TAAG board was replaced and a new board was appointed with the objective of turning the carrier round, and in particular getting it removed from the EU blacklist. At the time, according to the Transport Minister, Augusto da Silva Tomás, in 14 months the company lost about US$70 million (€55.6 million). The turn-round plan included staff reductions - before the action was taken, there were about 5,000 staff.
On 29 May 2009, it was announced that TAAG had passed IATA inspections,. and in October 2009 , TAAG began Boeing 777 flights to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo from Luanda after acquiring the necessary ETOPS certification. In November the same year, TAAG restarted services to Havana; many Cuban doctors and teachers reside in Angola and the flight exists to help transport them.
On 29 April 2010, it was announced that TAAG had ordered two Boeing 777-300ERs, with an option for two more.
In January 2011, there were concerns over inadequate maintenance on its aircraft once again, after a series of incidents involving the Boeing 777-200ER fleet. However, it was determined that the company was still complying with international safety requirements after an IATA inspection in Luanda.
In July 2009 The permission was extended to its four Boeing 737-700s in late 2009. The maximum number of flights was set at ten per week. On 1 August 2009, TAAG's first flight departed from Luanda to Lisbon, after nearly two years of being banned from EU airspace. TAAG then returned the Boeing 747–400 to South African Airways., TAAG received permission to operate flights to Europe under restricted conditions; it was allowed to fly only into Portugal, and could only use its three Boeing 777-200ERs to operate these flights.
In late March 2010, restrictions over TAAG operations were relented again following the announcement the airline could fly their Boeing 777-200ERs and 737-700s to all European airports. In April 2012 , the ban was partially lifted, but some aircraft were still prevented to fly the European Air Space. An updated version of the list of airlines banned in the EU released in early December 2012 still included part of TAAG's fleet; however, five Boeing 777s and four Boeing 737-700s were allowed to operate into the EU; there were no changes in the list regarding the aircraft the airline is allowed to fly into the EU, following the release of its last version in July 2013 .
Ownership and structure
Originally set up within a government department, TAAG Angola Airlines remains 100% owned by the Government of Angola, although it now has a formal corporate structure, with a board of directors, etc.
TAAG in turn is the sole owner of Angola Air Charter, also based in Luanda, that operates cargo charters in Africa.
Annual reports for the airline do not appear to be published. In the absence of these, the main sources for trends are press reports, and industry reports of the fleet size; even these are only indicative, because it is not always clear whether the aircraft recorded are actually in service:
|Turnover (US$ m)||585||530||650|
|Profits (US$ m)||−70||−72|
|Number of passengers (m)||1.1||0.8||1.1|
|Number of aircraft (at year end)||14||11||11||12||12|
TAAG has its corporate headquarters in Luanda, Angola. The airline also has offices in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North and South America, and opened an office in Chaoyang District, Beijing, in 2010.
In March 2011Boeing 747-300 fleet was retired from service. In June the same year, the airline received its first newly acquired Boeing 777-300ER, out of two ordered in October 2009; TAAG became the first African carrier in purchasing and operating this type of aircraft. Three additional 293-seater Boeing 777-300ERs were ordered in April 2012 , in a deal worth US$895 million., the
|Boeing 737-200 Advanced||2||—||—||—||16||86||102|
The company previously operated the following equipment:
- Airbus A340-300
- Antonov An-26
- Boeing 707-320B
- Boeing 707-320C
- Boeing 727-100C
- Boeing 737-200C
- Boeing 747-300
- Boeing 747-300
- Boeing 747-300 Combi
- Boeing 747-400
- Douglas C-47A
- Douglas DC-8-30
- Douglas DC-8-50
- Fokker 50
- Fokker F27-100
- Fokker F27-200
- Fokker F27-400
- Fokker F27-500
- Fokker F27-600
- Ilyushin Il-62M
- Lockheed L-100-20
- Lockheed L-100-30
- Lockheed L-1011-500
- Yakovlev Yak-40FG
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
- First Class
First Class, branded as Diamond First Class, is only available on TAAG's Boeing 777 aircraft. First class features fully flat-bed seats with AVOD in-flight entertainment. Additionally, amenity kits, pillows, and blankets are given to first class passengers. Passengers also have designated check-in desks and have access to TAAG's Welwitchia Lounge in Luanda Airport.
