Tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 14 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TNFRSF14gene. It is also known as "herpesvirus entry mediator" (HVEM).
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the TNF-receptor superfamily. This receptor was identified as a cellular mediator of herpes simplex virus (HSV) entry. Binding of HSV viral envelope glycoprotein D (gD) to this receptor protein has been shown to be part of the viral entry mechanism. The cytoplasmic region of this receptor was found to bind to several TRAF family members, which may mediate the signal transduction pathways that activate the immune response.
In melanocytic cells TNFRSF14 gene expression may be regulated by MITF.
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