TFF Second League

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TFF Second League
TFF 2.Lig logo.png
Country  Turkey
Confederation UEFA (Europe)
Founded 2001-02
Number of teams 36 (2012-13)
Levels on pyramid 3
Promotion to 1. Lig
Relegation to 3. Lig
Domestic cup(s) Turkish Cup
Current champions Giresunspor (White)
Altınordu (Red)
(2013–14)
2014–15 TFF Second League

TFF Second League (Turkish Football Federation Second League) or TFF 2. Lig (in Turkish), is the third level in the Turkish football league system. It was founded in 2001-02 season with the name of "Turkish Second League Category B" as a continuation of then second level division Turkish Second Football League. In 2005–06 the name of the league was changed to "Lig B". Since 2007–08 season league's current name is used along with sponsor names. 2010–11 is the 10th season of the league. In its tenth season the league was named Spor-Toto Second League due to sponsorship.

Turkish Second Football League (in Turkish: Türkiye İkinci Futbol Ligi or shortly İkinci Lig or 2. Lig) is a defunct football league in Turkey. It has been the second level division in Turkish football since its foundation in 1963–64 until the formation of new league system in 2001–02. Turkish Second Football League divided int two categories in 2001–02 season: Category A and Category B. Since 2007-08 Category A has continued as TFF First League and Category B has continued as TFF Second League in the new league system after 2001. Although it was continued with its old name until 2007, because TFF Second League became the third level division, new naming is frequently used as of 2001–02. A comparison of new and old league systems can be seen in "see also" section of this article.

Contents

League status[edit]

In 2009–2010 season the league contained 55 clubs spread out over 4 groups of 11 or 12 teams. The league is played over two rounds. In the first round, ten teams in five groups play with other teams in their group, like a regular season. Top two teams of each group qualify to the "play-off group". They form a play-off league (consisting of ten teams) and play a regular season starting with zero points. The remaining eight teams in each group keep their points and they play again with each other. These new eight-teamed groups are called "classifying groups". The top two teams in each play-off group are promoted to the TFF First League. The three teams classified as third to fifth in each play-off group join the extra play-offs with top teams from each of the five classifying groups. These eight teams play a knockout competition (in a neutral venue) to determine the last team to be promoted. The bottom three teams of the classifying groups are relegated to the TFF Third League. The top four clubs from the Promotion Group of the TFF Third League are then promoted to the TFF Second League, while eight others play in a play-off.

In 2010–2011 season the league was played with 36 teams in two groups, white and red. Winner of the each group directly promotes to Bank Asya 1. Lig (TFF First League). In each group 2nd through 5th teams play play-off games with the respective team in the other group to determine the finalists. Finalists play a single game to determine the third team to be promoted. Bottom three teams in each group are relegated to Spor-Toto 3. Lig (TFF Third League).

In 2012–13 season 34 teams were attended due to withdrawals (Türk Telekomspor and Ankaraspor). Two groups with 17 teams were formed. The promotion procedure is the same. But this time bottom two teams relegates from the league.

TFF Second League 2012–13 clubs[edit]

League history[edit]

1963–64 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

League was founded in 1963–64 as a single group with 13 teams.

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1963–64 Şekerspor İzmir Demirspor

1964–65 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1964–65 Vefa no relegation

1965–66 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Regional Amateur Leagues
1965–66 Eskişehirspor (final group champions)
Altınordu (Final group runners-up)
Yeşildirek (play-out loser)

1966–67 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1966–67 Mersin İdmanyurdu (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Bursaspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: Beyoğluspor
White Group: Davutpaşa

1967–68 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1967–68 İstanbulspor (Red Group winner)
İzmirspor (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: Petrol Ofisi Spor, Altındağ, Uşakspor
White Group: Kasımpaşa, Malatyaspor, Taksim

1968–69 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1968–69 MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Samsunspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: Sarıyer, Edirnespor, Karagümrük
White Group: Konyaspor, Beylerbeyi, Kastamonuspor

1969–70 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1969–70 Karşıyaka (Red Group winner)
Boluspor (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: Düzcespor
White Group: Ülküspor

1970–71 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1970–71 Adanaspor (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Giresunspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: Beykoz, Nazillispor
White Group: Hacettepe, Galata

1971–72 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1971–72 PTT (Red Group winner)
Şekerspor (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: İzmirspor, Güneşspor
White Group: Toprak Ofisi, Tarsus İdmanyurdu

1972–73 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1972–73 Kayserispor (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Adana Demirspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: DÇ Karabükspor, Afyonspor
White Group: Feriköy, Karşıyaka

1973–74 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1973–74 Trabzonspor (Red Group winner)
Zonguldakspor (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: Bandırmaspor, PTT
White Group: Erzurumspor, Lüleburgazspor