- Business Class
Business Class, known as Executiva Class, is found on all TAAG aircraft. On the Boeing 777 fleet, the seats are angled lie-flat with AVOD in-flight entertainment in each seat. Amenity kits, pillows, and blankets are given to all Business Class passengers. Additionally, they are entitled to priority check-in and also have access to TAAG's Welwitchia Lounge in Luanda Airport.
- Economy Class
Branded as HighFly Economic Class, TAAG's long-haul economy class cabin is equipped with AVOD in-flight entertainment. The seats feature footrests and winged headrests for extra comfort. Pillows and blankets are given to all economy class passengers, and hot meals are served on all international flights.
- In-Flight Entertainment
All TAAG long-haul aircraft are equipped with AVOD entertainment throughout all cabins. Known as Palanca, there are two variations throughout the Boeing 777 fleet. Rockwell Collins' dTES system is installed on the B777-200ERs, while the newer B777-300ERs possess the Thales TopSeries™ Audio Video On-demand System. The B737-700 fleet features drop-down LCD screens, used to show cabin-wide movies and a moving map display. Additionally, TAAG has an in-flight magazine and an in-flight entertainment guide, both known as austral.
Accidents and incidents
Accidents involving fatalities
- 29 November 1982: An Antonov 26, registration D2-TAB, that operated a non-scheduled passenger service, flew into mountainous terrain and crashed. All 15 occupants of the aircraft perished in the accident.
- 14 April 1997: A Fokker F-27-600, tail number D2-TFP, operating a Brazzaville–Luanda cargo service, rolled right following rotation from Maya-Maya Airport, fell onto the runway it took off from and skidded until it came to rest past the end of it, breaking in two and bursting into flames. There were three reported fatalities.:40
- 28 June 2007: a Boeing 737–200 crashed in northern Angola. Portuguese news agency Lusa said the aircraft had taken off from the Angolan capital, Luanda, and was trying to land at M'banza-Kongo in the province of Zaire, which is in northern Angola near the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo. At least five people were killed and 66 injured. Among those killed in the accident was the municipal administrator of M'banza-Kongo and a senior Roman Catholic priest from Italy. The airplane was carrying 78 passengers when it crashed at 1330 local time (12.30 GMT). The agency said control of the aircraft was lost upon landing and it crashed into a building, destroying it. The director of Aeroportos de Angola (the Angolan airport authority) told national radio the pilot had missed the runway for an unknown reason while attempting an emergency landing. According to aviation sources in Luanda, the aircraft apparently punctured two tires upon landing, causing one wing to dip and touch the runway. The aircraft then veered out of control and crashed into the building. Initial press reports indicated that the aircraft touched down about halfway along the runway while attempting to land at M'banza-Kongo.
Incidents involving fatalities
- 8 June 1980: A Yakovlev Yak-40K, registration D2-TYC, was shot down by a MiG-19 near Matala, Angola. There were 19 reported fatalities.
- 16 May 1981: A Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules, tail number D2-EAS, that was operating a freighter service, was shot down by a missile on approach to Menongue Airport. All four occupants of the aircraft perished in the incident.
- 8 November 1983: A Boeing 737-2M2, registration D2-TBN, crashed immediately after takeoff from Lubango Airport bound for Quatro de Fevereiro Airport; all 130 occupants of the aircraft —of whom 126 were passengers— died. UNITA guerrillas claimed to have shot down the airliner.
Incidents involving no fatalities
- 26 December 2002: A Boeing 737-2M2, registration D2-TDB, that had departed from Windhoek Hosea Kutako International Airport bound for Luanda operating Flight 572, was involved in a mid-air collision over Namibian airspace with a Cessna 404, registration V5-WAA, that took off from Windhoek Eros Airport. The collision occurred some 28 kilometres (17 mi) north of Hosea Kutako Airport. The Boeing sustained minor damages in one of its wings, but continued its flight to Luanda; the pilot of the Cessna —the only occupant of the light aircraft— managed to land it safely despite the damages it underwent in the incident. All occupants from both aircraft resulted unharmed.
- 15 May 1979: A Lockheed L-100-20 Hercules, registration D2-FAF, crashed on landing at São Tomé International Airport.
- 4 November 1980: A Boeing 737-2M2C, tail number D2-TAA, that landed short of the runway at Benguela Airport, slided some 900 m following the collapse of the gear; a fire broke out on the right wing but there were no reported fatalities. The aircraft caught fire during recovery operations on November 10, and was written off.
- 9 February 1984: A Boeing 737-2M2, registration D2-TBV, that departed from Albano Machado Airport operating a scheduled passenger service, suffered hydraulic problems following an explosion in the rear of the aircraft and returned to the airport of departure for an emergency landing. The plane touched down fast and overran the runway.
- 8 January 1988: A Yakovlev Yak-40K, tail number D2-TYD, ran off the runway upon landing at Quatro de Fevereiro Airport.
- 8 February 1988: A Boeing 707-349C, registration D2-TOI, had its hydraulic and control lines broken after it hit an antenna on approach to Quatro de Fevereiro Airport; the nosegear collapsed when it overran the runway.
- 20 February 1992: A Boeing 707-349C, tail number D2-TOJ, experienced a nosegear failure during taxiing at Quatro de Fevereiro Airport.
Notes and references
- "Organisational Chart". TAAG Angola Airlines. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012.
- Hofmann, Kurt (14 June 2012). "TAAG Angola Airlines eyes new US, Europe services". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 15 June 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012. "DT chairman and CEO Pimentel Araujo told ATW on the sidelines of the IATA annual meeting and summit in Beijing this week that the carrier is not only planning routes to Frankfurt or Paris but also wants to fly to the US “in two to three years.”"
- Buyck, Cathy (14 June 2011). "Ex-Im Bank arranges financing for TAAG 777-300". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013. "The aircraft will be used to expand the Angolan national flag carrier’s intercontinental service provided by its all-Boeing fleet."
- Guttery (1998), p. 20.
- "TAAG History". TAAG Angola Airlines. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "World Airline Directory – TAAG Angola Airlines". Flight International 159 (4774): 84. 3 April 2001 – 9 April 2001. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 21 August 2013.
- "World Airline Survey – Direccao do Exploracao dos Transportes Aereos (DTA – Angola Airlines)". Flight International 95 (3135): 570. 10 April 1969. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013.
- "Civil aviation...". Flight LX (2226): 406. 21 September 1951. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013. "The latest airline to become an active member of I.A.T.A. is Divisao de Exploraçao dos Transportes Aereos, which operates out of Luanda, Angola, in Portuguese West Africa."
- "World Airline Directory...—Divisao dos Transportes Aéreos – DTA". Flight 73 (2569): 536. 18 April 1958. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013.
- "Airlines of the World commerce – Direcçao de Transportes Aéreos (DTA)". Flight 77 (2665): 498. 8 April 1960. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013.
- "Air commerce – Friendships for EAAC and DTA". Flight 80 (2739): 362. 7 September 1961. Archived from the original on 28 August 2013.
- Guttery (1998), p. 21.
- "World Airline Directory – Transportes Aereos de Angola SARL (TAAG)". Flight International 108 (3445): 507. 20 March 1975. Archived from the original on 30 August 2013.
- Guttery (1998), p. 22.
- "Air transport". Flight International 109 (3487): 54. 10 January 1976. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "Delivery of two Boeing 737-200Cs to TAAG of Angola, due this month and next, has been blocked by the US State Department "until such time as it is clear that there is a national government in Angola""
- "Airliner market". Flight International 109 (3496): 629. 13 March 1976. Archived from the original on 8 January 2013. "The State Department has lifted the embargo on two 737-200CS for TAAG, following the end of the civil war in Angola. Price of the two aircraft, with spares, is reported as $18 million"
- "Air transport". Flight International 109 (3502): 1056. 24 April 1976. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "Angola Airlines is the new trading name of TAAG. Two Advanced 737-200Cs have now been delivered, having been embargoed by the State Department during the recent hostilities."
- "World news – Public-transport accidents". Flight International 109 (3493): 396. 21 February 1976. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "A Fairchild FH.227 on delivery from Allegheny Airlines to South-West African airline Suidwes was intercepted over Angola on February 11 and forced to land at Luanda."