1974–75 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1974–75 Orduspor (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Balıkesirspor (White Group winner)
Red Group: İstanbulspor
White Group: Uşakspor

1975–76 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1975–76 Mersin İdmanyurdu (Red Group winner)
Samsunspor (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: Hatayspor
White Group: Kütahyaspor

1976–77 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1976–77 Diyarbakırspor (Red Group winner)
MKE Ankaragücü (White Group winner and Champions of the league)
Red Group: Malatyaspor
White Group: Çorumspor

1977–78 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1977–78 MKE Kırıkkalespor (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Göztepe (White Group winner)
Red Group: Giresunspor, Manisaspor
White Group: İskenderunspor, Altınordu

1978–79 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1978–79 Gaziantepspor (Red Group winner and Champions of the league)
Çaykur Rizespor (White Group winner)
Kayserispor (Red Group runners-up and promotion play-offs winner)
Red Group: Gençlerbirliği, Konyaspor
White Group: Beykoz

1979–80 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1979–80 Mersin İdmanyurdu (Group A winner)
Kocaelispor (Group B winner and Champions of the league)
Boluspor (Group A runners-up and promotion play-offs winner)
no relegation

1980–81 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1980–81 Göztepe (Group A winner)
Sakaryaspor (Group B winner)
Diyarbakırspor (Group C winner)
MKE Ankaragücü (Turkish Cup champions and Group B runners-up)
no relegation

1981–82 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1981–82 Sarıyer (Group A winner)
Antalyaspor (Group B winner)
Mersin İdmanyurdu (Group C winner)
Samsunspor (Group D winner)
Group A: Kırklarelispor
Group B: Ödemişspor
Group C: Elazığspor
Group D: Çorumspor

1982–83 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1982–83 Karagümrük (Group A winner)
Denizlispor (Group B winner)
Gençlerbirliği (Group C winner)
Orduspor (Group D winner)
Group A: Beylerbeyi, Davutpaşa, Yedikule, Feriköy, Eyüp
Group B: Uşakspor, Yeşilova, Çanakkalespor, Manisaspor, Tirespor
Group C: DÇ Karabükspor, K. Ereğlispor, Ank. Demir, Amasyaspor, Esk. Demir
Group D: Hatayspor, TİY Erkutspor, Sivasspor, Tokatspor, Erzincanspor

1983–84 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1983–84 Eskişehirspor (Group A winner)
Altay (Group B winner)
Malatyaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Beykoz, İstanbulspor
Group B: Ispartaspor, Aydınspor
Group C: Kırşehirspor, Ceyhanspor

1984–85 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1984–85 Çaykur Rizespor (Group A winner)
Kayserispor (Group B winner and Champions of the league)
Samsunspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Elazığspor, Şanlıurfaspor
Group B: Kütahyaspor, Sitespor
Group C: Süleymaniye Sirkeci, Alibeyköyspor

1985–86 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1985–86 Diyarbakırspor (Group A winner)
Boluspor (Group B winner)
Antalyaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Hopaspor, Sivasspor, Mardinspor, Giresunspor
Group B: Balıkesirspor, Manisa Vestel, Burdurspor, E.S. Alüminyumspor
Group C: Galata, Tekirdağspor, Lüleburgazspor, Gölcükgücü

1986–87 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1986–87 Adana Demirspor (Group A winner)
Karşıyaka (Group B winner)
Sakaryaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Reyhanlıspor, Osmaniyespor, Elazığspor
Group B: Sökespor, Kırşehirspor, Düzce Kervan Doğsan, Bandırmaspor
Group C: Anadolu, Vefa Simtel, Çanakkalespor, Silivrispor

1987–88 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1987–88 Adanaspor (Group A winner)
Kahramanmaraşspor (Group B winner)
Konyaspor (Group C winner)
Group A: MKE Kırıkkalespor, Niğdespor, Bayburtspor
Group B: Tarsus İdmanyurdu, Uşakspor, Ünyespor
Group C: İzmirspor, Fatih Karagümrük, Kırklarelispor

1988–89 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1988–89 Gençlerbirliği (Group A winner)
No promotion in Group B (Bursaspor II won)
Zeytinburnuspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Mardinspor, Bitlisspor, Kayserispor
Group B: Zonguldakspor, Sönmez Filament, Yeni Afyonspor, Trabzonspor II
Group C: Babaeskispor, Çorluspor, Düzcespor, Uzunköprüspor

1989–90 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1989–90 Bakırköyspor (Group A winner)
Aydınspor (Group B winner)
Gaziantepspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Bartınspor, Çarşambaspor, Bulancakspor
Group B: Trakya Birlik Edirnespor, Menemenspor, Ispartaspor
Group C: İskenderunspor, Şanlıurfaspor, Erzincanspor