- "Airliner market". Flight International 110 (3517): 309. 7 August 1976. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "The Fairchild-Hiller FH-227B registered in the UK as G-BEAI was impounded by Angola while being delivered to South Africa during the recent conflict and is now in service with Angola Airlines. The Airclaims insurance group is understood to have paid a claim on the loss; the filing of a UK registration may represent an attempt to recover the aircraft. Two ex-THY Turkish Airlines F.27s and an ex-Argentine Air Force Caravelle are also being used by Angola Airlines."
- "Airliner market". Flight International 112 (3582): 1341. 5 November 1977. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "The new order releases for sale another pair of Boeing 707-320CS, one of which has already been sold to Angola Airlines"
- "Airliner market". Flight International 113 (3596): 415. 18 February 1978. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "Angola Airlines has bought two used F.27 Friendships from Fokker-VFW. The first completely overhauled aircraft was delivered recently"
- "Airliner market". Flight International 115 (3659): 1448. 5 May 1979. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "Angola Airlines has ordered one 737 for immediate delivery"
- "World airline directory – TAAG-Angola Airlines". Flight International 118 (3716): 359. 26 July 1980. ISSN 0015-3710. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013.
- "TAAG's first 747". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. 29 January 1997. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Boeing prepares TAAG 777". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. 5 September 2006. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012. "TAAG will use the aircraft to replace its five 737-200s and two 747-300s."
- "Boeing delivers five aircraft in one day to TAAG Angola Airlines". London: Flightglobal. 14 November 2006. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012.
- "Boeing Delivers Five New Jetliners to TAAG Angola Airlines" (Press release). Boeing. 13 November 2006. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.
- "Boeing Delivers Five Commercial Jets to TAAG Angola Airlines" (Press release). Boeing. 13 November 2006. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.
- Buyck, Cathy (6 July 2007). "EC unveils blacklist as Indonesia, Angola consider reprisals". Air Transport World. Retrieved 22 June 2011. "The list, which takes effect today, now includes all 51 carriers certified in Indonesia, Angolan flag carrier TAAG Angola Airlines and Ukrainian cargo operator Volare Aviation Enterprise."
- Kamisnki-Morrow, David (28 June 2007). "All Indonesian carriers and TAAG Angola blacklisted by EU". Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012.
- "EU bans all Indonesian airlines". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Archived from the original on 24 July 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. "The new list includes all 51 carriers from Indonesia, eight from Moldova, six from Bulgaria, Angolan carrier TAAG Angola Airlines and Volare Aviation from Ukraine. It will be formally approved on 4 July and published the next day."
- Latham, Brian (31 December 2008). "Angolan Airline Losing $5 Million a Month on EU Ban, Angop Says". Bloomberg L.P. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013.
- Sobie, Brendan (30 October 2008). "SAA reintroduces 747-400s". Washington, D.C.: Flightglobal.com. Air Transport Intelligence news. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. "SAA earlier this year decided to wet-lease one of these aircraft to TAAG Angola Airlines, which needed an aircraft for its daily Luanda-Lisbon service because an EU ban precludes it from using its own aircraft."
- Karp, Aaron (26 May 2008). "SAA: Restructuring plan on track but fuel prices a concern". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012. "Three 747s have been returned to lessors, one has been wet-leased to TAAG Angola Airlines and the remaining two "are in the process of being subleased through their owners.""
- "Refundação da TAAG em fase conclusiva (Re-establishment of TAAG in final phase)". O País (in Portuguese). 2013-318. Retrieved 6 October 2013.
- "TAAG passes IATA's test". Luanda: ANGOP. 29 May 2009. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- "Angola's TAAG opens flights to Havana, Cape Town". The Independent. 10 November 2009. Archived from the original on 10 November 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
- Hofmann, Kurt (6 January 2011). "TAAG Angola Airlines grounds 777-200 fleet after engine incidents". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012.
- "TAAG works to resolve GE90 issues on 777s". Flightglobal.com. Flight International. 5 January 2011. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- "EU 'blacklist' updated; Yemenia not included, four Indonesian airlines removed". Air Transport World. 15 July 2009. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012. "TAAG Angola Airlines, already on the list of more than 200 carriers, will be allowed to operate "into Portugal only with certain aircraft and under very strict conditions," the European Commission said, adding that the limited access was granted to acknowledge "progress made by the civil aviation authority of Angola [and TAAG] to resolve progressively any safety deficiencies.""
- "EU lifts Indonesian airline ban". BBC News. 14 July 2009. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. "The statement also said TAAG Angola Airlines could now operate again into Portugal "only with certain aircraft and under very strict conditions"."
- "Other News - 12/01/2009". Air Transport World. 2 December 2009. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 17 September 2012. "From the former, Motor Sich was removed from the list entirely and Ukrainian Mediterranean Airlines now is allowed to operate into the EU with one aircraft while TAAG Angola Airlines was permitted to increase the number of planes it flies to Portugal owing to "significant progress" made by the carrier and civil aviation authority "to resolve progressively any safety deficiencies," the EC said."
- "New EU blacklist features Iran Air, Philippine carriers". Air Transport World. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 16 September 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012. "The EC lifted some restrictions on TAAG Angola Airlines and Air Koryo. The North Korean airline, banned since March 2006, will be allowed to operate two specially equipped aircraft into the EU, while TAAG will be allowed to fly to any EU destination "under certain strict conditions with specific aircraft.""
- "Commission updates the list of airlines banned from the European airspace" (Press release). EUROPA.eu. 30 March 2010. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012. "The Commission recognises the improvements in the operations of TAAG Angola Airlines by allowing the air carrier to operate under certain strict conditions with specific aircraft to all destinations in the EU, not only to Lisbon."
- "List of air carriers of which all operations are subject to a ban within the EU". European Commission – Mobility & Transport. 3 April 2012. Archived from the original on 21 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
- "List of airlines banned within the EU". European Commission. 4 December 2012. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 5 December 2012.
- "List of airlines banned within the EU". European Commission. 10 July 2013. Archived from the original on 11 July 2013.
- "Aviation safety: Commission updates the European safety list of banned airlines" (Press release). European Commission. 10 July 2013. Archived from the original on 11 July 2013.
- "." TAAG Angola Airlines organisational chart. Retrieved on October 6, 2013.
- "Angolan airline TAAG eyes flights to EU in June". eTurboNews. Reuters. 4 March 2009. Archived from the original on 1 November 2013.
- "."Profile for: TAAG Angola Airlines". AeroTransport Data Bank. 9 January 2012. Retrieved 9 January 2012."
- "TAAG Angola Airlines: Angola’s take-off". Business Excellence. 1 August 2012.
- "TAAG Offices." TAAG Angola Airlines. Retrieved on 14 October 2011. "Angola - Luanda Agência Sede Rua da Missão 123, P.O. Box 79 Luanda - República de Angola"
- "Directory: World Airlines." Flight International. 30 March-5 April 2004. 77. "Rua da Missao 123, PO Box 79, Luanda, CP 3010, Angola"
- "TAAG Offices." TAAG Angola Airlines. Retrieved on November 11, 2012.
- "安哥拉航空公司北京代表处正式落成" (in Chinese). Sohu.com. 3 August 2010. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "TAAG Angola Airways boosts capacity, justifying Angola's investment in airport infrastructure". Centre for Aviation. 22 July 2013. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013.
- "TAAG: International Flights". TAAG Angola Airlines. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "TAAG: Regional Flights". TAAG Angola Airlines. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
- "TAAG and Royal Air Maroc sign agreement". Luanda: ANGOP. 3 December 2011. Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
- Moores, Victoria (21 December 2012). "TAAG Angola Airlines to strengthen network, cut staff". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
- "TAAG retires the Jumbo" (Press release). TAAG Angola Airlines. 7 March 2011. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.
- "Aircraft & Engines". Air Transport World. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. "TAAG Angola Airlines took delivery of its first Boeing 777-300ER. The aircraft is part of an order for two placed in October 2009."
- "Boeing Delivers First 777-300ER to TAAG" (Press release). Boeing. 14 June 2011. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.
- Molnar, Matt (14 June 2011). "TAAG Angola Receives First Boeing 777-300ER". NYCAviation. Archived from the original on 2 September 2013. "Angola’s flag carrier ordered the aircraft in October 2009. According to Boeing, it is the first 777-300ER to be purchased, owned and operated by an African carrier."