1990–91 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1990–91 Samsunspor (Group A winner)
Altay (Group B winner)
Adana Demirspor (Group C winner)
Group A: Giresunspor, Sümerbank Beykoz, Akçaabat Sebatspor
Group B: Kütahyaspor, Kuşadasıspor, Yeni Afyonspor
Group C: Nevşehirspor, Niğdespor, Polatlıspor

1991–92 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1991–92 Kocaelispor (Group A winner)
Karşıyaka (Group B winner and Champions of the league)
Kayserispor (Group C winner)
Group A: Eskişehirspor, Fatih Karagümrük, Kasımpaşa
Group B: Bozüyükspor, Altınordu, Gönenspor
Group C: Hatayspor, Elazığspor, Şekerspor

1992–93 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1992–93 Samsunspor (promotion group first place)
Zeytinburnuspor (promotion group second place)
DÇ Karabükspor (promotion group third place)
Group 1: İnegölspor, Bandırmaspor, Küçükçekmecespor
Group 2: Manisaspor, Yeni Nazillispor, İzmirspor
Group 3: Keçiörengücü, Mudurnuspor
Group 4: Çaykur Rizespor, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Bafraspor
Group 5: Kahramanmaraşspor, Batman Belediyespor

1993–94 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1993–94 Petrolofisi (promotion group first place)
Denizlispor (promotion group second place)
Vanspor(promotion group third place)
Adana Demirspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 5th)
Antalyaspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 6th)
Group 1: Yalovaspor, Eyüpspor
Group 2: Sökespor, Ayvalıkgücü
Group 3: Yeni Yozgatspor, Kütahyaspor
Group 4: PTT, Ünyespor
Group 5: Muşspor, İskenderunspor

1994–95 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1994–95 Karşıyaka (promotion group first place)
İstanbulspor (promotion group second place)
Eskişehirspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 3rd)
Group 1: İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Üsküdar Anadolu SK
Group 2: Muğlaspor, Manisaspor
Group 3: Ispartaspor, Tarsus İdmanyurdu
Group 4: Giresunspor, Erdemir Ereğlispor
Group 5: Yeni Sincanspor, Batman Belediyespor

1995–96 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1995–96 Çanakkale Dardanelspor (promotion group first place)
Sarıyer (promotion group second place)
Zeytinburnuspor (extra play-off winner and classification group 1 winner)
Group 1: Çorluspor, Lüleburgazspor
Group 2: Fethiyespor, Bergamaspor
Group 3: Beypazarı Belediyespor, Mersinspor
Group 4: Boluspor, Orduspor
Group 5: Petrol Ofisi Spor, Kahramanmaraşspor

1996–97 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1996–97 KDÇ Karabükspor (promotion group first place)
Kayserispor (promotion group second place)
Şekerspor (extra play-off winner and classification group 4 winner)
Group 1: Nişantaşı, Anadoluhisarı İdmanyurdu
Group 2: Muğlaspor, Balıkesirspor
Group 3: İnegölspor, Alanyaspor
Group 4: Ünyespor
Group 5: İskenderunspor, Bingölspor

1997–98 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1997–98 Erzurumspor (promotion group first place)
Adanaspor (promotion group second place)
Sakaryaspor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 5th)
Group 1: Kemerspor, Gaziosmanpaşaspor
Group 2: Turgutluspor, Afyonspor
Group 3: Düzcespor, Beylerbeyi
Group 4: Keçiörengücü, Çorumspor
Group 5: PTT, Siirt Köy Hizmetleri YSE Spor

1998–99 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1998–99 Vanspor (promotion group first place)
Denizlispor (promotion group second place)
Göztepe (extra play-off winner and promotion group 3rd)
Group 1: Adana Demirspor, Kilimli Belediyespor
Group 2: Petrol Ofisi Spor, Soma Linyitspor
Group 3: Zonguldakspor, Edirnespor
Group 4: Erzincanspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor
Group 5: Ankara Demirspor, Fırat Üniversitesi

1999–2000 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
1999–00 Yimpaş Yozgatspor (promotion group first place)
Siirt JET-PA (promotion group second place)
Çaykur Rizespor (extra play-off winner and promotion group 3rd)
Group 1: Zeytinburnuspor
Group 2: Kuşadasıspor, Marmarisspor
Group 3: Pendikspor, Kasımpaşa
Group 4: Giresunspor, Orduspor
Group 5: Adıyamanspor, Malatya Belediyespor

2000–01 Turkish Second Football League[edit]

Promotion and relegation:

Season Promoted to Turkish First Football League Relegated to Turkish Third Football League
2000-01 Göztepe (promotion group first place)
Diyarbakırspor (promotion group second place)
Malatyaspor (extra play-off winner and classification group 5 winner)
Group 1: Bakırköyspor
Group 2: Yeni Salihlispor
Group 3: Çorluspor
Group 4: Düzcespor
Group 5: Ankara ASAŞ Spor