- "Boeing, TAAG announce order for three 777-300ERs" (Press release). Boeing. 2 April 2012. Archived from the original on 14 April 2013.
- "TAAG Orders Three Boeing 777ERs". Airwise News. Reuters. 2 April 2012. Archived from the original on 2 January 2013.
- Ostrower, Jon (2 April 2012). "TAAG Angola to add up to six more 777-300ER". Washington DC: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013.
- "TAAg Angola Airlines Fleet". ch-aviation GmbH. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013.
- Blachly, Linda (3 April 2012). "TAAG places firm order for three 777s". Air Transport World. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Profile for: TAAG Angola Airlines". AeroTransport Data Bank. 2 January 2013. Archived from the original on 2 January 2012. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
- Karantzavelou, Vicky (10 April 2014). "Saudia, Kuwait Airways and TAAG Angola Airlines are connected with OnAir connectivity". TravelDailyNews. Archived from the original on 10 April 2014.
- "TAAG's Official Website – TAAG: Class". TAAG Angola Airlines. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
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- Accident description for D2-TAB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 July 2011.
- "Airline flight safety: 1982 reviewed – FATAL ACCIDENTS: NON-SCHEDULED PASSENGER FLIGHTS" (pdf). Flight International: 205. 22 January 1983. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Accident description for D2-TFP at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 June 2011.
- "Airline Safety Review – Fatal accidents: non-passenger flights" (pdf). Flight International: 38 – 40. 21 January 1998 – 27 January 1998. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
- "Angolan plane crash 'kills five'". BBC News. 28 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- TAAG crash at news.com.au[dead link]
- 2007 TAAG crash at Aviation Safety Network
- Moores, Victoria (28 June 2007). "TAAG Angola 737-200 crashes in northwest Angola". London: Flightglobal.com. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- Incident description for D2-TYC at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 20 June 2011.
- "Flight safety: 1980 reviewed – FATAL ACCIDENTS: SCHEDULED PASSENGER SERVICES" (pdf). Flight International: 228. 24 January 1981. Retrieved 20 June 2011.
- Incident description for D2-EAS at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 July 2011.
- Accident description for D2-TBN at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 25 June 2011.
- "Unita shots down TAAG 737" (pdf). Flight International: 1336. 19 November 1983. Retrieved 25 June 2011. "Unita guerrillas claim that they shot down the TAAG Angolan Airlines Boeing 737 which crashed immediately after take-off from Lubango, Southern Angola, with the loss of all 126 people on board. Unita opposes Angola's Government, and claims that the flight, bound for Luanda, was carrying only military personnel. The incident took place on November 8."
- Incident description for D2-TDB at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 June 2011.
- Learmount, David (7 January 2003). "737 and Cessna 404 in collision over Namibia". London: Flightglobal.com. Flight International. Archived from the original on 11 September 2012. Retrieved 11 September 2012.
- Accident description for D2-FAF at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 July 2011.
- Incident description for D2-TAA at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 25 June 2011.
- "Safety update..." (pdf). Flight International: 2082. 6 December 1980. Retrieved 25 June 2011. "A TAAG-Angolan Airlines Boeing 737 landed short of the runway at Benguela on November 5. The aircraft, D2-TAA, destroyed its landing gear and skidded 1,000m, breaking off one engine. The starboard wing was burned out and the fuselage side received fire damage. During the recovery operation on November 10 the aircraft caught fire and was totally destroyed. There were no injuries."
- Incident description for D2-TBV at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 7 July 2011.
- Incident description for D2-TYD at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 July 2011.
- Incident description for D2-TOI at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 27 July 2011.
- Incident description for D2-TOJ at the Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 8 July 2011.
- "AIRLINE SAFETY REVIEW – NON-FATAL ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: NON-PASSENGER FLIGHTS" (pdf). Flight International: 34. 27 January 1993 – 2 February 1993. Retrieved 8 July 2011.
- Guttery, Ben R. (1998). Encyclopedia of African Airlines. Jefferson, North Carolina 28640: Mc Farland & Company, Inc. ISBN 0-7864-0495-7.
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