Source: Cem Pekin Archives[1] and TFF[2] and mackolik.com.[3]

Past promotion[edit]

Regional Group System

Season A Group Leader B Group Leader C Group Leader
2002–03 Karşıyaka Türk Telekomspor Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Fatih Karagümrük Sarıyer Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor Orduspor Gaziantep Büyükşehir Belediyespor

Promotion–Classification Group System

Year Winner Runner Up Playoff Winner
2001–02 Manisaspor Mersin İdman Yurdu Adana Demirspor
2005–06 Kasımpaşa Gençlerbirliği OFTAŞ Eskişehirspor
2006–07 Boluspor Kartalspor Giresunspor
2007–08 Adanaspor Kardemir Karabükspor Güngören Belediyespor
2008–09 Bucaspor Mersin İdman Yurdu Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor Akhisar Belediyespor TKİ Tavşanlı Linyitspor

Red-White Group System

Yıl Red Group Winner White Group Winner Playoff Winner
2010–11 Elazığspor Göztepe Sakaryaspor
2011–12 1461 Trabzon Şanlıurfaspor Adana Demirspor
2012–13 Kahramanmaraşspor Balıkesirspor Fethiyespor
2013–14 Altınordu Giresunspor TBD

Past relegation[edit]

Regional Group System

Season A Group B Group C Group
2002–03 Gaziosmanpaşaspor, Kütahyaspor Çubukspor, Tokatspor Hakkarispor, Silopi Cudispor
2003–04 Sidespor, Mustafakemalpaşaspor Amasyaspor, Gümüşhanespor Mezitlispor, Iğdırspor
2004–05 Göztepe, Çorluspor Bulancakspor, Şekerspor Erzincanspor, Karamanspor

Promotion–Classification Group System

Year Relegated Teams
2001–02 Zeytinburnuspor, Sapancaspor Ispartaspor, Yeni Turgutluspor Konya Mobellaspor, Kırklarelispor Boluspor, Artvin Hopaspor Vanspor, Ağrıspor
2005–06 Yıldırım Bosnaspor, Üsküdar Anadolu SK Aydınspor, Adanaspor (Adanaspor didn't field first 2 games and was officially relegated) Aksarayspor, Bursa Merinosspor Ankara Demirspor, Zonguldakspor Osmaniyespor, Batman Petrolspor
2006–07 Yalovaspor, Oyak Renault G.S.D. Nazilli Belediyespor, Muğlaspor Keçiörengücü, Darıca Gençlerbirliği Tokatspor, Ünyespor Siirtspor, Cizrespor
2007–08 İnegölspor, Fatih Karagümrük İzmirspor, Uşakspor Küçükköyspor, Tepecik Belediyespor Araklıspor, Erzincanspor Kahramanmaraşspor, Hatayspor
2008–09 Gaziosmanpaşaspor, Darıca Gençlerbirliği, Beylerbeyi Altınordu, Marmaris Belediyespor, Afyonkarahisarspor Kırıkkalespor, Maltepespor, Alibeyköyspor Pazarspor, Arsinspor, Yimpaş Yozgatspor GASKİ, Şanlıurfa Belediyespor, Malatya Belediyespor
2009–10 Yalovaspor, Beykoz 1908, Zeytinburnuspor Tepecikspor, İstanbulspor, Denizli Belediyespor Karsspor, Kırşehirspor, Erzurumspor (Erzurumspor didn't field first 2 games of 2nd stage and was officially relegated) Diyarbakır Büyükşehir Belediyespor, Kahramanmaraşspor, Malatyaspor

Red-White Group System

Yıl Relegated teams from Red Group Relegated teams from White Group
2010-11 Türk Telekomspor (Withdraw from leagues after finishing this season), Tarsus İdman Yurdu, Belediye Vanspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor Akçaabat Sebatspor, Hacettepe, Gebzespor
2011-12 Altınordu, Adıyamanspor, Mardinspor Diyarbakırspor, Çorumspor, Kocaelispor
2012-13 Ünyespor, Sakaryaspor Denizli Belediyespor, Çamlıdere Şekerspor
2013-14 Eyüpspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Bozüyükspor Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Gaziosmanpaşaspor, Çankırıspor

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cem Pekin Archives provides information on all seasons of Turkish Second Football League between 1963–64 and 2000–01, and TFF Second League and TFF First League since 2001-02.
  2. ^ TFF (Turkish Football Federation) provides information on TFF Second League since 1990–91 (including Turkish Second Football League), and on TFF First League since 2001–02.
  3. ^ Maçkolik has included statistics for Turkish Third Football League in 2012. See mackolik.com.